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The stability and protection of the Roman Empire was shattered by:

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This was the name for the stable, self-sufficient economic system in the Middle Ages: ... amassed great wealth and many land holdings during the Middle Ages! ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The stability and protection of the Roman Empire was shattered by:


1
The stability and protection of the Roman Empire
was shattered by
  • Invasions of Barbarians.

2
This is the name for the system that arose in the
Middle Ages to provide security and protection on
a local level
  • FEUDALISM

3
A lord gave land to a vassal in exchange for
  • 1. Military service
  • 2. A percentage of crops
  • 3. Administration of courts
  • 4. Fee collection

4
The origin of serfdom in which people are bound
to work the land for a particular landowner is
  • The Roman Latifundia and Slavery system.

5
This was the name for the stable, self-sufficient
economic system in the Middle Ages
  • The Manor

6
The 3 major classes in the Middle Ages with their
separate roles
  • 1. The Clergy spiritual guidance
  • 2. The Nobles protection and justice
  • 3. The Peasants agricultural labor

7
Typically, the nobles attained their tiles and
lands in this manner
  • Inheritance

8
T or F The church could hold manor lands and
church officials could serve as vassals.
  • TRUE! The Catholic church amassed great wealth
    and many land holdings during the Middle Ages!

9
With his Carolingian Renaissance, this king
emphasized learning, Christianity and revived
Roman culture
  • Charlemagne

10
On Christmas Day of 800AD, this official crowned
Charlemagne, thus establishing the power of the
Church
  • POPE

11
Charlemagne was crowned with this title
  • Holy Roman Emperor

12
With powers such as excommunication and
interdict, this institution held authority over
Europeans
  • The Catholic Church

13
The name of the treaty that divided Charlemagnes
empire between his GRANDsons (although the SOL
says its between his sons, ARGH)
  • Treaty of Verdun

14
These defensive structures provided protection
from invaders such as the Vikings and Magyars
  • Castles

15
Viking and Magyars settled in 1._____________
while the Angles and Saxons settled in
2.____________.
  • 1. Mainland Europe
  • 2. England

16
Medieval society was an interesting combination
of these 3 traditions
  • Roman
  • Christian
  • Germanic

17
The concept of a united Christendom meant that
loyalty to the ________ came before loyalty to
the government.
  • Catholic Church

18
St. Benedict is a founder of a
  • Monastery

19
Monks were engaged in illumination and copying of
ancient manuscripts and helped to preserve
secular works from ancient
  • Greece and Rome

20
The Latin alphabet and the Christian faith were
carried to the Germanic tribes and the Celts by
________________
  • Missionaries

21
The parish priests administered the 7
___________, essential for salvation.
  • Sacraments

22
English king who united most of Medieval England
after he successfully conquered it
  • William the Conqueror

23
Law code of medieval England that applied to ALL
citizens, begun by Henry II
  • COMMON LAW

24
English king forced by nobles to sign the Magna
Carta which limited the kings powers
  • KING
  • JOHN

25
War between England and France that helped define
both as strong nations
  • 100
  • YEARS WAR

26
French king who established throne in Paris and
gradually gained control of all of France
  • HUGH CAPET

27
Peasant girl turned soldier who unified France
during the 100 Years War
  • JOAN
  • OF
  • ARC

28
Spanish monarchs who unified Spain as a Christian
nation by kicking out Jews and Muslim Moors
  • Ferdinand Isabella

29
Russian tsar who overthrew the Mongols, made his
capital in Moscow and expanded Russia
  • IVAN
  • THE
  • GREAT

30
Pope whose speech called for the Crusades
  • POPE URBAN II

31
Why the Pope called Christian soldiers to join
the Crusades
  • Muslims had taken Jerusalem

32
Outcome of the 1st Crusade
  • Christians re-captured Jerusalem but many
    returned home and Muslims took it back again

33
Muslim leader the Crusaders lost Jerusalem to
  • SALADIN

34
Why Crusaders sacked Constantinople in the 4th
Crusade
  • They wanted the citys wealth.

35
Population declined scarce labor decline of
feudalism Church loses influence trade decreased
  • Results of the Black Death

36
literate worked in monasteries translated
Classic works into Latin
  • CHURCH SCHOLARS

37
Increased demand for luxury items from Mid
East credit and banks now used
  • effects of the Crusades
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