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Environmental assessment and management in Dutch Master programmes A SWOT analysis

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Title: Environmental assessment and management in Dutch Master programmes A SWOT analysis


1
Environmental assessment and management in Dutch
Master programmes A SWOT analysis
  • dr. Hens Runhaar
  • Environmental Studies and Policy
  • Faculty of Geosciences /
  • Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development
    and Innovation
  • Universiteit Utrecht

2
Outline
  • Environmental Master programmes in the
    Netherlands
  • After graduation
  • Environmental assessment in Dutch Master
    programmes
  • Master Sustainable Development at Utrecht
    University
  • A SWOT analysis
  • Conclusions

3
Environmental Master programmes in the Netherlands
  • VU University Amsterdam Environment and
    Resource Management (1 year natural and social
    sciences) Global Environmental Governance (1
    year social sciences)
  • Groningen University Energy and Environmental
    Sciences (2 years natural sciences)
  • Radboud University Nijmegen European Spatial
    and Environmental Planning (1 year social
    sciences) Environmental Sciences (2 years
    natural sciences)
  • Open University Environmental Sciences (in
    Dutch 1 year natural sciences)
  • Wageningen University Environmental Sciences (2
    years natural sciences) Urban Environmental
    Management (2 years natural and social sciences)
  • Utrecht University Sustainable Development (2
    years)

4
After graduation
  • UU-SD graduates
  • 91 has a regular job, of which 78 in the
    environmental domain
  • Main employers consultancy firms and
    universities others include governments, NGOs,
    companies and educational institutes
  • 43 has a function as an advisor, 25 as a
    researcher, 13 as a project leader or policy
    maker

5
After graduation
  • Environmental labour market
  • 109,000 fte jobs, turnover 11.1 billion
  • 1.6 total employment, almost 2 GNP
  • 25 growth between 1995-2007 (in particular
    recycling and consultancy)
  • Data 2007 source CBS

6
Figures 2007
7
Environmental assessment in Dutch Environmental
Master programmes
  • Nowhere specific modules on EA
  • However, aspects of EA frequently taught
  • Particularly in environmental sciences Masters
  • In line with findings Gazzola (2008)
  • EA is rarely taught as a full postgraduate
    programme and seldom as a subject in its own
    right. Normally more than one discipline or
    specialisation is included in the EA-related
    degree title

8
Environmental assessment in Dutch Environmental
Master programmes
  • VUA module environmental and energy policy
    tools
  • Systems analysis and simulation use of
    simulation software
  • Spatial analysis and spatial evaluation use of
    Geographic Information Systems
  • Scenario Analysis
  • Multi criteria analysis use of evaluation
    software
  • Life cycle analysis
  • Valuation and cost-benefit analysis use of
    evaluation software

9
Environmental assessment in Dutch Environmental
Master programmes
  • WU major in environmental systems analysis
  • Systems analysis and simulation use of
    simulation software
  • (Participatory) integrated assessment
  • Pollution management
  • Environmental modelling
  • Integrated cost-benefit analysis of
    multifunctional land and water use
  • Decision support systems and ecological-economic
    modelling
  • Environmental function analysis and conflict
    analysis
  • The behaviour of large-scale models
  • Methods for uncertainty analysis

10
Environmental assessment in Dutch Environmental
Master programmes
  • RU module Integrated environmental assessment of
    water systems
  • Working in multidisciplinaty teams
  • Collect, interpret and integrate data on the
    structure and functioning of water systems in
    order to analyse environmental problems in water
    management
  • Assess implications of policy documents and legal
    instruments (e.g. function assignment
    and environmental quality standards) for the
    design, use and management of water systems
  • Apply a selected number of scientific methods and
    (predictive) models for effect assessment of
    alternatives or scenarios for management of water
    systems
  • Formulate recommendations for sustainable design,
    use and management of water systems

11
Environmental assessment in other higher
education programmes
  • UU bachelor environmental (social) sciences
  • Specific module on EIA
  • Legal frameworks, analytical tools and assessment
    techniques, procedures, specific aspects
  • Role of EIA in decision-making
  • Review of EISs
  • EIA game
  • Most SD Master students that previously completed
  • our bachelor programme (20) have taken this
    course

12
EA in a broader perspective UU Master
Sustainable Development
  • Mission To educate academics who will be able
    to make a substantial contribution to the
    transition to a sustainable society through their
    scientific research and their skills in the area
    of societal intervention
  • Four tracks
  • Energy and Resources
  • Land Use, Environment and Biodiversity
  • Environmental Policy and Management
  • International Development
  • Also as joint degree program with Graz, Venice,
    Leipzig, Basel and Hiroshima (aim Erasmus Mundus)

