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Diapositiva 1


... about hearts and last notes signed 'from your Valentine', as is sometimes ... of the heart that have been so beautifully penned in honour of St Valentine. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Diapositiva 1

St Valentine
The magic of first love is our ignorance that can
never end Benjamin Disraeli
(No Transcript)
Saint Valentine
Love is a game that two can play and win
Eva Gabor
(No Transcript)
In The Golden Legend
  • The Legenda Aurea of Jacobus de Voragine,
    compiled about 1260 and one of the most-read
    books of the High Middle Ages, gives sufficient
    details of the saints and for each day of the
    liturgical year to inspire a homily on each
    occasion. The very brief vita of St Valentine has
    him refusing to deny Christ before the "Emperor
    Claudiusin the year 280. Before his head was cut
    off, this Valentine restored sight and hearing to
    the daughter of his jailer. Jacobus makes a play
    with the etymology of "Valentine", "as containing
    valour".The Legenda Aurea does not contain
    anything about hearts and last notes signed "from
    your Valentine", as is sometimes suggested in
    modern works of sentimental piety. Many of the
    current legends surrounding them appear in the
    late Middle Ages in France and England, when the
    feast day of February 14 became associated with
    romantic love.

  • The origins of the most popular customs
    associated with Saint Valentine's Day almost
    certainly trace their roots to a conventional
    belief generally accepted in England and France
    during the Middle Ages that on February 14
    (halfway through the second month of the year),
    the birds began choose their mates. The reason
    for this assumption is somewhat clouded, but may
    be related to the fact that the first songbirds
    which traditionally warble after a blustery
    winter tend to debut in mid-February. One of the
    earliest written examples of this belief was
    penned by Geoffrey Chaucer (1340/45-1400), in his
    "Parliament of Fowls," the literal meaning of
    which is "Meeting of Birds". Chaucer's poem was
    penned to honour the grand wedding of Richard II
    of England to Anne of Bohemia, which took place
    in January of 1382 and is generally regarded as
    one of the most successful and loving royal
    marriages of the Middle Ages.This custom was also
    recorded by Michael Drayton (1563-1631), an
    English poet from Warwickshire, in his poem
    entitled "To His Valentine" and again by Robert
    Herrick (1591-1674), generally considered to be
    the greatest of the Cavalier poets.
  • In Great Britain during the 1700s, one very
    popular custom on the Eve of Valentine's Day, was
    for ladies to pin five bay leaves sprinkled with
    rose water to their pillows, one leaf pinnned to
    the center and one to each corner. Eggs with salt
    replacing the removed yokes were then consumed
    before retiring for the evening. Before going to
    sleep, the lady would recite the following little
    prayer "Good valentine, be kind to me In
    dreams, let me my true love see." If this charm
    worked, then the lady would see her future
    husband in her dreams.

The symbols
  • Symbols associated with Valentine's Day include
    lace love knots lovebirds and doves hearts,
    hands and "X"s.

  • Lace, frills and ribbons have long been
    associated with the concept of romance,
    originating from the days of chivalry when a
    knight rode into battle sporting a ribbon or
    scarf presented to him by his "fair lady." Lace
    has been used throughout history in the making of
    women's handkerchiefs. In centuries gone by, if a
    lady dropped her handkerchief, a man might pick
    retrieve it for her and it was not unusual for a
    lady to intentionally drop her handkerchief into
    the path of an attractive man in order to
    encourage his attention. The literal definition
    of the word "lace" is to "snare" or "noose."

  • Love knots, consisting of a series of winding and
    interlacing loops which have no beginning and no
    end, are traditional symbols of everlasting love.
    Love knots were customarily made from ribbon or
    drawn on paper and presented to sweethearts.

  • Lovebirds...small parrots with colorful plumage
    found in Africa. They are so named because they
    tend to sit closely together in pairs.
  • Doves...common urban birds, shy and gentle by
    nature, with a distinctive "cooing" call. They
    symbolize loyalty, fidelity and love since they
    mate for life and share in the nurturing of their
    young. The dove was a bird sacred to Venus and
    other cultural love deities. It was once thought
    that to dream of a dove was a promise of
    happiness and wishes made when the first dove
    appeared in Springtime were once considered to be
    assured of coming true.

  • It was formerly believed that the heart was the
    core of all human emotions. Accordingly, the
    giving of a heart signified the giving of
    everything. Although the Ancients were unware
    that the heart pumps blood through the
    circulatory system, they did know that a heart
    would beat faster when an individual was excited
    or upset and thus, thought the heart was the
    center of feelings. Throughout the ages, it has
    remained a symbol of love and the ancient belief
    linger still in such sayings as "It does my
    heart good," "I'm broken-hearted," and "sick at

  • The hands of a lady has been a favourite
    valentine decoration for many years and is
    thought to depict desirable feminine qualities.
    The beauty of the image is often enhanced by the
    addition of a frilled cuff and/or a jeweled ring
    on the third finger. Clasped hands are said to
    represent those of Queen Victoria and her
    consort, Prince Albert, the symbol of friendship
    between their respective countries of England and

  • The tradition of using an "X" to represent a kiss
    began with the Medieval practice of allowing
    those who could not write to sign documents with
    an "X". This was done prior to documents being
    witnessed and the signer would place a kiss upon
    the "X" to indicate sincerity. Thus, the letter
    "X" came to be synonymous with a kiss until, with
    the passage of time, this letter of the alphabet
    was commonly used at the end of correspondence to
    indicate a kiss.

