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ENC 1102

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V. Theme = the central idea or ideas that a play discusses ... Expressionism = settings, costumes and scenery reflected troubled, unbalanced mind ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ENC 1102


1
ENC 1102
  • Introduction to Drama

2
Grand Theatre at Ephesus
3
I. Origins of Drama
  • A. Many say drama originated in Greece over 2,500
    years ago as an outgrowth of the worship of the
    god Dionysus.
  • B. During Dionysian festivals, a group of 50
    citizens of Athens, known as a chorus, would
    perform hymns of praise to the god. These were
    known as dithyrambic poetry.
  • Theatre built into the side of a hill and could
    seat almost 17,000 people.

4
II. Two main types of Greek drama
  • A. Tragedy drama treating a serious subject and
    involving persons of significance. According to
    Aristotle, when the audience sees a tragedy, they
    should feel both pity and fear.
  • B. Comedy Treats themes and characters with
    humor and typically has a happy ending.

5
Greek Tragedy
  • Trilogy
  • Chorus a group of singers that comments on the
    play, often from the point of view of public
    opinion of the actions taking place
  • Prologue an introductory scene that tells the
    audience important information about the plays
    setting, characters, and events immediately
    preceding the opening of the drama.
  • Episode (episodos) a passage of dialogue between
    two or more actors or between actors and chorus

6
Greek Tragedy
  • Choral ode the chorus is alone on stage,
    singing
  • Éxodos the final scene of the play
  • Epilogue after the main characters leave, this
    is where the chorus comes back on stage to sum up
    the plays meaning

7
III. Plot
8
A. Components of plot
  • 1. exposition provides the audience with
    essential information who, what, when, where
    that it needs to know before it can continue
  • 2. complication the interjection of some
    circumstance or event that shakes up the stable
    situation that has existed before the plays
    opening
  • 3. rising action the period in which the
    audiences tension and expectations become
    tightly intertwined and involved with the
    characters and the events they experience

9
A. Components of plot
  • 4. conflict usually a problem that the
    characters cannot avoid
  • 5. climax the moment of greatest tension
  • 6. falling action beginning of the lessening of
    tension
  • 7. dénouement (resolution) the untying of the
    knot, in which the tension built up during the
    play is released

10
IV. Characterization
  • A. Character motivation why does a character
    behave in this manner? What does he/she hope to
    gain from these actions?
  • B. Two conventions a playwright might employ in
    revealing motivation are soliloquy (a speech made
    by a single character on stage alone) and aside
    (a brief remark made directly to the audience).

11
V. Theme the central idea or ideas that a play
discusses
  • A. Didactic plays written to instruct the
    audience in ethical, religious, or political
    areas
  • B. Morality play a sermon on sin and redemption
    rendered in dramatic terms
  • C. Problem play uses the theater as a forum for
    the serious debate of social issues like
    industrial pollution or womens rights
  • D. Drama of ideas goes further than simply
    presenting social problems it advances a program
    of reform
  • E. Social drama radical social and political
    programs are openly propagandized

12
Medieval Drama
  • Folk drama plays performed by wandering troupes
    of actors
  • Liturgical drama plays put on by the Roman
    Catholic church
  • Mystery Plays derived from holy scripture
  • Passion plays focused on the crucifixion of
    Christ
  • Miracle plays dramatized the lives of the
    saints
  • Morality plays dramatized sermons with
    allegorical characters

13
VI. Spectacle sometimes called mise en scène,
or setting of the scene. This is the purely
visual dimension of a play the costumes, the
props, the set.
14
Molieres Picture-Frame Stage
15
Elizabethan Drama
  • Raised stage relied very little on set, but
    heavily on authors ability to tell the tale
  • Female parts were played by young boys
  • Originality, as we use the term, meant little at
    the time
  • Designed to appeal to a wide audience, not the
    elite.

16
The Comic Genres
  • Commedia dellarte a cast of masked stock
    characters (the miserly old man, the young wife,
    the ardent seducer)

17
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18
Realistic Drama, the Modern Stage, and Beyond
  • Realism Mid 19th Century, brought settings that
    were accurate down to the smallest details.
    Replaced painted backdrops with the box set
  • Surrealistic stage settings used color
    scenery that mirrored images of dreams
  • Expressionism settings, costumes and scenery
    reflected troubled, unbalanced mind

19
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20
  • Theater of the absurd depicts a world without
    meaning where everything seems ridiculous
  • Melodramas sensational plays that appealed
    mainly to emotions
  • Satire biting humor that diminishes a person,
    idea, or institution
  • Black or dark comedies rely on the morbid and
    the absurd

21
20th Century Spotlights
22
Defining Drama
  • Monologues extended speeches by one character
  • Soliloquies monologues in which a character
    expresses private thoughts while alone on stage
  • Asides brief comments by a character who
    reveals thoughts by speaking directly to the
    audience
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