13
Master SD general programme
Period Course Course
1 Sustainability Science Track Module
2 The Sustainability Challenge A Track Module
The Sustainability Challenge A Track Module
The Sustainability Challenge A Optional Module
3 Track Module Track Module
Track Module Track Module
Track Module Optional Module
4 Track Module Track Module
14
Master SD general programme
Period Course Course
1 The Sustainability Integration Optional Module
2 Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article
Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article
3 Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article
Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article
4 Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article Master Thesis Choice 30 or 45 ECTS 30 ECTS - extra options - thesis ? scientific article
15
Master SD track EPM
  • Key challenge
  • The scientific analysis of the complex changes
    accompanying the pursuit of a sustainable society
  • Approach social sciences

16
Master SD track EPM
  • Key concepts
  • Environmental policy
  • Shifts in environmental governance
  • Governance by non-governmental actors
  • Evaluation research
  • Conditions for effective governance

17
Master SD track EPM
Year 1 Course Course
Period 1 Sustainability Science An Introduction Development Theories
Period 2 Sustainability Challenge A Sustainability Challenge B
Period 3 International Environmental Governance Policy Analysis
Period 4 Research Methodology EPM Interactive Planning of Sustainability
Year 2 Course Course
Period 1 The Sustainability Integration Elective
Period 2 Master's Thesis Master's Thesis
Period 3 Master's Thesis Master's Thesis
Period 4 Extension Thesis Extension Thesis
  Publishing your research Publishing your research
  Extra optional courses Extra optional courses
     
  SD joint course  
  EPM track course  
  Elective  
18
EA in SD track EPM
  • Sustainability science environmental modelling
  • Policy analysis
  • Impact assessment
  • EA (guest lecture Thomas Fischer)
  • Role of policy analysis in decision-making
  • Various modules
  • Environmental decision-making
  • Role of stakeholders
  • Role, authority and subjectiveness of knowledge

19
EA in SD track EPM
  • Master thesis (four with an internship at NCEA)
  • The contribution of SEA to the greening of public
    decision-making the relevance of the
    decision-making context
  • Capacity development for EIA in Yemen
  • Environmental policy integration and spatial
    planning an evaluation of the MILO and LOGO
    planning tools
  • Assessing the impacts and success factors of
    integrated methods centred on urban
    environmental quality Australia, New Zealand and
    the Netherlands
  • Guiding Georgia lessons from 21 years of Dutch
    EIA experience in waste management
  • Promoting environmentally sustainable transport
    through public participation and SEA. Lessons
    from Dutch transportation planning for Japan
  • Appropriate assessment versus environmental
    assessment
  • EA system development in developing countries

20
A SWOT analysis
  • Review accreditation committee (2007)
  • Programme meets the needs and demands of the
    domain of sustainable development
  • Level is adequate, ambitious
  • Programme is coherent
  • Adequate didactical concept
  • Well embedded in research (Copernicus)
  • Contacts with labour market can be improved

21
A SWOT analysis
  • A sample of UU-SD students
  • Did you come across EA during your bachelor or
    Master programme?
  • Same after your graduation?
  • Do you feel you are well-prepared to work with EA
    (and in the environmental domain in general)?
  • What three aspects of your Master programme were
    most useful?
  • What have you missed in your Master programme ?

22
1. EA during your studies
  • During bachelors EIA, environmental law
  • During Masters environmental modelling, GIS,
    environmental policy, thesis

23
2. EA in your current job
  • 2 not (yet)
  • 4 often (as EIA consultants conducting EAs or
    advising on EA systems in new EU Member States,
    or as consultants in spatial plans of which EA is
    an element)

24
3. Master prepared you sufficiently for working
with EA
  • Yes
  • Specific EIA courses
  • Policy analysis methods
  • (Role of knowledge and the environment in)
    decision-making
  • Working in multidisciplinary teams/environments
  • No
  • Technical aspects of EA
  • Legal aspects of EA

25
4. Three key elements in Master SD
  • Policy analytical methods and skills
  • Environmental assessment techniques
  • (International) governance of environmental
    issues
  • Analytical skills, research skills
  • Communicative skills
  • Knowledge of environmental themes
  • Working in multidisciplinary teams

26
5. What did you miss
  • Management and commercial skills
  • Political sciences
  • Public administration (SD more general about
    governance)
  • Dutch environmental law
  • Environmental governance in non-Western countries

27
Conclusions
  • Put EA in a wide perspective
  • Decision-making and governance
  • Multidisciplinarity
  • Role of science in society
  • Provide elements that are relevant but not unique
    to EA
  • Environmental modelling
  • Impact assessment methodology
  • They will learn the specifics in practice!

28
Sources
  • www.mastersportal.eu
  • www.uu.nl/NL/Informatie/master/susdev
  • Gazzola, P. (2008), Trends in education in
    environmental assessment a comparative analysis
    of European EA-related Master programmes, Impact
    Assessment and Project Appraisal, 26 (2) 148-158.
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