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LORD

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26:17-20, 'On the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the disciples came ... I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LORD


1
LORDS SUPPER
2
LORDS SUPPER DEFINITION
  • WCF 291, Our Lord Jesus, in the night wherein
    he was betrayed, instituted the sacrament of his
    body and blood, called the Lords Supper, to be
    observed in his church unto the end of the world,
    for the perpetual remembrance of the sacrifice of
    himself in his death, the sealing of all benefits
    thereof unto true believers, their spiritual
    nourishment and growth in him, their further
    engagement in and to all duties which they owe
    unto him, and to be a bond and pledge their
    communion with him, and with each other, as
    members of his mystical body.

3
LORDS SUPPER SCRIPTURE
  • Earliest recorded account I Cor. 1123-25. For
    I received from the Lord what I also passed on to
    you The Lord Jesus, on the night he was
    betrayed, took bread, and when he had given
    thanks, he broke it and said, this is my body,
    which is for you do this in remembrance of me.
    In the same way, after supper he took the cup,
    saying, This cup is the new covenant in my
    blood do this, whenever you drink it, in
    remembrance of me. For whenever you eat this
    bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lords
    death until he comes.

4
LORDS SUPPER SCRIPTURE
  • The Synoptic gospels record its origin
  • Matt. 2626-8 While they were eating, Jesus
    took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it
    to his disciples, saying, Take and eat this is
    my body. Then he took the cup, gave thanks, and
    offered it to them, saying, Drink from it, all
    of you. This is my blood of the covenant, which
    is poured out for many for the forgiveness of
    sins.
  • Mark 1422-24 While they were eating, Jesus
    took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it
    to his disciples, saying, Take it this is my
    body. Then he took the cup, gave thanks, and
    offered it to them, and they all drank from it.
    This is my blood of the covenant, which is
    poured out for many, he said to them.

5
LORDS SUPPER SCRIPTURE
  • Luke 2219-20 And he took bread, gave thanks
    and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, This
    is my body given for you do this in remembrance
    of me. In the same way, after the supper he
    took the cup, saying, This cup is the new
    covenant in my blood, which is poured out for
    you.

6
LORDS SUPPER SCRIPTURE
  • No direct reference in Johns gospel
  • But see chapter 6 and its Eucharistic
    implications
  • John 651, he speaks of the Living Bread that
    came down from heaven, which bread is his flesh
  • John 653, unless you eat the flesh of the Son
    of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in
    you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood
    has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the
    last day. For my flesh is real food and my blood
    is real drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks
    my blood remains in me, and I in him.
  • But, cf. with 663, The Spirit gives life the
    flesh counts for nothing.

7
LORDS SUPPER AND PASSOVER
  • Matt. 2617-20, On the first day of the Feast of
    Unleavened Bread, the disciples came to Jesus and
    asked, Where do you want us to make preparations
    for you to eat the Passover? He replied, Go
    into the city to a certain man and tell him, The
    Teacher says My appointed time is near. I am
    going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples
    at your house. So the disciples did as Jesus
    had directed them and prepared the Passover. When
    evening came, Jesus was reclining at the table
    with the Twelve.

8
LORDS SUPPER AND PASSOVER
  • Luke 2215-6, And he said to them, I have
    eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you
    before I suffer. For I tell you, I will not eat
    it again until it finds fulfillment in the
    kingdom of God.
  • I Cor. 57-8, Get rid of the old yeast that you
    may be a new batch without yeast-- as you really
    are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been
    sacrificed. Therefore let us keep the Festival,
    not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and
    wickedness, but with bread without yeast, the
    bread of sincerity and truth.

9
LORDS SUPPER TERMS
  • In the Book of Acts, it is called, breaking
    bread, Acts 242 207
  • Paul uses several terms
  • the feast, I Cor. 58
  • the bread and the cup, I Cor. 1016
  • communion, I Cor. 1016-7
  • the table of the Lord, I Cor. 1021
  • the Lords Supper, I Cor. 1120
  • Possibly a veiled reference to the supper in
    neither shall he eat, II Thess. 310
  • It is called a love (feast), Jude 12

