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Periods of English Literature (Norton Anthology)

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Title: Periods of English Literature (Norton Anthology)


1
An Overview of English and American Literature
2
What is English literature? Literature? English?
American literature?
3
Periods of English Literature(Norton Anthology
Periodization)
  • The Middle Ages (  -1485)
  • The Sixteenth Century (1485-1603)
  • The Seventeenth Century (1603-1660)
  • The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century
    (1660-1798)
  • The Romantic Period (1798-1832)
  • The Victorian Age (1832-1901)
  • The Twentieth Century (1901-present)
  •          1914-1945 The Modern
    Period                        
  •          1945-     Postmodern Period

4
Before the Middle Ages ( -1485)The Roman Period
(43 A.D. 410)
  • 56 BC Caesar visited Britain.
  • 40 AD Roman colony founded.
  • 410 Last Roman legion withdrawn from
    England.

5
The Middle Ages ( -1485)The Anglo-Saxon Period
(450-1066)
  • ca. 450 Anglo-Saxon Conquest.
  • 597 Christianity introduced to England by
    St. Augustine..
  • 1066 England conquered by the Normans.

6
The Middle Ages ( -1485)The Norman-French
Period (1066-1340)
  • ca. 1200 Beginnings of Middle English
    literature.
  • 1095 The First Crusade begins.

7
The Middle Ages ( -1485)The Late Middle Ages
(1340-1485)
  • 1387 Geoffrey Chaucer begins to write The
    Canterbury Tales.
  • 1474 First book in English printed by Caxton.

8
The Sixteenth Century (1485-1603)
  • 1485 Henry VII starts the Tudor sovereigns.
  • 1509 Henry VIII becomes king.
  • 1558 Elizabeth I becomes queen.
  • 1576 The Theatre built.
  • 1588 Spanish Armada defeated.
  • 1603 Elizabeth I dies.

9
The Seventeenth Century (1603-1660)
  • 1603 James I starts the Stuart line.
  • 1620 Plymouth colony founded.
  • 1641 Civil War breaks out. All theatres closed.
  • 1649 Charles I executed The commonwealth
    established.
  • 1660 Charles II restored to throne.

10
The Restoration and Eighteenth Century (1660-1798)
  • 1660 Charles II restored to throne.
  • 1668 The Glorious Revolution.
  • 1776 The American colonies united for freedom.
  • 1789 The French Revolution begin.

11
The Romantic Period (1798-1832)
  • 1798 Lyrical Ballads published.
  • 1842 The Reform Bill carried in Parliament.

12
The Victorian Age (1832-1901)
  • 1837 Victoria becomes queen.
  • 1851 The Great Exhibition in London.
  • 1859 Charles Darwins Origin of Species
    published.
  • 1901 Queen Victoria dies.

13
The Twentieth Century (1901- ) Modern Period
(1914-1945)
  • 1914-18 World War I.
  • 1922 T.S. Eliots The Waste Land James
    Joyces Ulysses.
  • 1930 Period of depression begins.
  • 1939-45 World War II breaks out.

14
The Twentieth Century (1901- ) Postmodern
Period (1945- )
15
Periods of American Literature(Norton Anthology
Periodization)
  • Early American Literature 1620-1820
  • American Literature 1820-1865
  • American Literature 1865-1914
  • American Literature between the Wars 1914-1945
  • American Literature Since 1945

16
Early American Literature 1620-1820
  • 1492 Columbus arrives at one of the Bahamas
    Islands.
  • 1620 Mayflower Compact signed.
  • 1776 Declaration of Independence.

17
American Literature 1820-1865
  • 1831 Nat Turners revolt.
  • 1838-39 The Trail of Tears.
  • 1849 California Gold Rush begins.
  • 1861-65 American Civil War.

18
American Literature 1865-1914
  • 1867 Reconstruction Acts.
  • 1871 Great Chicago Fire.

19
American Literature between the Wars1910-1945
  • 1917 U.S. enters World War I.
  • 1929 Great Depression begins.
  • 1941 U.S. enters World War II.

20
American Literature Since 1945
  • 1950 McCarthyism begins.
  • 1961 Vietnam War begins.
  • 1968 Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated.
  • 1975 Vietnam War ends.
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