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United States Joint Forces Command

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Title: United States Joint Forces Command


1
UNCLASSIFIED
United States Joint Forces Command Joint
Warfighting Center Joint National Training
Capability Joint Management Office 20 September
2005 Joint Service Night
Mr. JR Reed, Lead Architect JNTC, JMO
Mr. Ken Goad, Technical Director JNTC, JMO
UNCLASSIFIED
2
Joint Service Night (agenda)
  • 1900 - 1910 Opening and Introductions
    Wednesday, 21 Sept 05
  • JR Reed, JFCOM/JNTC,
  • Session Moderator
  • 1910 - 1950 Overview of Joint MS
    Applications
  • Ken Goad, JFCOM/JNTC
  • 1950 - 2000 QA and Discussion
  • 2000 - 2010 Interoperability in a Joint
    World
  • Ken Atkinson, DMSO
  • 2010 - 2020 Army MS Summary
  • LTC Scott Schutzmeister, AMSO
  • 2020 - 2030 Navy MS Summary
  • John Moore, NMSO
  • 2030 - 2040 AF MS Summary
  • William Oates, AFAMS
  • 2040 - 2100 QA, Discussion and Closing
  • James Reed, JFCOM/JNTC,
  • Session Moderator

3
Purpose
  • Training Transformation T2
  • Approved persistent JTEN sites
  • Event Centric to Program Centric approach
  • Way ahead - Accreditation/Certification
  • 2005 Accreditation Nominees
  • Joint/Interoperability Training Requirements
  • JNTC Support Elements

4
Training Transformation Goals
  • Improve Joint Readiness and Align Capabilities
    with Combatant Commander Needs
  • Prepare and Develop Individuals, Units, Staffs,
    and Organizations to
  • Think Intuitively Joint
  • Improvise and Adapt to Emerging Crises
  • Achieve Unity of Effort from Diversity of Means
    to Meet Joint Operational Requirements of
    Combatant Commanders

Transformation is about Culture and Product
5
Continuum of Training Transformation
Service Training Transformation
Joint Training Transformation
Accreditation
Service Centric
Joint Context
Common Infrastructure Certification
Localized Training
Networked Training
Mix LVC and OPFOR Acquisition
Service-centric OPFOR (Air, Land, OR Sea)
Multi-dimensional, Asymmetric OPFOR (Air, Land
AND Sea)
Linked Instrumentation and Analysis Tools
Service Feedback
Joint Feedback
Persistent Investment Strategy
Event Centric
Program Centric
Joint National Training Capability
Synchronized Joint By Necessity
Coherent Joint By Training
6
Joint Capabilities Gaps and Seams
  • Joint operations have consistently shown that
    jointness routinely occurs below the operational
    level.
  • Joint capabilities are improved by identifying
    warfighting gaps and seams through analysis of
    operational / joint training assessments.
  • Joint capability improvement strategies are
    developed and integrated into the Joint Training
    System to facilitate joint force transformation
    while closing the gaps and seams.

Strategic National
Unified Command
Strategic Theater
Unified Command Joint Force Headquarters
Tasks
Joint Force Headquarters
Operational
Tactical
Service Tasks
Components
MARFOR
AFFOR
NAVFOR
ARFOR
SOF
7
Training Transformation Organization
Office of Under Secretary of Defense for
Personnel and Readiness (OUSD(PR))
Executive Steering Group (ESG) Dr. Chu ADM
Giambastiani
Senior Advisory Group (SAG) Paul Mayberry MG
Gallinetti
Joint Integrated Process Team (JIPT) Dan Gardner
OSD PR /Joint Staff
USJFCOM
JKDDC Joint Knowledge Development and
Distribution Capability Director, Readiness and
Training Policy and Programs JAEC Joint
Assessment Enabling Capability
Joint National Training Capability
Joint Management Office (JMO) CAPT Frost
Operations
Program
ATT
Technical
8
Joint National Training Capability (JNTC)
  • Mission The Joint National Training Capability
    will continuously improve the ability of U.S.
    military, federal agencies, and multinational
    forces to fight effectively as a Joint and
    combined team.
  • Customers Combatant Commands (COCOMs) Military
    (Active and Reserve) Civilian DoD Personnel and
    DoD Agencies Interagency, Intergovernmental and
    Multinational Organizations
  • Goals
  • Improve management and coordination of joint
    training resources
  • Fully implement the Joint Training System
    Applications and provide means to develop
    improvements in DoD warfighting capabilities
  • Embed the proper joint context into Service
    training tasks
  • Provide opposition forces and realistic threat
    systems
  • Create persistent global joint training
    infrastructure
  • Provide live, virtual, and constructive (LVC)
    environment for joint training events
  • Lead development of advanced training
    technologies providing joint functionality
    interfaces and interoperability and
  • Coordinate and integrate activities with other
    capabilities of training transformation.

