European Royalty during World War II - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – European Royalty during World War II PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 45090-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

European Royalty during World War II

Description:

World War II. Last Chance for Restoration? The war was presented as a crusade for the defeat of tyranny ... public expression of world opinion against the Axis ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:106
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 33
Provided by: glennast
Category:
Tags: during | european | ii | royalty | war | world

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: European Royalty during World War II


1
European RoyaltyduringWorld War II
  • Last Chance for Restoration?

2
The war was presented as a crusade for the defeat
of tyranny and aggression, and not a new wave of
conquest and empire-building. The declaration of
the so-called United Nations in January 1942 was
a public expression of world opinion against the
Axis New Orders, a reassertion of public morality
in dealings at home and abroad. What mattered at
the time was not so much the moral credentials of
the signatories, but the sense conveyed in the
document that those who signed it walked on the
side of the angels against savage and brutal
forces seeking to subjugate the world.
Richard Overy
3
  • Any healthy elements that can deliver some
    goods should be rallied in this crisis.
  • Winston Churchill

4
A Hohenzollern prince who had the enormous
courage to put himself at the head of the German
Resistance movement that had become unendurable
at home and had failed in the field of foreign
policy, and so risked his life, would have
assuredly at one stroke changed the historical
position of the monarchy. The painful memories
of 1918 would have been wiped out.
Gerhard Ritter
5
Royal Injustice?
  • Royaltys Anti-Nazi Record during the War
  • Allied Royalty
  • Axis Royalty
  • Neutral Royalty
  • Royal Resistance
  • Royaltys Fate after the War
  • Reasons for Royaltys Post-War Decline

6
Allied Royalty
  • King George VIof Great Britainand Ireland

7
Allied Royalty-in-Exile
  • King Zog I of Albania (April 8, 1939)
  • Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxemburg (May 10,
    1940)
  • Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (May 13,
    1940)
  • King Haakon VII of Norway (June 7, 1940)
  • King Peter II of Yugoslavia (April 14-15, 1941)
  • King George II of the Hellenes (April 23, 1941)

8
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • British destroyer at the Hook of Holland
  • Exile, May 13, 1940-March 13, 1945
  • Radio broadcasts
  • Busy though we were, my life in London was not
    dominated by action but by endless waiting.

9
Other Allied Royalty
  • Allied Royalty under Nazi Arrest
  • King Christian X of Denmark (April 9, 1940)
  • King Leopold III of the Belgians (May 28, 1940)
  • Would-Be Allied Royalty
  • Prince Henri, the Count of Paris

10
King Christian X of Denmark
  • Surrender on April 9, 1940
  • Daily ride through Copenhagen
  • Urban legends
  • Liberation in May 1945

11
The Count of Paris
  • Joined the French Foreign Legion at the outbreak
    of war
  • Settled in North Africa after Frances defeat
  • Was complicit in the assassination of Admiral
    Darlan in 1943?
  • Was admired and honored by De Gaulle

12
Axis Royalty
  • Duke Carl Eduard of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  • Hereditary Prince Josias of Waldeck und Pyrmont
  • Prince Philipp of Hesse
  • Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria
  • Edward, the Duke of Windsor
  • Prince Friedrich Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe
  • Luise, Dowager Duchess of Anhalt-Dessau
  • Victoria Melita, Grand Duchess Cyril of Russia

13
Duke Carl Eduardof Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  • Birth as British Prince (grandson of Queen
    Victoria)
  • Nazi wedding of his daughter (Princess Sibylle)
    in 1932
  • The NSKK and SA
  • Presidency of the German Red Cross

14
Hereditary Prince Josiasof Waldeck und Pyrmont
  • Röhm Purge of 1934
  • High SS office in Thuringia (with oversight of
    Buchenwald)
  • Allied conviction for crimes against humanity
  • Relationship to Duke Carl Eduard

15
One may draw from the study of history the lesson
that the age of princes is over. . . . For two
hundred years we have been watching the
decomposition of this system.  The princely
houses have retained nothing but their
pretensions.  With these they traffic, and by
these they live. . . . If one day we had time to
waste, it would be a curious study, that of these
princely families, to see how they maintained
themselves in power, despite their internal
struggles.  Their wars always had the most
exalted motives.  In reality, it was always a
question of odd patches of land, whose possession
was bitterly disputed.  How much Europe has had
to suffer, for eight hundred years, from these
practices and, especially and above all,
Germany! Adolf Hitler
16
Prince Philipp of Hesse
  • Son-in-Law of King Vittorio Emanuele III
  • Nazi Oberpräsident of Hesse-Nassau, 1933-1943
  • Intermediary between Hitler and Mussolini
  • Nazi prisoner after Italian surrender, 1943-1945
    (his wife died in Buchenwald in 1944)
  • Allied prisoner after war

17
Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria
  • Married to a daughter of King Vittorio Emanuele
    III of Italy
  • Declared war against the Western Allies but not
    against the Soviet Union
  • Refused to surrender Bulgarias Jews to the Nazis
  • Possibly poisoned by Hitler in 1943

