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Knowing Your Own Community: Strategies for Community Vulnerability Assessment

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Understand the value of Community Vulnerability Assessments (CVAs) ... Housing stock and tenancy. Race and gender. Ethnic immigrants. Native American homelands ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Knowing Your Own Community: Strategies for Community Vulnerability Assessment


1
Knowing Your Own Community Strategies for
Community Vulnerability Assessment
  • Session 23

2
Session Objectives
  • Understand how U.S. Census data can be used to
    determine a regions general risk level
  • Understand the value of Community Vulnerability
    Assessments (CVAs)
  • Describe what should be included in a Community
    Vulnerability Assessment
  • Expand Societal Analysis to include an
    examination of the social institutions and
    networks within a community

3
Dimensions of Social Vulnerability (Cutter model)
  • Personal wealth and poverty
  • Age structure
  • Development of the built environment
  • Single sector economic reliance
  • Housing stock and tenancy
  • Race and gender
  • Ethnic immigrants
  • Native American homelands
  • Ethnicity
  • Occupation
  • Economic resilience
  • Education

4
Most Vulnerable Counties
  • Manhattan, NY
  • Dade County, FL
  • Los Angeles, CA
  • Kings, NY
  • Benton, WA
  • San Francisco, CA
  • Bronx, NY
  • Duval County, FL
  • Clayton, GA
  • Shannon, SD

5
Community Vulnerability Assessment (CVA)
  • Brings together information about a communitys
    hazard risk and vulnerabilities
  • Involves collecting and making an inventory of
    hazard risk data over time
  • Some look at contextual factors as well
  • Most models today use GIS to map high-risk areas
    in relation to critical facilities

6
Uses of a CVA
  • Provides systematic inventory
  • Establishes a baseline for mitigation
  • Locates hazardous areas in relation to vulnerable
    populations
  • Provides basis for establishing priorities
  • Involves a variety of parties in process
  • Increases community awareness
  • Can also inventory community capabilities

7
Community Vulnerability Analysis
8
What is a disaster-resistant community?
  • Solid economic base
  • Social and economic equity
  • Proactive initiatives to help the most vulnerable
  • Strong community institutions
  • Good family support systems
  • Good coordination among groups
  • Effective leadership
  • Effective government across jurisdictions
  • Community awareness about hazards and mitigation
  • Good land use planning

9
Some Social Factors Affecting Disaster Resistance
  • Political climate
  • Governmental coordination
  • Economic inequities
  • Minority representation
  • Leadership
  • Planning process
  • Others?

10
Answer questions about
  • Community organizations
  • Government agencies
  • NGOs
  • Private organizations
  • Volunteer organizations
  • Religious organizations
  • Representation
  • Coordinating bodies
  • Participation in political process
  • Local government(s)
  • Power structure?
  • Key players?
  • Land use planning
  • Mitigation
  • Emergency and disaster services
  • Mitigation programs
  • Others?

11
Sources of Data
  • Interview community leaders
  • Consult community directories
  • Social services
  • Churches and religious groups
  • Volunteer service organizations
  • Check announcements in local newspapers
  • Look for intra-governmental agreements
  • Others?
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