Background and Outcome of Regional Workshop National Workshop on Capacity Building in Public Policy issues on Use of Internet for Business Development Vientiane, Lao PDR (15-16 March 2007) Ram Sharma Tiwaree, DrEng Information Technology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Background and Outcome of Regional Workshop National Workshop on Capacity Building in Public Policy issues on Use of Internet for Business Development Vientiane, Lao PDR (15-16 March 2007) Ram Sharma Tiwaree, DrEng Information Technology

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Title: Background and Outcome of Regional Workshop National Workshop on Capacity Building in Public Policy issues on Use of Internet for Business Development Vientiane, Lao PDR (15-16 March 2007) Ram Sharma Tiwaree, DrEng Information Technology


1
Background and Outcome of Regional
WorkshopNational Workshop on Capacity Building
in Public Policy issues on Use of Internet for
Business DevelopmentVientiane, Lao PDR (15-16
March 2007)Ram Sharma Tiwaree,
DrEngInformation Technology OfficerInformation,
Communication and Space Technology
DivisionEmail tiwaree_at_un.org
2

Contents
  • Growth in Internet users and Penetration rate
  • Internet Use by Enterprises/Businesses
  • Internet and WSIS (inc. regional preparations)
  • Objective and Outcome of the regional workshop
    and your expected contribution to the national
    workshop

3
Internet Growth
  • Internet, a communication platform riding on
    network access technologies, such as, fixed line,
    mobile cellular, wireless terrestrial and
    satellite, has increasingly gained wide-spread
    recognition as a knowledge infrastructure.
  • Each and every day the Internet and World Wide
    Web (www), a multimedia database within the
    Internet, grow exponentially.
  • New sites (pages) and information are being added
    and modified constantly and simultaneously by
    users - information providers - around the globe.
  • Internet Today- a critical, global
    infrastructure a network of networks
    multi-lingual, multi-cultural, multi-jurisdictiona
    l constantly evolving, and providing basis for
    tomorrows information society, global trade..

4

Global Internet Users
5
Global Internet Penetration rate
World Regions Internet Users 2005 Penetration rate 2004 Penetration rate 2005
Africa 32,753,700 (3.4) 2.6 3.72
Asia-Pacific 385,457,300 (40.0) 8.6 9.8 (3 in 2000)
Europe 269,605,200 (28.0) 31.2 33.71
Americas 276,455,500 (28.6) 28.3 31.55
Total 964,271,700 13.8 15.17 (6.6 in 2000)
6

Digital Divide
7
Top 10 Internet User Countries in the World (2005)
  • United States 185,000,000 users, 63.0
    penetration rate
  • China - 111,000,000 users, 8.44 penetration rate
  • Japan - 64,160 users, 50.2 penetration rate
  • India - 60,000,000 users, 5.44 penetration rate
  • Germany - 37,500,000 users, 45.35 penetration
    rate
  • United Kingdom - 37,600,000 users, 62.88
    penetration rate
  • Republic of Korea - 33,010,000 users, 68.35
    penetration rate
  • Italy - 27,900,000 users, 48.03 penetration rate
  • France 26,154,000 users, 43.23 penetration
    rate
  • Brazil 22,000,000 users, 11.96 penetration
    rate

8
Countries/Territories with Highest Internet
Penetration Rate in Asia and the Pacific (21
countries/territories With IPR over 50 in the
world)
Ranking Countries/Territories Internet Users Penetration Rate ()
3 Australia 14,190,000 70.4
4 Republic of Korea 33,010,000 68.35
13 New Zealand 2,350,000 58.91
14 Taiwan Province of China 13,210,000 58.01
15 Singapore 2,421,800 57.87
18 Japan 64,160,000 50.2
19 Hong Kong, China 3,526,200 50.02
1 Iceland 258,000 87.76
9
Asia-Pacific Countries with Internet Penetration
Rate less than one percent (2005)
Countries Internet Users Internet Penetration rate ()
Afghanistan 30,000 0.10
Bangladesh 300,000 0.22
Cambodia 41,000 0.28
Lao PDR 25,000 0.42
Nepal 112,500 0.41
Solomon Islands 4,000 0.84
Tajikistan 5,000 0.08
Turkmenistan 36,000 0.73
still large digital divide between developed and
developing countries......
10