9
JNTC Implementation Strategy
  • JNTC provides the environment that
  • Actively manages long-term investments
  • Actively manages operational planning
  • Collaboratively maps budgets to needs Service
    and Joint
  • Accredits Service and COCOM training programs and
    certifies sites and systems
  • Implements a transparent budgeting process with
    full review by the Services and OSD
  • Employs a shared, interdependent funding model
    based on collaboratively developed requirements
  • Aligns and synchronizes joint training
    investments
  • Creates and sustains a common, interoperable
    infrastructure for joint training

JNTC - Institutionalizing a Culture of Jointness
10
Joint National Training Capability
Global Simulation, Training and
Testing Capabilities
Northern Command
Special Ops Command
European Command
Transportation Command
Joint Forces Command
Pacific Command
Experimentation and Testing
Strategic Command
Central Command
Southern Command
Service Simulation, Training and Testing Centers
and Ranges
Live/Virtual/Constructive
A global network of live, virtual and
constructive components that provides a seamless
training environment that supports a broad
spectrum of joint and Service training
requirements
Training Environment
11
Approved JNTC Persistent Sites
Eielson, AK
PACOM
EUCOM Warrior Prep Center
NORTHCOM
Bremerton
National Simulation Center, Ft Leavenworth
STRATCOM
Quantico
Ft Hood
USMC Training Range, CP Pendleton
CENTCOM SOCOM
Tactical Training Group Pacific, San Diego
Yuma
Joint Readiness Training Center Ft Polk
Little Rock AFB
FY04 Sites FY05 Sites
Barksdale AFB
19 Nov 2004
6
12
Intent of Accreditation
  • The intent is to build an accreditation process
    that will ensure delivery of a recurring,
    consistent, realistic training environment for
    all units participating in joint training,
    regardless of location
  • Enhance the ability of commanders to more
    accurately assess the performance and joint
    readiness of their organizations
  • Promote continuous improvement in joint training
    through constructive feedback and an
    incentive-based investment strategy
  • Does NOT imply that joint training can not or
    will not be conducted by programs not accredited
  • Does NOT imply that joint training resources will
    not be available to programs not yet accredited

13
Service and COCOM Programs for Accreditation
  • ARMY
  • Battle Command Training Program
  • Joint Readiness Training Center
  • National Training Center
  • Combat Maneuver Training Center
  • AIR FORCE
  • Blue Flag
  • Air Warrior I
  • Air Warrior II
  • Red Flag
  • Virtual Flag
  • Cope Thunder
  • Warrior Prep Center
  • NAVY
  • Fleet Synthetic Training - Joint
  • Joint Task Force Exercise
  • Composite Training Unit Exercise
  • MARINE CORPS
  • Marine Aviation Weapons Training Squadron 1
  • Marine Air Ground Task Force Staff Training
    Program
  • MAGTF Training Center
  • Mountain Warfare Training Center
  • JFCOM
  • Unified Endeavor Mission Rehearsal Exercise
  • PACOM
  • PACOM Joint Task Force Training Program
  • CENTCOM
  • JWFC Training Program
  • SOCOM
  • Mission Training Preparation Program