18
Neutral RoyaltySweden
  • Pro-German King Gustav V of Sweden
  • Pro-British Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden
  • Pro-German Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden
    (son-in-law of Duke Carl Eduard)

19
Royal Resistance
  • Mussolinis Nemesis
  • King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy
  • Boy-King Saviors
  • King Peter II of Yugoslavia
  • King Michael I of Romania
  • German Monarchist Resistance

20
King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy
  • October 31, 1922Mussolinis First Cabinet
  • July 24-25, 1943Mussolinis Overthrow
  • May 9, 1946Kings Abdication

21
King Michael I of Romania
  • September 6, 1940King Carol II is deposed by
    Fascist Iron Guard and pro-German army.
  • King Michael is helpless puppet of pro-German
    Marshal Ion Antonescu.
  • August 23, 1944King Michael leads palace coup
    and declares armistice.

22
German Monarchist Resistance
  • Bavarian Separatists
  • Austrian Separatists
  • The German Resistance
  • Colonel-General (retd.) Ludwig Beck
  • Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben, Admiral
    Wilhelm Canaris, and other senior military
    leaders
  • Ambassador Ulrich von Hassell, Ernst von
    Weiszäcker, Dr. Johannes Popitz, and other senior
    bureaucrats
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Dr. Klaus Bonhoeffer, Dr.
    Josef Wirmer, and other progressive Christian
    leaders
  • Ernst von Harnack, Wilhelm Leuschner, and other
    socialist leaders

23
Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria
  • Near-restoration in March 1933
  • Bavaria Watch (1937-1939)
  • Gestapo surveillance and disappearance on June
    17, 1944
  • Arrest of Crown Princess Antonia on July 27, 1944

24
Archduke Otto of Austria
  • Near-restoration in 1938
  • Exile in America
  • Friendship with President Roosevelt
  • Work in war propaganda

25
The House of Hohenzollern
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II and Kaiserin Hermine
  • Crown Prince William of Prussia
  • Prince William of Prussia (killed in action in
    1940)
  • Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia
  • Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia
  • Prince Adalbert of Prussia, Count Lingen
  • Prince August Wilhelm (Auwi) of Prussia
  • Prince Alexander Ferdinand of Prussia
  • Prince Oskar of Prussia
  • Prince Oskar of Prussia (killed in action in
    1939)
  • Viktoria Luise, Duchess of Brunswick
  • Prince Ernst August of Hanover

26
Kaiser Wilhelm II
  • Courted by Göring before the War
  • Married to Pro-Nazi Empress Hermine
  • Refused British offer of asylum in 1940
  • Congratulated Hitler on the defeat of France
  • Added a codicil to his will refusing to be buried
    in Germany or to have swastikas displayed at
    funeral

27
Crown Prince William of Prussia
  • Publicly supported Hitlers bid for Reich
    President in 1932
  • Participated in the opening of the first Nazi
    Reichstag in Potsdams Garrison Church in 1933
  • Publicly congratulated Hitler on his military
    victories
  • Linked to German Resistance
  • All but arrested after July 20, 1944

28
Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia
Could a rebel prince have successfully opposed
Hitler?  Of all the might-have-beens in Europe,
Louis Ferdinands is the most tragic case not
for him personally, for he never burned with the
desire to reclaim the throne but for the world,
which would have taken an imponderably different
shape had he been called upon to rule.
Charles Fenyvesi
29
Fate of Allied Royalty
  • Victims of Soviet Expansion
  • King Peter II of Yugoslavia
  • King Michael II of Romania
  • Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria
  • Victims of Western Embarrassment andInternal
    Communist Agitation
  • King George II of the Hellenes
  • King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy
  • King Zog I of Albania
  • Victim of a Western Slur Campaign
  • King Leopold III of the Belgians

30
King Leopold III of the Belgians
  • May 24, 1940 King refuses to flee Belgium.
  • May 28, 1940 King surrenders, and Allies begin
    to attack him in radio broadcasts.
  • Winter 1940 King visits Hitler at
    Berchtesgaden.
  • Autumn 1941 King marries Lilian Baels.
  • May 1945 King is released from Nazi captivity
    in Austria.
  • July 22, 1950 King returns to Belgium.
  • August 1, 1950 Abdication

31
Fate of German Monarchism
  • Victims of Nazi Vengeance
  • The Conspirators of July 20, 1944
  • Victims of Western Suspicion/Neglect
  • Dr. Fritz Schäffer in Bavaria (September 1945)
  • The Guelph Party (NLP) in Hanover (August 1946)
  • Archduke Otto of Austria and Karl Renner
  • Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia
  • The Bavarian of Christmas 1945
  • 1951 Poll
  • 1968 Quick/Bild Zeitung Poll

32
Post-War Monarchism in Spain Why?
  • A way to legitimize the post-war Franco regime in
    the eyes of the Allies?
  • A logical extension of the authoritarian
    conservatism of Fascism?
  • A Trojan horse in democracys fight against
    Fascism?
About PowerShow.com