We loved with a love,that was more than love
Allan Poe
St Valentine's Day Recipes
  • Pink Ribbon Sandwiches
  • sliced breadpink cream cheese (made by adding
    red food coloring to the cream cheese)deviled
    hamblended cheeses - 1/2 cup of cottage cheese,
    1/2 cup of ricotta cheese, 1/4 cup of feta or
    blue cheese blended togetherpeanut butter and
    jellybologna or other meatsliced tomatoes and
  • 1. Start by stacking layers of bread and filling.
    Until five layers high and cut of all the crusts.
  • 2. Now spread four slices of bread with your
    choice of fillings. Stack them up and the last
    piece of plain bread goes on top.
  • 3. Wrap in wax paper and refrigerate for an hour
    so as to make it easier to cut into slices.
  • 4. Slice into four equal strips. Then lay these
    on the side so as to show of the filling which
    looks like ribbons.

  • Gelatin Dessert
  • 1 package of gelatin dessertwaterfruit
  • 1. Follow the package instructions and then add
    the fruit you have chosen.

  • Heartshaped Pizza
  • package of ready-made pizza dough1/2 cup of
    tomato saucecheesepeppers, mushroom, salami,
    olives, onions, anchovies
  • 1. Unroll the dough on a cookie sheet. With a
    knife cut a heart shape. With the excess dough
    create a rim around the edge of the heart-shaped
  • 2. Spread the tomato paste over the pizza base
    and sprinkle with cheese.
  • 3. Now start adding the toppings of your choice.
  • 4. Bake the pizza according to the instructions
    on the package. Cook for about 20-25 minutes.

Valentine Fizz bright red fruit juicesoda or
seltzerslices of lemon, lime or orangeice cube
tray 1. Make up trays consisting of the juices
you wish to make into cubes. 2. Place the trays
in the freezer. 3. Mix together even amounts of
red juice and the soda or seltzer into a glass
and add the juice cubes. 4. On top of the drink
place a slice of lemon, lime or orange to add a
bit of festivity.
  • Pink Sorbet
  • 2 cups of fresh or frozen fruit(frozen
    strawberries best)1/4 cup of water1 tbl of
    lemon juice
  • 1. Place the fruit, sugar, water, and lemon juice
    into the blender or in a bowl and blend it all
    until it is all slushy.
  • 2. Pour the mixture into a container and place it
    in the freezer for about an hour.
  • 3. Take it out of the freezer and blend it again
    until smooth.
  • 4. Place it back into freezer until ready to

  • Verses and Valentine greetings were popular as
    far back as the Middle Ages, when lovers said or
    sang their valentines. Written valentines began
    to appear after 1400. The oldest "valentine" in
    existence was made in the 1400's and is in the
    British Museum.
  • Paper valentines were exchanged in Europe where
    they were given in place of Valentine gifts.
    Paper valentines were especially popular in
    England. Early valentines were made by hand and
    were made with colored paper, watercolors, and
    colored inks.

  • Valentines in Britain
  • In Britain can be found so many verses of love
    and affairs of the heart that have been so
    beautifully penned in honour of St Valentine.
  • In Britain various parts of the kingdom celebrate
    their own customs and as the day approached all
    magazines were readying for the day that they
    published sonnets and verses to commemorate St
    Valentine's Day.

  • Valentines in America
  • In America there have been many different forms
    of cards given on Valentine's Day over the years.
  • There were many Valentines that were especially
    lithographed and hand-coloured, beautiful in
    there design and that had a distinction of their
    own. Many cards were imported from overseas due
    to the paper being of poor quality and not
    suitable for embossing.
  • There were many cards that were produced with
    intricate lace paper, decorated with ornaments
    such as beads, sea shells, cones, berries, and
    all different kinds of seeds. Some may even have
    seaweed or moss with dried flowers or artificial
    flowers which was all attached to a string so
    they could be hung creating a three dimensional


  • There were many different types of handmade
    valentines, including

  • Acrostic valentines had verses in which the
    first lines spelled out the loved one's name.

  • Cutout valentines made by folding the paper
    several times and then cutting out a lacelike
    design with small, sharp, pointed scissors.

  • Pinprick valentines made by pricking tiny holes
    in a paper with a pin or needle. creating the
    look of lace.
  • Theorem or Poonah valentines designs that were
    painted through a stencil cut in oil paper, a
    style that came from the Orient.
  • Rebus valentines verses in which tiny pictures
    take the place of some of the words. (an eye
    would take the place of the word I).

  • Puzzle Purse valentines a folded puzzle to read
    and refold. Among their many folds were verses
    that had to be read in a certain order.
  • Fraktur valentines had ornamental lettering in
    the style of illuminated manuscripts of the
    Middle Ages.

Love's Secret Never seek to tell thy love, Love
that never told can be
  • For the gentle wind doth moveSilently,
  • I told my love, I told my love,I told her all my

Trembling, cold, in ghastly fears,
Ah! she did depart! Soon after she
was gone from me,A traveller came by,Silently,
invisiblyHe took her with a sigh. - William

  • Meeting at Night
  • The grey sea and the long black land And the
    yellow half-moon large and lot
    And the
    startled little waves that leap In
    fiery ringlets from their sleep, As I gain
    the cove with pushing prow,And quench its speed
    i' the slushy sand.

then a mile of warm sea-scented beach Three
fields to cross till a farm appearsA tap at the
pane, the quick sharp scratchAnd blue spurt of a
lighted match,And a voice less loud, thro' its
joys and fears,Than the two hearts beating each
to each! - Robert Browning
14th February 2008 by 1H
(No Transcript)
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