14
Support Element Concept
  • Definition Operations and Technical personnel at
    training organizations and sites to support JNTC
    implementation.
  • Ongoing analysis
  • Required skill set/prerequisites Location(s)
    Organizational requirements
  • Potential roles and responsibilities of the
    support element personnel
  • Accreditation and Certification support -
    Exercise Planning support
  • Exercise Control Group/White Cell support -
    Joint Technical Expertise
  • Joint After-action Reporting support/data -
    Configuration Control
  • collection/first tier analysis - JNTC
    Inventory Management
  • Requirements Collection, Documentation - Train
    the Trainer support
  • and Advocacy
  • Due-outs from COCOMs and Services
  • JNTC JMO is working tailored MOAs with JNTC
    stakeholders to manage
  • expectations and to select the lead SE for
    each program
  • Initial focus will be on nominated training
    programs
  • Goal is to have 37 SE in place by the end of
    FY05
  • FY06 SE will be primarily aligned based on
    Accreditation an Certification findings

15
Summary
  • Near term JNTC focus is guided by the JFCOM Joint
    Training Plan which will describe critical joint
    and interoperability training requirements that
    are common to the COCOMs
  • Specific requirements tailored to individual
    COCOMs will be supported by the JNTC in that
    COCOMs training programs
  • The focus of JNTC implementation is Accreditation
    and Certification
  • Accreditation and Certification are about
    fielding capabilities that provide persistent
    joint context in training programs to satisfy
    joint training on those specific training
    requirements

16
  • Joint National Training Capability Architecture
    and Technical Standards (JATS)
  • TEAM

17
Operations Manager LtCol Jeff Gettle
Program Manager Mr. Greg Knapp
Advanced Training Technology Manager Mr. Warren
Bizub
Technical Director Mr. Ken Goad
  • Service Representatives
  • LVC/Training infrastructure
  • architecture

JMO Deputy Tech Dir/ Lead Architect (Mr. JR
Reed)
Joint Architecture and Technical Standards (JATS)
Team
Steve Smith (AV-1)
Mike Kassel (TA)
JNTC All-View
JNTC Technical Architectures
Okey Igbonagwom
JNTC Operational Systems Architectures
ATT To Be Arch
18
Why Architectures?
DoDAF System of Systems (SoS)/Family of Systems
(FoS) Interoperability Focus
Knowledge Based Approach
  • Architecture does
  • - Decompose Complex Domains
  • into manageable Areas
  • - Tailor information for the
  • Stakeholders Decision makers
  • - Provide Blueprints for
  • Designers, Builders and Users

19
Military Training Directive
5.9. The Commander, Joint Forces Command, in
coordination with the Chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, shall 5.9.1. Manage the
integrated joint training architectures using the
DoD Architecture Framework (reference (h)), and
in coordination with the Combatant Commanders
develop and define standards for live, virtual,
and constructive training capabilities, including
technical development, capabilities
prioritization, implementation, configuration
control, and sustainment and enforce standards
through a certification process.
Department of Defense Directive (DoDD) 1322.18
Military Training 3 Sep 2004
20
GLOBAL JOINT TRAINING INFRASTRUCTURE (JOINT
TRAINER-NETWORK CENTRIC OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
JT-NCOE)
COCOMS
JWFC
GIG/ NCOW
ROUTERS
USMC
COMPUTERS
SOFTWARE
USN
CONSTRUCTIVE SIMULATION PROGRAMS
CRYPTO
USAF
SWITCHES
USA
GATEWAYS
SERVERS
INTERAGENCY
INFRASTRUCTURE (PERSISTENT NETWORK)
INFRASTRUCTURE (SYSTEMS)
ACCESS TO NETWORK DATA PULL/DATA PUSH DATA
TAGGING
JTEN
JOINT TRAINING EXPERIMENTATION NETWORK
PROCESSES
PEOPLE
21
One Architecture Three Views
The All-View (AV), an executive summary
document, provides a fourth view.
22
Architecture Components (Views)
ARCHITECTURE
What When Who Where Why
How
23
Architecture Executive Summary
ARCHITECTURE
OPERATIONAL VIEW (OV)
Overview Summary Information
AV products provide overarching integrated
architecture aspects related to the other
architectural views (operational, systems, and
technical) AV-1 Scope, purpose, intended users,
environment depicted, analytical findings AV-2
Architectural data repository with definitions of
operational concept
AV-1
Integrated Dictionary
AV-2
AV-1
24
What is an All-View -1
  • Provides JNTC Architecture overview and executive
    summary info in a consistent DOD-approved format.
  • Serves as a planning guide for the architecture
    products
  • Provides summary textual info about the
    architecture
  • Identification data
  • Scope organizations involved, views and
    products, time frame
  • Purpose and Viewpoint need for the architecture,
    analysis usage, how users expect to use products
    (viewpoint)
  • Context external setting, limitations and
    constraints, mission, reference models (UJTL,
    CADM, JTA, DISRonline, GIG, NCOW, NCES, etc.)
  • Tools, File Formats, and Findings/recommendations

