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The MODERN Age

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The Dawn of a New Era 'We all feel motherless today..We are to have no more of little mysterious ... January 22, 1901 = Queen Victoria dies. leaves throne to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The MODERN Age


1
For today's class
you will need the following
1. Spiral for notes 2. Pen / pencil
2
The MODERN Age
  • Twentieth-Century
  • History and Short Stories

3
The Dawn of a New Era
  • We all feel motherless today..We are to have no
    more of little mysterious Victoria.
  • reigned for 63 years
  • January 22, 1901 Queen Victoria dies
  • leaves throne to son, Edward VII
  • Edward Entente Cordiale nice agreement
  • rules for only 9 years
  • George V takes over

4
  • 1914 - WWI
  • 1936 - Edward VIII abdicates George VI becomes
    king
  • 1939 - Britain declares war on Germany
  • 1940 - Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister
  • 1941- U.S. enters WWII
  • 1952 - Elizabeth II becomes queen
  • 1961- East Germany builds a Berlin Wall
  • 1973 - U.S. troops withdraw from Vietnam
  • Germany opens Berlin Wall
  • 1994 - Chunnel opens tunnel under the English
    Channel linking England France
  • Soviet Union is dissolved

5
The Modern Life
  • 1905 - the Ritz Hotel in London is constructed
    Englands 1st steel building
  • 1913 - suffragists demonstrate in London
  • 1920 - 1st postwar Olympic games held in Belgium
  • 1922 - discovery of penicillin
  • 1931 - surrealists, Salvador Dali paints
    Persistence of Memory
  • 1952 - British atomic bomb announced
  • 1957 - satellites, Sputnik I II are launched

6
I Want to Hold Your Hand
1963
7
I HAVE A DREAM!
1963
8
The GROOVEY FASHIONS of the1960s
9
Microsoft
1975
10
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11
1992 Women Ordained as Priests in Great Britain
12
History is for human self-knowledge. Knowing
yourself means knowing, first, what it is to be a
person secondly, knowing what it is to be the
kind of person your are and thirdly,knowing
what you can do and since nobody knows what they
can do until they try, the only clue to what man
can do is what man has done.. The value of
history, then, is that it teaches us what man has
done and thus what man is.
History is for human self-knowledge.
13
Knowing yourself means knowing...
14
FIRST,
What it is to be a person
15
SECONDLY,
Knowing what it is to be the kind of person you
are
16
THIRDLY,
Knowing what it is to be the person you are
nobody else is.
17
Knowing yourself means knowing what you can do
and since nobody knows what they can do until
they try, the only clue to what man can do is
what man has done.
18
The value of history, then, is that it teaches us
what man has done and thus what man is.
Robin Collingwood, 1889-1943, British Philosopher
19
The Modern Short Story
  • Literature from 1900 to the Present
  • You must take extensive notes.
  • You will use these notes when
  • writing a critical analysis paper.

20
Characteristics of the Modern Short Story
  • Turns away from the extraordinary the
    spectacular
  • Turns to the EVERDAY (presentation of everyday
    moments involving ordinary people in predictable
    settings.

21
CRITICAL ELEMENTS
  • PLOT ceases telling the story in the
    traditional beginning - middle - end
  • the essence is to portray the individual moment,
    scene, or person in isolation from the outside
    stream of life
  • represents a slice of life

22
CRITICAL ELEMENTS
  • CHARACTER focuses on the inward, personal, and
    subjective experience of individuals
  • LANGUAGE extensive use of symbols and stream of
    consciousness

23
TECHNIQUES to KNOW
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL INSIGHTS to character through
  • stream of consciousness inner monologue
  • characters gestures / actions
  • characters dialogue with other characters
  • what other characters say about the main
    character
  • what author says about the character

24
STREAM of CONSCIOUSNESS
  • inner dialogue
  • the attempt to imitate the natural flow of a
    characters
  • thoughts
  • feelings
  • reflections
  • memories
  • mental images as the characters experience them

25
Importance of the TITLE
  • Often gives clues about the storys ending
  • title of the story should be in quotation marks

26
Importance of the SETTING ATMOSPHERE
  • The time place
  • can be very specific or more general
  • can be very important to what happens in the
    story and how characters act
  • Ex. The story takes place in Mayberry, N.C. ( a
    very small town), in a school yard, during a week
    in Oct., in 1960.

27
CHARACTERS TRAITS
  • Characters are people/animals that control the
    action of the story
  • character TRAITS ATTITUDES PERSONALITIES of
    the characters
  • PROTAGONIST the central character on whom the
    action centers usually strives against an
    opposing force
  • ANTAGONIST a rival to the protagonist or an
    opposing force against the good

28
THEME
  • the main idea of the story
  • the main insight about life
  • Some stories have more than one possible theme
  • Ex. Facing your fears will help you overcome
    them.

29
POINT of VIEW
  • 1st person
  • told by a narrator using the pronouns I, we,
    our, us
  • gives personal validity to the story
  • usually only one-sided version of the story

30
POINT of VIEW
  • 2nd person
  • told by a narrator who addresses the reader using
    you.
  • not used as often as 1st or 3rd

31
POINT of VIEW
  • 3rd person
  • told by a DETACHED narrator using the pronouns
    he, she, they, them, etc
  • OMNISCIENT
  • narrator knows everything
  • can discuss feelings, emotions, memories of all
    the other characters

32
Third Person continued
  • Limited Omniscient
  • told through the viewpoint of a single character
    in 3rd person
  • narrator knows tells everything about the
    character

33
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34
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35
History will be kind to me, for I intend to write
it.
36
Adolf Hitler His Atrocities
  • In starting and waging war, it is not what is
    right that matters, but victory

37
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38
The Chunnel between England France
39
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40
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