Broadband on rise
  • Broadband Technologies, e.g., DSL, cable modems,
    fixed wireless, wireless LANs, etc., bring
    significant improvements in terms of increasing
    capacity and speed.
  • Broadband access to Internet has become a regular
    feature in developed countries enterprises.
  • For certain e-business solutions, broadband has
    become indispensable. Broadband access allows
    companies to have multipurpose telecommunications
    lines, which can be, particularly, attractive to
    SMEs.
  • In 2004, broadband Internet subscribers
    represented about 2.5 of the world population,
    and 38 of all Internet subscribers. Broadband
    subscribers by region in 2004 Asia-Pacific
    41.8, Europe 27.7 Americas 30.5 and
    Africa 0.1

11

Broadband Penetration
12
Broadband use/Penetration
  • China has remarkable growth 0 in 2001 to 17
    million in 2004, third largest broadband
    subscribers after the US and Japan
  • However, low penetration rate in China 1.3
    subscribers/100 inhabitants.
  • In many developing countries, especially, LDCs,
    and countries with economies in transition in
    Asia-Pacific, use of broadband technologies
    introduced, very low penetration. Very large
    digital divide in terms of broadband penetration,
    exists.
  • For many SMEs in developing countries, which do
    not have such access, the leap towards a more
    integrated adoption of ICTs in business processes
    may largely depends on improved access to
    Internet, in terms of quality and access.

13
Internet access and use Business/Enterprises
  • Very high proportion of enterprises connected
    to Internet in developed countries 89 in EU (77
    to 88 - small 92 to 97 -medium 97 to 99 -
    large size for the period 2002-04)
  • OECD countries also had high proportion of
    Internet access by enterprises
  • In Asia-Pacific, Internet access by enterprises
    in 2004 Australia 88.6 NZ 84 ROK 94
    Singapore 76 Thailand 9
  • Thailand (proportion of business access to
    Internet () in 2003 7.2 (of 800,425 enterprises
    surveyed with 1-15 employees) 45.6 (of 120,096 w
    16-25) 59.4 (of 5,879 w 31-50)73.3 (of 6,556 w
    51-200) 90.1 (of 2,119 w 200).

14
Internet access and use Business/Enterprises
  • Use of Internet by enterprises include
  • E-mail, Information search
  • Monitoring the market, Communications other than
    e-mail
  • Advertising of goods services
  • Transaction or communication w/trading partner
  • Banking and financial services
  • Others (including RD)

15
E-commerce activities
E-Commerce by Enterprises
  • E-commerce, understood as placing and receiving
    orders over the Internet and other networks,
    continues to grow in many countries exact data
    not very common
  • E-commerce sales continues to grow in the US and
    Canada, so as EU
  • In Asia and the Pacific region, information of
    e-Commerce-virtually non-existent In 2002,
    business receiving order in Japan was 18 (with
    100 or more employees), in Australia 13

Businesses HK,04 Kaz,04 Mac,03 Phil,02 ROK,03 RUS,03 Sing,03 Thai,04
placing order over Internet 2.4 30.0 10.9 3.4 7.2 24.1 33.7 7.8
receiving order over Internet 19.4 29.4 12.5 10.8 25.5 27.9 45.5 12.2
16
Internet and the WSIS
  • The vital role of Internet for the Information
    Society - well recognized by the WSIS, in Geneva
    in 2003 and Tunis in 2005
  • The WSIS declared that the Internet - a central
    element of the emerging information society and
    had an important role to play in attaining the
    targets set forth in the MDGs
  • WSIS in Tunis recognized - there were many
    cross-cutting international public policy issues
    - not adequately addressed by the current
    mechanism
  • called upon the organizations responsible for
    essential tasks associated with the Internet to
    contribute to creating an environment that
    facilitates the development of public policy
    principles.