25
JNTC AV-1 (v. 2) Important Highlights
  • AV-1 Version 2.0 will
  • Clarify roles, scope, and domain of architectures
    (JNTC, LVC-TE, Instrumentation, Service Training,
    JWFC).
  • Address conformance with GIG, NCOW, NCES, and
    other reference models.
  • Demonstrate where each interested organization/
    team/group fits in the overall JNTC framework.
  • Spotlight importance of Accreditation and
    Certification processes.
  • Lay the groundwork for the JNTC Enterprise
    Architecture.

26
JNTC OV-1
27
USJFCOM ARCHITECTURE COORDINATION
JTC-I
DoD DARS
JSIC
J2
USJFCOM ARCH COUNCIL
J3
J9
J8
J6
J7
JWFC
CAPABILITIES GROUP
TRAINING GROUP
SIM/C4 GROUP
JWFC SUPPORT TEAM (JST)
DOCTRINE
JNTC JMO
Develop tactical-level operational
system architectures Repository
28
54 TACTICAL TASKS
29
STRATEGIC NATIONAL (SN)
Universal Joint Task List (UJTL)
STRATEGIC THEATER (ST)
OPERTIONAL (OP)
TACTICAL (TA)
30
UJTL Tactical Task (TA)
Lessons Learned
160 OPs
54 TAs
Each Task
COCOM/ Service Training Program (scenario/ mission
, units, training sites, L-V-C)
USA
USN
SOF
USMC
USAF
Organization, doctrine/tactics, systems
Notional Architectures
JDLS
JTRAT
JCME
Data sharing
Data vetting
Data sharing
PRIORITIES
31
Operational Views (Systems not considered)
ARCHITECTURE
OPERATIONAL VIEW (OV)
HIGH-LEVEL OP CONCEPT
OV-1
OV-6a
OPERATIONAL RULES MODEL
OP NODES CONNECTIVITY DESCRIPTION
OV-2
OPERATIONAL STATE TRANSITION DESCRIPTION
OV-6b
INFORMATION EXCHANGE REQUIREMENTS
OV-3
OPERATIONAL EVENT/TRACE DESCRIPTION
OV-6c
COMMAND RELATIONSHIPS CHART
OV-4
OV-7
OV-5
LOGICAL DATA MODEL
ACTIVITY MODEL
32
TA 3.2.2 OV-1 CLOSE AIR SUPPORT
DRAFT
J-STARS
AWACS
FAC(A)
CAS FW AIRCRAFT
CAS RW AIRCRAFT
SOF CAS FW AIRCRAFT
SOTAC
FSE/FSO DASC/ASOC/ JSOTF OPS
JFACC/JAOC
JFMCC SACC/TACC
JTAC/ FAC/ TACP/ SALT/ FIST
VIA COMMAND ECHELON
JFC
DRAFT
JFSOCC
JFLCC
MAY 27, 2004
33
TA 3.2.2 OV-1 CLOSE AIR SUPPORT
DRAFT
JRTC/AW II HTE
J-STARS
116th ACW
V
L
C
L
V
C
L
75th FS
CAS FW AIRCRAFT
11th 93rd BS
V
CAS RW AIRCRAFT
L
19th SOS
C
L
L
JECG
TALCE
621ST AMOG
62ND AW
FSE/FSO DASC/ ASOC
L
JECG
OPFOR
STS
JFC
22ND STS
L
JTAC/ FAC/ TACP/ SALT/ FIST
JFACC/ JAOC
L
2-10
SFG(A)
JFLCC
C
V
L
L
AOB
AOB
V
C
JFSOCC
C
L
L
ODA
ODA
C
V
MAY 14, 2004
34
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36
CJTF/JFC
JIC
JOC
JFACC
JFLCC
JFMCC
JFSOCC
PERSONAL SPECIAL STAFFS
SR. COMPONENT LNOs
JAOC
LIAISON OFFICERS
BCD
WING OPS CENTER
STAFF
MARLO
GLO Det
NALE
SOLE
SLO
EXP OPS GROUP
EXP LOG GROUP
EXP SPT GROUP
EXP MED GROUP
GRP OPS CENTER
STAFF
EXP OPS SQUADRON
EXP LOG SQUADRON
EXP SPT SQUADRON
EXP MED SQUADRON
COMAFFOR DESIGNATED AS JFACC
37
WARFARE TASK
DEVELOP/ MAINTAIN SITUATIONAL AWARENESS
SUPPLY/ RESUPPLY ARMY FORCES
REQUIREMENTS TASKINGS
MANEUVER FORCES
SUPPLY/ RESUPPLY NAVY FORCES
DEVELOP PLANS/ COAs
ENGAGE HOSTILE FORCES
COLLECT INFORMATION
SUPPLY/ RESUPPLY MARINE CORPS FORCES
ISSUE COMMANDS GUIDANCE
PROCESS DATA
