OVERVIEW of the COMMISSION FOR PUBLIC COMPLAINTS AGAINST THE RCMP - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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OVERVIEW of the COMMISSION FOR PUBLIC COMPLAINTS AGAINST THE RCMP

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Title: OVERVIEW of the COMMISSION FOR PUBLIC COMPLAINTS AGAINST THE RCMP


1
OVERVIEW of the COMMISSION FOR PUBLIC COMPLAINTS
AGAINST THE RCMP
  • Mandate, Challenges and Opportunities
  • May 30, 2007

2
Commission for Public Complaints Against the RCMP
  • Established in 1988
  • Civilian review of conduct by RCMP members
  • Quasi-judicial in nature
  • Offices in Surrey, British Columbia and Ottawa,
    Ontario
  • 44 full-time employees
  • 4.7M annual budget for 2007-2008

3
Public Complaint Process
  • Complaint by member of the public about 2000
    annually
  • Investigation by RCMP
  • RCMP Commissioners report to complainant
  • Review by CPC if requested about 200 annually

4
Additional CPC Options
  • Further Investigation
  • Chair-initiated complaint
  • Public interest investigation
  • Public interest hearing

5
Chronic Review Backlog
6
Review Backlog
  • Challenges
  • 363 review cases as of October 31, 2005
  • Historic nature of backlog
  • 60 of cases in queue for more than one year
  • Many in queue for 2-6 years
  • Increasing Backlog
  • Gradual increase from 307 to 363 cases over
    previous 14 months
  • Projected backlog of 427 cases by end of FY 06-07
  • Outstanding commitment in response to a series of
    audits by the OAG in 1997 and 1998 to implement a
    120-day service standard

7
Impact of Backlog
  • Justice delayed is justice denied
  • Unresponsive to complainants
  • Unfair to individual members of the RCMP
  • Negatively impacted nature and scope of CPCs
    recommendations
  • Undermined credibility of CPC

8
Addressing Review Backlog
  • Dual Action Plan
  • Eliminate backlog by December 31, 2006
  • Implement 120-day performance standard April
    1, 2006

9
Inventory of Review Cases
10
In Summary
  • 490 review reports completed in first 14 months
  • Eliminated backlog by end of the 14th month
  • Implemented 120-day review turnaround at
    beginning of 5th month
  • Completed 80 of new cases within 120 days
  • Reduced average review turnaround time from 527
    (five-year average 2001-2005) to 91 days

11
Resulting Benefits
  • ? More value added/less busy work
  • - relevant recommendations
  • ? Reinforced reputation of CPC as a credible and
    effective review body
  • ? Created internal capacity to undertake value
    added work
  • - outreach to marginalized communities
  • - review of dispositions at first instance
    that had not
  • been appealed
  • - analysis of cases to identify trend lines
  • - input to RCMPs operational policies
  • ? Re-energized staff and enriched work
    environment

12
Additional Challenges
  • ? The public safety threat environment has
    become significantly challenging due to a number
    of factors
  • - globalization
  • - technological advancements
  • - failed or failing states
  • - transnational organized crime
  • - terrorism

13
Additional Challenges (continued)
  • ? Governments have responded by
  • 1) increasing police budgets
  • 2) enacting legislation that erodes individual
    privacy
  • rights
  • ? Police investigative practices have evolved to
    include greater integration amongst law
    enforcement agencies both domestically and
    internationally

14
Additional Challenges (continued)
  • ? There are public concerns about the balance
    between public safety and personal rights and
    freedoms
  • ? Calls for greater transparency and
    accountability of police use of extraordinary
    powers

15
Response to New Challenges
  • ? Current civilian review legislation needs to be
    enhanced
  • ? CPC has drafter model legislation to respond to
    evolving police practices and public expectations

16
CPC Draft Legislative Model
  • ? Key features of the model are
  • - empowering the review body to establish
    criteria to ensure the impartiality and integrity
    of investigations conducted by the RCMP of its
    members
  • - authorizing the review body to monitor such
    investigations and, where it deems appropriate,
    to direct that the Commissioner refer the matter
    for investigation by a different police force
  • - providing unfettered access as of right to
    all information but for Cabinet Confidences

17
CPC Draft Legislative Model (continued)
  • ? Key features contd
  • - creating a positive obligation on law
    enforcement officers to account for their actions
  • - Enlarging the scope of review to include
    actions of retired law enforcement officers and
    non-officers who act under the direction or
    supervision of such officers
  • - creating a new audit/review power and a new
    right to complain about the inadequacy or
    inappropriateness of the policies, procedures,
    guidelines and the ability to respond or provide
    a service or training programs

18
CPC Draft Legislative Model (continued)
  • ? Key features contd
  • - providing the Minister of Public Safety
    with the right to request special reports
    concerning any matter
  • - authorizing the sharing of review body
    reports with provincial ministers who contract
    for RCMP services
  • - authorizing the review body to conduct
    joint investigations and to share information
    with review bodies that have powers, duties and
    functions that are similar

19
CPC Draft Legislative Model (continued)
  • ? Key features contd
  • - ensuring that sensitive information will not
    be improperly disclosed, that testimony heard
    will not be used in any other criminal, civil or
    administrative proceeding
  • - prohibiting the harassment or intimidation of
    witnesses, and the obstruction or interference of
    the review bodys functions
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