10
LORDS SUPPER R. C. View
  • Transubstantiation
  • The essence (substance) of the bread and wine
    actually changes into physical body and blood of
    Christ
  • Accidents, or appearance of the elements
    remains the same
  • Therefore, after the consecration of bread and
    wine, our Lord Jesus Christ, true God and true
    man, is truly, really and substantially contained
    in the august sacrament of the Holy Eucharist
    under the appearance of those sensible things.
    Trent, Decree Concerning the Most Holy
    Eucharist, I. Canons and Decrees of the Council
    of Trent
  • Eating and drinking the elements actually brings
    Christ into the person, bringing all the grace
    promised

11
LORDS SUPPER R. C. View
  • This view is contradicted by the WCF, 292,5-6
  • 292 In this sacrament, Christ is not offered up
    to His Father nor any real sacrifice made at
    all, for remission of sins of the quick or dead
    but only a commemoration of that one offering up
    of Himself, by Himself, upon the cross, once for
    all and a spiritual oblation of all possible
    praise unto God, for the same, so that the popish
    sacrifice of the mass (as they call it) is most
    abominably injurious to Christ's one, only
    sacrifice, the alone propitiation for all the
    sins of His elect.

12
LORDS SUPPER R. C. View
  • 29.5 The outward elements in this sacrament,
    duly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ,
    have such relation to Him crucified, as that,
    truly, yet sacramentally only, they are sometimes
    called by the name of the things they represent,
    to wit, the body and blood of Christ albeit, in
    substance and nature, they still remain truly and
    only bread and wine, as they were before. 29.6
    That doctrine which maintains a change of the
    substance of bread and wine, into the substance
    of Christ's body and blood (commonly called
    transubstantiation) by consecration of a priest,
    or by any other way, repugnant, not to Scripture
    alone, but even to common sense, and reason
    overthroweth the nature of the sacrament, and
    hath been, and is, the cause of manifold
    superstitions yea, of gross idolatries.

13
LORDS SUPPER R. C. View
  • TRANSUBSTANTIATION- An Evaluation
  • The distinction between substance and
    accidents is clearly Aristotelian
  • It is without biblical warrant
  • John 663 indicates that all benefit is
    spiritual

14
LORDS SUPPER Lutheran View
  • Martin Luther rejected the Roman Catholic idea of
    transubstantiation
  • But- he still believed that Christ was
    corporeally present in the elements
  • The term used to describe this, although disliked
    by many Lutherans, is consubstantiation
  • The essence of the bread and wine remain
  • The corporeal body of Christ is present in,
    with, and under the elements, much as light is
    present in air, or fire is present in red, hot
    iron

15
LORDS SUPPER Lutheran View
  • Lutheran thinking is dependent on the notion of
    the ubiquity of Christs body and the word is
    (estin) in the words of institution
  • Lutherans believe that grace is given to the one
    who partakes in faith, through the elements and
    the accompanying word
  • The WCF 297, and L.C. 170 speak against
    consubstantiation. It is theologically
    problematic to base special significance for the
    Lords Supper in a supposed ubiquity of Christs
    body
  • The word is often is used metaphorically,
    meaning represents, as in , I am the door

16
LORDS SUPPER Zwinglian View
  • Takes the Lords Supper to be only a memorial
    ordinance
  • There is no promise of grace other than that
    which comes through obedience to any command
  • The focus is on our act of remembrance
  • The elements are symbolic

17
LORDS SUPPER Reformed View
  • WCF 291 Our Lord Jesus, in the night wherein
    He was betrayed, instituted the sacrament of His
    body and blood, called the Lord's Supper, to be
    observed in His Church, unto the end of the world
    for the perpetual remembrance of the sacrifice of
    Himself in His death, the sealing all benefits
    thereof unto true believers, their spiritual
    nourishment and growth in Him, their further
    engagement in and to all duties which they owe
    unto Him and, to be a bond and pledge of their
    communion with Him, and with each other, as
    members of His mystical body.

18
LORDS SUPPER Reformed View
  • WCF 297 Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking
    of the visible elements, in this sacrament, do
    then also, inwardly by faith, really and indeed,
    yet not carnally and corporally but spiritually,
    receive, and feed upon, Christ crucified, and all
    benefits of His death the body and blood of
    Christ being then, not corporally or carnally,
    in, with, or under the bread and wine yet, as
    really, but spiritually, present to the faith of
    believers in that ordinance, as the elements
    themselves are to their outward senses.

