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secularism: this world matters: money, nationality, everyda

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Secularism: This world matters: money, nationality, everyday life ... Northern Europe was farther from Rome and the control of the Catholic Church ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: secularism: this world matters: money, nationality, everyda


1
11 9-10-09Notes
  • Essence of the Renaissance
  • Contrasting Medieval values
  • The Renaissance in Northern Europe
  • The Italian vs. the Northern Renaissance

2
Essence of the Renaissance
  • Classicism Valuing Greece and Rome the
    Classical Age and Classical ideas
  • Humanism Man is the measure Humans develop a
    critical sense of things
  • Realism Reality is valued it needs to be
    explored and examined
  • Individualism Individual has value
  • Secularism This world matters money,
    nationality, everyday life
  • Rationalism Human reason important

3
Contrasting Medieval Values
  • Medievalism The religious society of the Middle
    Ages is the best of all possible worlds
  • Scholasticism Faith is the highest value all
    knowledge must conform to religious dogma
  • Illusory Reality The world is symbolic, an
    encoded message from God to be deciphered
  • Individual insignificance The individual is not
    important except as placed in power by God
  • Non-secularism The afterlife of Heaven is the
    goal this world is only a means to that end
  • Faith Human reason cannot be trusted it can be
    distorted and deluded

4
The Renaissance in Northern Europe
  • Starts later Ends later
  • Italian Renaissance c.1350-1494/1527
  • Northern Renaissance c. 1530-1603/1616
  • Northern Europe was farther from Rome and the
    control of the Catholic Church
  • Fused with and inseparable from the Reformation
    (1517)
  • Greater involvement with religion, more pious
  • Christian Humanism Erasmus, More, et. al.
  • Applied Humanistic rationalism and education to
    religion and reform
  • Involved with social reform based on Christian
    ideals and ethics
  • Definite attempt to bring social change based on
    the values of the Renaissance
  • More involvement with Middle and Lower classes

5
Italian vs. Northern Renaissance
  • Italy Began first c. 1350 ending 1527
  • North Began after Reformation c. 1530-1620
  • Italy Change driven by Classicism and Humanism
  • North Change driven by religious reform and
    revolt against the Church authority, therefore
    more pious
  • Italy Imitation of ancient Greece and Rome
  • North Desire to get back to Classical Christian
    values
  • Italy Dominated by wealthy merchants
  • North Influenced by middle class working for
    social reform
  • Italy Attempted to reconcile Classical paganism
    with Medieval Christianity
  • North created Christian Humanism Northern
    Renaissance figures attempting to find ethical
    compromise reform religion and bring social
    change
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