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World War II: The Good War

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Deaths in World War II. The Allies. France 563,000. Great Britain 357,000. Poland 5,800,000 ... the War Economy. FEDERAL BUDGET AND WORLD WAR II. Revenue ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War II: The Good War


1
World War II The Good War
  • April 23, 2007
  • History 203

2
Assignment on Scopes Trial Paper
  • Instructions for the Scopes Trial paper are at
    http//www.uoregon.edu/dapope/203scopes.htm.
  • The paper is due at class time on Monday, April
    30.

3
Some Websites on the U.S. and World War II
  • Giant World War II Time Line
  • Hyperwaranother huge WW2 website
  • PBS Website on Conscientious Objectors to the
    Good War
  • Exhibits on Japanese-American internment
  • Children of the Camps, PBS website
  • A comprehensive website on internment
  • Photo exhibit
  • Detailed, illustrated history of Manzanar camp

4
FDRs Road to Intervention
  • Munich 1938England and France accept German
    demand to annex part of Czechoslovakia. Policy
    is called AppeasementBritish Prime Minister
    Chamberlain says agreement will bring peace in
    our time.

5
FDRs Road to Intervention
  • Shifting Public Opinion
  • War Fears and Anti-Nazi Sentiment
  • Joe Louis KOs Max Schmeling, 1938. FDR says,
    "Joe, we need muscles like yours to beat Germany"
  • The War of the World broadcast 1938 (hear a
    clip from this)
  • America Firstanti interventionists organize

6
War in Europe, Tensions with Japan, 1939-41
Nazi soldiers march through Warsaw, 1939
British Kids eat vegetables from U.S.
lend-lease aid FDR and Winston Churchill
confer, 1941.
7
FDRs Road to Intervention
  • In the 1940 Presidential campaign, Roosevelt
    campaigned by promising, Your boys are not going
    to be sent into any foreign wars. But
  • Preparing for conflict
  • U. S. Re-armament
  • Destroyer-bases deal
  • Lend-lease
  • Selective Service (passed in Congress by only one
    vote, July 1940)

8
Toward Pearl Harbor
  • Japans turn towards war
  • Americas racial and economic fears
  • Diplomatic maneuvering
  • Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941

9
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10
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11
Deaths in World War II
  • The Allies
  • France 563,000
  • Great Britain 357,000
  • Poland 5,800,000
  • U.S.S.R. 18,000,000
  • U.S.A. 298,000
  • Note Estimates on both sides are not precise and
    sources differ
  • The Axis
  • Germany 4,200,000
  • Italy 395,000
  • Japan 1,972,000

12
The Home Front
  • Roosevelt From Dr. New Deal to Dr.
    Win-the-War
  • How well did the United States do in preserving
    and promoting in our own country the ideals we
    were fighting for in the world?

13
Japanese Internment
  • Japanese-Americans on the West Coast
  • Fear of attack
  • Executive Order 9066, Feb. 1942
  • Manzanar Relocation Camp in photo

14
Internment Camps USA
15
Images of Internment
16
Images of Internment
17
Images of Internment
  • Dust Storm at Manzanar Internment Camp

18
Images of Internment
  • Minidoka Camp

19
Life in the Internment Camps
  • Isolation and separation
  • Showing loyaltyJapanese-American volunteers
  • The no-no boys
  • Gradual release, property loss and dislocation
  • Epilogue The movement for redress and the Civil
    Liberties Act of 1988

20
Total War and the Economy
21
Why We Fight Morale and Propaganda on the Home
Front
22
Images of the Enemy
23
A War Economy
  • War as Depression Cure?
  • Growth of Big Government
  • Government spending and taxing
  • A Military-Industrial Complex
  • A Changing Labor Force
  • Fair Employment Practices CommissionRacial
    discrimination banned on Federal contracts
  • Women workers Rosie the Riveter and others

24
Statistics on the War Economy
  • FEDERAL BUDGET AND WORLD WAR II
  •                 Revenue                           
                             Expenditure
  • 1939             6.6 billion                    
                                 9.4 billion
  • 1945                50.2 billion                  
                                    95.2 billion
  •  
  • UNEMPLOYMENT
  • 1940        14.1
  • 1944          1.2
  •  
  • NATIONAL DEBT AS PERCENT OF TOTAL OUTPUT
  • 1940        43
  • 1945       123
  •  
  • PROPORTION OF WOMEN  IN PAID LABOR FORCE
  • 1940        19.4
  • 1945        36.3
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