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Roots of Democracy

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Castro. Island Reflection Questions ... Island Questions ... Rule of Philosopher Kings. Democracy = Rule of the Appetites. Aristocracy= Rule of the Rich ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Roots of Democracy


1
Roots of Democracy
  • World History
  • Castro

2
Island Reflection Questions
  • If this were a true experience, what parts of
    this activity do you think would be needed
    (rules, laws, rights, etc)? Why?
  • Based on your above answer, why do you think all
    nations/peoples develop some type of government?

3
Island Questions
  • Give an example during the activity when a
    majority of the class agreed upon a decision.
  • What are some advantages and disadvantages to
    everybody having a say in the decision?
  • Give an example during the activity when one
    person made decisions, or tried to make
    decisions, for the entire class.
  • What are some advantages and disadvantages to one
    person making decisions?

4
Two Categories of Government
  • Democracy Government by the people / Decisions
    made by the people
  • Autocracy - Government by one person (King /
    Queen / Emperor / Pharaoh)

5
Decision MakingAutocratic or Democratic?
  • Teacher decides there will be a test on Friday
  • Group of Friends decide on which movie to go to
    by discussing three possible movies and voting on
    which one they want to see.
  • Fast food Manager decides to give workers a
    dollar per hour raise

6
Autocratic or Democratic?
  • Parents listen to daughter complain about staying
    out late and decide to let child stay out 1 hour
    later.
  • Parents allow all 3 children to choose (vote)
    what vacation to go on.
  • Mayor, elected by citizens, decides to build a
    new city hall
  • Citizens voted in favor of a city tax measure to
    increase funding to schools

7
Autocratic Advantages
  • Efficient
  • Order
  • Changes can Happen Quickly

8
Autocratic Disadvantages
  • Needs a Strong Leader
  • Decisions may not be interest of everyone
  • Too much power leads to corruption

9
Democratic Advantages
  • Everyone has a say
  • Corruption more difficult
  • Power too diffuse

10
Democratic Disadvantages
  • Messy, takes time
  • Sometimes hard to make difficult decisions
  • Need an Educated Citizenry

11
Autocratic forms of Government
  • Theocracy
  • Monarchy
  • Tyranny
  • Oligarchy
  • Aristocracy

12
Democratic forms of Government
  • Direct Democracy
  • Republic
  • Parliamentary System
  • Constitutional Monarchy

13
Anarchy
  • Total Lack of Government (State of Nature)
  • No Rules, No Leaders

14
Democracy
  • Rule by the masses/people
  • No Leader All Decisions made by the community
  • Created in ancient Athens
  • True Democracies only work in small groups

15
Republic
  • Rule by Peoples Representative
  • Created in Ancient Rome
  • Senator Representative

16
Theocracy
  • Rule by Religion
  • Leader The Priest or Main Religious Figure
  • Examples Ancient Egypt, Modern Iran, Vatican
    City

17
????????
  • What would be some problems with having
    government based on a single religion?

18
Monarchy
  • Rule by a single leader, typically claims Divine
    Right

19
Oligarchy
  • Rule by a few individuals

20
Aristocracy
  • Rule by the Wealthy

21
Athenian Democracy(Solon, Cliesthenese, and
Pericles)
22
Athenian Democracy(Solon, Cleisthenese, and
Pericles)
Greek Leader Contribution to Democracy
Solon
Cliesthenese
Pericles
23
Solon
  • Outlawed Slavery
  • 4 Classes based on Wealth not Heredity
  • Only 3 Higher classes were able to hold public
    office
  • Fairer code of laws
  • Despite reforms Athens continued to be an
    autocracy

24
Cleisthenese
  • Reorganized Assembly
  • Allowed all citizens to submit laws for debate
    and passage
  • Created Council of 400
  • Advised Assembly
  • Seen as Founder of Greek Democracy

25
Pericles
  • Led Athens in Golden Age 461-429 B.C
  • Established Direct Democracy
  • Increased number of public officials
  • Poorer citizens were able to participate

26
Greek Philosophy
  • Greek Thinkers Assumptions
  • 1.Universe is orderly
  • 2.People can understand order of universe
  • Respect for Human Intelligence and Reason allowed
    Democracy to flourish

27
Aristotle vs. Plato
Plato Aristotle
Major Works
Beliefs about Man
Beliefs about Government
Beliefs about democracy
Summary of Primary Source
28
Plato
  • The Republic
  • Rule of Philosopher Kings
  • Democracy Rule of the Appetites
  • Aristocracy Rule of the Rich

29
Aristotle
  • Politics
  • Man is by nature political
  • Legitimate Government- common good
  • Tyranny?, Democracy?
  • Constitutional Government

30
Roman Republic
  • Roman Society was made of Plebians and Patricians
  • Romes Republic
  • Senate
  • 2 Consuls
  • Assembly
  • Dictator

31
Roman Law
  • Twelve Tables step toward fair government
  • Complied into Justinian Code
  • government of laws not men

32
Judaism
  • Hebrews Monotheism
  • -Created in Gods image, live moral lives
  • - Divine Spark
  • - God Given Rights, Freedom
  • - 10 Commandments
  • - Ethical vs. Legal Code

33
Christianity
  • Jesus of Nazareth
  • - emphasized morality equality and compassion
  • - spread of Judeo-Christian ideas through Roman
    Empire

34
Renaissance
  • Renewed interest in Classical Culture
  • Humanism
  • Italian vs. Northern Renaissance
  • Spread of Ideas through Printing Press

35
Leonardo Da Vinci
36
Leonardo Da Vinci
37
Leonardo Da Vinci
38
Raphael Sanzio
39
Francesco Petrarch
40
Giovanni Boccaccio
41
Niccolo Machiavelli
42
Albrecht Durer
43
Jan Van Eyck
44
Pieter Bruegel
45
Desiderius Erasmus
46
Thomas More
47
William Shakespeare
48
Reformation
  • Martin Luthers 95 Theses
  • Individuality and freedom from Church
  • Englands Protestant Revolution
  • Calvinism
  • Catholic Reformation

49
Englands Medieval Democratic Developments
  • Henry II
  • Jury System
  • Common law
  • King John
  • Magna Carta (Great Charter)
  • Contract between King and Nobles
  • Governance according to law
  • Due Process of Law
  • Consent of Governed (Parliament)

50
Englands Civil War
  • King James I and Divine Right
  • Charles I and the Petition of Right
  • 1642- Charles tries to Arrest Parliament
  • 1642-1649 English Civil War
  • Royalists/Cavaliers vs. Roundheads
  • 1649 Roundhead victory under Oliver Cromwells
    Leadership
  • 1649 Charles I Beheaded

51
Englands Glorious Revolution
  • Cromwell first establishes a commonwealth
  • Cromwell tears up constitution and becomes Lord
    Protectorate
  • Puritan Morality
  • Restoration of the Monarchy Charles II
  • Habeas Corpus
  • Rule of James II
  • William and Mary and the Glorious Revolution
  • Bill of Rights, Cabinet System
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