SUPPLY/ RESUPPLY AIR FORCE FORCES
ANALYZE/ CORRELATE DATA
SUPPLY/ RESUPPLY SOF
DISSEMINATE INTELLIGENCE
38
Systems Views
ARCHITECTURE
OPERATIONAL VIEW (OV)
SYSTEMS EVOLUTION DESCRIPTION
SV-1
SV-8
SYSTEMS INTERFACE
SV-2A
SYSTEMS COMMUNICATIONS
SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY FORECAST
SV-9
SV-2B
SV-3
SYSTEMS MATRIX
SYSTEMS RULES MODEL
SV-10a
SV-4
SYSTEMS FUNCTIONALITY
SYSTEMS STATE TRANSITION DESCRIPTION
SV-10b
OP ACTIVITY TO SYSTEM FUNCTION TRACEABILITY MATRIX
SV-5
SYSTEMS EVENT/ TRACE DESCRIPTION
SV-10c
SYSTEM INFORMATION EXCHANGE MATRIX
SV-6
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS MATRIX
PHYSICAL DATA MODEL
SV-7
SV-11
39
SV-1 Systems Matrix
40
SV-2A Nets Matrix
41
SV-2B Nets Interface (UHF)
JOINT TASK FORCE (JTF) HQ
JOINT FORCES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMPONENT COMMAND
(JFSOCC)
JOINT FORCES LAND COMPONENT COMMAND (JFLCC)
JOINT FORCES AIR COMPONENT COMMAND (JFACC)
JOINT FORCES MARITIME COMPONENT COMMAND (JFMCC)
JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS TASK FORCE (JSOTF)
CORPS TOC
WOC
TACC / TADC
MEF CE COC
CORPS ACE
MEF CIC
ASOC
SACC
MAW TACC / TADC
DMAIN
MAR DIV COC
DIV ACE
MAR DIV CIC
CRC
AREC
TAOC
BDE TOC
INF REGT COC
BDE ACT
INF REGT CIC
DASC
BN TOC
INF BN COC
JAAT
CO FIST
DIV AVIATION TOC
CO CP
JTAC / BN SALT
MAR R/W CAS
JTAC / SOTAC
AVIATION BN TOC
JTAC / FAC
MAR CO CP
JTAC / FAC
AIR CONTROL NET (UHF)
AFARNNET (UHF SATCOM)
AF C2 NET (UHF SATCOM)
CDL (UHF)
EPLRS / SADL NET (UHF)
GBS JBS NET (UHF)
GUARD NET (UHF)
IBS (UHF)
IN-FLIGHT REPORT NET (UHF / VHF AM)
JOINT AIR REQUEST NET (UHF SATCOM)
TAC AIR CONTROL NET (UHF)
TAD NET (UHF)
(UHF)
MAY 13, 2005
Dot pattern up to Classified TS
42
Technical Views
ARCHITECTURE
OPERATIONAL VIEW (OV)
Technical Standards Profile
TV-1
TV-1 Listing of standards that apply to
Systems View elements TV-2 Description of
emerging standards and potential impact on
current Systems View elements, within a set of
time frames
Technical Standards Forecast
TV-2
43
What is a Technical View-1?
  • The Technical Standards Profile (TV-1) consists
    of the set of systems standards rules that govern
    systems implementation and operation of a given
    architecture.
  • TV-1 delineates which standards may be used to
    implement the systems, system hardware/software
    items, communications protocols, and system data
    formats.
  • TV-1 documents the existing constraints that
    might influence modernization design decisions
    and system investment decisions. They provide the
    basis for making decisions on retiring or
    evolving existing systems and replacing them with
    new systems or with updated system capabilities.
    This ability to relate technology to operational
    and performance improvement enables the creation
    of a technology investment roadmap that is
    defensible in terms of the systems and
    capabilities provided.