19
LORDS SUPPER Reformed View
  • The Reformed view denies both the doctrines of
    transubstantiation and consubstantiation
  • It affirms that the sacrament exhibits and
    conveys grace to the elect who exercise faith and
    obedience in receiving it
  • The giving of grace is always subject to Gods
    will
  • Grace, however, operates directly on the spirit
    of the believer, not through material elements
  • Sacramental Grace is identical to grace conveyed
    through other means

20
LORDS SUPPER Recipients
  • In the Reformed view, generally, the recipients
    of the Lords Supper are limited to professing
    believers who have been baptized and admitted
    into membership in the visible church
  • Some provision is made in the PCUSA (and UMC) to
    admit baptized children to the Lords Supper
    regardless of age
  • Furthermore, some PCA and OPC congregations in
    recent years practiced paedocommunion, although
    this is now officially forbidden (See Peter
    Leithart, Daddy, Why Was I Excommunicated?)

21
LORDS SUPPER Recipients
  • The NT emphasizes the necessity of an acceptable
    witness in ones life in order to participate in
    the Lords Supper
  • I Cor. 56-7, Your boasting is not good. Don't
    you know that a little yeast works through the
    whole batch of dough? Get rid of the old yeast
    that you may be a new batch without yeast-- as
    you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb,
    has been sacrificed
  • I Cor. 513, God will judge those outside.
    Expel the wicked man from among you

22
LORDS SUPPER Recipients
  • I Cor. 1021, You cannot drink the cup of the
    Lord and the cup of demons too you cannot have a
    part in both the Lord's table and the table of
    demons
  • I Cor. 1127-29, Therefore, whoever eats the
    bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an
    unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against
    the body and blood of the Lord. A man ought to
    examine himself before he eats of the bread and
    drinks of the cup. For anyone who eats and
    drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord
    eats and drinks judgment on himself.

23
LORDS SUPPER Recipients
  • II Thess. 36, In the name of the Lord Jesus
    Christ, we command you, brothers, to keep away
    from every brother who is idle and does not live
    according to the teaching you received from us
  • II Thess. 314-15, If anyone does not obey our
    instruction in this letter, take special note of
    him. Do not associate with him, in order that he
    may feel ashamed. Yet do not regard him as an
    enemy, but warn him as a brother

24
LORDS SUPPER Recipients
  • WCF 298, Although ignorant and wicked men
    receive the outward elements in this sacrament
    yet, they receive not the thing signified
    thereby but, by their unworthy coming thereunto,
    are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, to
    their own damnation. Wherefore, all ignorant and
    ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy
    communion with Him, so are they unworthy of the
    Lord's table and cannot, without great sin
    against Christ, while they remain such, partake
    of these holy mysteries, or be admitted
    thereunto.

25
LORDS SUPPER Recipients
  • L.C. 173, May any who profess his faith, and
    desire to come to the Lord's Supper, be kept from
    it? A. Such as are found to be ignorant or
    scandalous, notwithstanding their profession of
    the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's
    supper, may and ought to be kept from that
    sacrament, by the power which Christ hath left in
    his church, until they receive instruction and
    manifest their reformation.

26
LORDS SUPPER Recipients
  • Assurance of salvation not required for Lords
    Supper.
  • L.C. 172, May one who doubteth of his being in
    Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the
    Lord's supper? A. One who doubteth of his being
    in Christ, or of his due preparation to the
    sacrament of the Lord's supper, may have true
    interest in Christ, though he be not yet assured
    thereof and in God's account hath it, if he be
    duly affected with the apprehension of the want
    of it, and unfeignedly desires to be found in
    Christ, and to depart from iniquity in which
    case (because promises are made, and this
    sacrament is appointed, for the relief even of
    weak and doubting Christians he is to bewail his
    unbelief, and labour to have his doubts resolved
    and, so doing, he may and ought to come to the
    Lord's supper, that he may be further
    strengthened.

27
LORDS SUPPER Recipient
  • WCF 293-4, The Lord Jesus hath, in his
    ordinance, appointed His ministers to declare His
    word of institution to the people to pray, and
    bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby
    to set them apart from a common to an holy use
    and to take and break bread, to take the cup and
    (they communicating also themselves) to give both
    to the communicants but to none who are not then
    present in the congregation. Private masses, or
    receiving this sacrament by a priest, or any
    other, alone, as likewise, the denial of the cup
    to the people, worshipping the elements, the
    lifting them up, or carrying them about, for
    adoration, and the reserving them for any
    pretended religious use are all contrary to the
    nature of this sacrament, and to the institution
    of Christ.

28
LORDS SUPPER
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