17
Regional Consultations on Internet Governance
  • UNESCAP and UNDP-APDIP made regional
    consultations on Internet Governance,
  • the outcome - presented to the WSIS process as
    this region's contribution to the global
    discussions,
  • findings include that many governments do not
    have the capacity and understanding of Internet
    development issues and especially public policy
    issues of Internet use and Governance,
  • Public-private-partnership play importance roles
    in public policy issues and role of International
    organizations role in capacity building.

18
Survey on Internet Issues in Asia-Pacific
  • Survey in 2004/05
  • across the Asia-Pacific region
  • multi-language (12 languages)
  • over 37 countries including many Pacific island
    countries
  • over 1200 submitted questionnaires
  • http//survey.apdip.net Online running on FOSS
    and implementing Unicode

19

Asia-Pacific Thailand Issue dissatisfied satisfied no view
2 1 Virus attacks 98.2 1.8 0.0
1 2 Cyber crime, online fraud 96.4 0.0 3.6
3 3 Spam 94.6 3.6 1.8
4 4 Illegal content 78.6 17.9 3.6
5 5 Privacy online 64.3 32.1 3.6
7 6 Reliability and speed of Internet 54.4 45.6 0.0
9 7 Wireless Internet spectrum and access 48.2 30.4 21.4
11 8 Availability of local language software 45.6 42.1 12.3
10 9 E-commerce payment systems 43.9 42.1 14.0
13 10 Fair access to/ protection of intellectual property 43.9 29.8 26.3
17 11 Secure server / encryption 42.1 33.3 24.6
6 12 Availability and cost of Internet 40.4 59.6 0.0
8 13 Online access to government information 36.8 59.6 3.5
14 14 Internet telephony (VoIP) 35.7 32.1 32.1
12 15 Availability of local content 35.1 57.9 7.0
19 16 Domain names with non-Roman character sets (IDN) 35.1 29.8 35.1
18 17 Access to technical standards and their adaptability 35.1 33.3 31.6
16 18 ISP market conditions 33.9 42.9 23.2
15 19 Network interconnection/ backbone access 30.4 44.6 25.0
20 20 Domain name management 26.3 45.6 28.1
21 21 IP address allocation / management 23.6 40.0 36.4
22 22 Own skills for using Internet 3.5 94.7 1.8
20
Regional Consultations on Internet Governance
  • Covered wide range of issues
  • which touched upon promotion of awareness,
    capacity building on issues of public policies
    for Internet use dealing with cybercrime and
    security, intellectual property rights, spam,
    virus, pornography, fraud for e-commerce, etc.
  • http//www.unescap.org/icstd/wsis_preparations.asp

Towards addressing the above issues and as part
of the follow up to WSIS
Regional Workshop 18-20/10.06 in Bangkok
13 countries, 4 international org, 38 participants
21
Outcome of Regional Workshop, Bangkok 18-20 Oct 06
  • Workshop discussed and develop a set of training
    modules on the use of Internet for business
    development
  • The training modules include the followings
  • ICT, Internet Use for Business Development with
    focus on SMEs
  • E-Commerce Legislation and Policymaking
  • FOSS in Business Development SMEs
  • Cybercrime and Security Policy Issues and Other
    Policy Issues to Promote Internet Use, and
    Enhance Consumer and Earn Global Market
    Confidence, and Way Forward.

22
Training modules to be used
  • serve as a reference, principally, for Internet
    policy makers, and implementers in developing
    countries and countries with economies in
    transition in Asia and the Pacific.
  • provide guidance on the various
    legislative/policy issues and options that,
    especially, encourage SMEs to take advantages of
    the Internet to actively participate in the
    global and national markets.
  • build/enhance capacity of the participants of
    national training workshops on the importance of
    use of Internet for business development and to
    find solutions to the existing problems and
    constraints.
  • Finally, your comments to further improve the
    modules.

23

Thank You for your kind attention For more
information, please visit the following http//ww
w.unescap.org/icstd/wsis_preparations.asp http//w
ww.itu.int/wsis/ http//www.apdip.net/
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