44
JNTC Technical Standards ROAD AHEAD
TO BE ARCH FY09/FOC
AS IS ARCH FY04/IOC
TO BE ARCH FY06
TO BE ARCH FY07
TO BE ARCH FY08
FY08
FY07
FY05
FY06
FY04
Service Site Architectures
JNTC Repository
Accreditation
SBAG Document
JFOM
Certification
Spiral 1 release TV-1 Document 9/30/05
JNTC C4 STANDARDS
Standards Doc maintenance
GIG/NCOW REF MODEL IMPLEMENTATION
AV-1 Document
Baseline TRM Document 9/30/05
Enterprise Information Environment
Enterprise Architectures
Baseline TV-1 Document 9/30/04
Web-based Standards Nom Process
ATT RD TECH SYSTEMS
Standards refinement
JTT STANDARDS, CONDITIONS, CRITIREA
Baseline AV-2 Document 7/30/05
Primary Architecture software tool selection
CONUS OCONUS DoD SITE SURVEYS
1st 21 Program JTT ARCHs
NEW JTT ARCHs
JTT ARCH MAINTENANCE
45
JR REED 757-203-7565 LEAD ARCH james.reed_at_jfc
om.mil ED WIED 757-203-6972 OP
ARCH edwin.wied_at_jfcom.mil DAVE KERRICK
757-203-7490 OP ARCH david.kerrick_at_jfc
om.mil GLORY BOARDMAN 757-203-7815
SYS ARCH gloria.boardman_at_jfcom.mil RESPOSITOR
Y ERIC KAMIEN 757-203-7533 SYS
ARCH eric.kamien_at_jfcom.mil RESPOSITORY Mike
Kassel
757-203-7288 TECH ARCH
michael.kassel_at_jfcom.mil Steve Smith
757-
AV-1 steven.smith_at_jfcom.mil Okey
Igbonagwom 757-203-5862
To Be Arch
okey.igbonagwom_at_jfcom.mil
46
JATS Quarterly conference (agenda)
  • 1030-1040 Welcome/Opening Remarks - Ken
    Goad
  • 1040-1100 Objectives/ Overview/ Open
    items- JReed
  • 1100-1130 All View 1,2 update Steve
    Smith
  • 1130-1200 (OSD) Training COI brief Mike
    Hanz
  • LUNCH
  • 1330-1400 JNTC Technical Standards
    Documents update Mike Kassel
  • 1400-1430 JNTC Operational and Systems
    overview- Ed Wied
  • 1430-1450 LVC-TE Overview- Scott Wood
  • 1450-1500 Open discussion/ closing- JReed

47
QUESTIONS?
The need for military transformation was clear
before the conflict in Afghanistan, and before
September the 11th. . . . Whats different today
is our sense of urgency the need to build this
future force while fighting a present war. Its
like overhauling an engine while youre going at
80 miles an hour. Yet we have no other choice.
President George W. Bush, December 2001
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