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Learning to Read and Write


This is a method that teaches children how spoken words are composed of sounds ... body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Learning to Read and Write

Learning to Read and Write Using Letters and
  • Letters and
  • Sounds
  • Jolly Phonics

Letters and sounds
  • This is a method that teaches children how
    spoken words are composed of sounds called
    phonemes and, how the letters in words correspond
    to those phonemes.
  • PHONEME a sound in a word


The process of reading involves blending separate
phonemes together, so that words can be read.
Writing and Spelling
The process of writing or spelling involves
breaking down each word into sounds. Listening
for each phoneme in a word and representing it
with a letter(s).

Lets recap, so we can do a bit of learning!
What is the letter and sounds programme?
  • Letters and Sounds is designed to help
    practitioners and teachers teach the children how
    the alphabet works for reading and spelling by
  • fostering childrens speaking and listening
    skills as valuable in their own right
  • teaching high quality phonic work at the point
    they judge children should begin the programme.

Letters and Sounds
  • Letters and Sounds are taught in six phases.
  • Phase one begins from nursery and can
  • continue into reception.
  • Phase 1
  • Activities are divided into seven aspects
    including environmental sounds, instrumental
    sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme,
    alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral
    blending and segmenting

Phase Two
  • In Phase 2, letters and their sounds are
    introduced one at a time. A set of letters is
    taught each week, in the following sequence
  • Set 1 s, a, t, p Set 2 i, n, m, d Set 3 g,
    o, c, k Set 4 ck, e, u, r Set 5 h, b, f, ff, l,
    ll, ss
  • As soon as each set of letters is introduced,
    children will be encouraged to use their
    knowledge of the letter sounds to blend and sound
    out words. For example, They will learn to blend
    the sounds s-a-t to make the word sat. They will
    also start learning to segment words. For
    example, they might be asked to find the letter
    sounds that make the word tap from a small
    selection of magnetic letters.

Phase 2 Set 1 Letters and Words
  • In Set 1, the first four letters are
    introduced and seven words can be used for
    segmenting and blending
  • s, a, t, p , a, sat, pat, tap, sap, as

Phase 2 Set 2 Letters and Words
  • Set 2 includes four new letters. As each new
    letter is learnt, children will be able to sound
    out several new words, as follows
  • i t, is, sit, sat, pit, tip, pip, sip
  • n an, in, nip, pan, pin, tin, tan, nap
  • m am, man, mam, mat, map, Pam, Tim, Sam
  • d dad, and, sad, dim, dip, din, did, Sid

Phase 2 Set 3 Letters and Words
  • Set 3 introduces four new letters, with 28 new
    decodable words suggested
  • g tag, gag, gig, gap, nag, sag, gas, pig, dig
  • o got, on, not, pot, top, dog, pop, God, Mog
  • c can, cot, cop, cap, cat, cod
  • k kid, kit, Kim, Ken

Phase 2 Set 4 Letters and Words
  • Set 4 introduces four new graphemes, with 36
    new decodable words suggested. For the first
    time, some of the suggested words contain two
    syllables, such as pocket, sunset etc.
  • ck kick, sock, sack, dock, pick, sick, pack,
    ticket, pocket
  • e get, pet, ten, net, pen, peg, met, men, neck
  • u up, mum, run, mug, cup, sun, tuck, mud, sunset
  • r rim, rip, ram, rat, rag, rug, rot, rocket,

Phase 2 Set 5 Letters and Words
  • Set 5 introduces seven graphemes (three of
    which are doubled letters), with 69 new decodable
    words suggested.
  • h had, him, his, hot, hut, hop, hum, hit, hat,
    has, hack, hug
  • b but, big, back, bet, bad, bag, bed, bud, beg,
    bug, bun, bus, Ben, bat, bit, bucket, beckon,
  • f, ff of, if, off, fit, fin, fun, fig, fog, puff,
    huff, cuff, fan, fat
  • l ll lap, let, leg, lot, lit, bell, fill, doll,
    tell, sell, Bill, Nell, dull, laptop
  • ss less, hiss, mass, mess, boss, fuss, hiss,
    pass, kiss, Tess, fusspot

Letters and Sounds
  • Then we will concentrate the more difficult
    code such as one phoneme represented by 2
  • sh ch qu ck ng

Letters and Sounds
  • When that is mastered, your child will learn
    the more advanced code.
  • This is when a single phoneme can be
    represented by many letters.

Here is an example.
  • a - paper
  • ay play
  • ey - hey
  • a-e spade
  • eigh eight
  • ei as in vein
  • ai as in plain

How can you help?
  • By pronouncing the phonemes in the correct way.
  • By helping your child with word breaking and
    blending activities at home.
  • By reading with your child as often as possible.

Jolly Phonics
  • Jolly Phonics is a fun and interactive way of
    learning Phonics.
  • Multi-sensory approach makes it memorable for all

The Actions
  • Each phoneme in Jolly Phonics has its own action.
  • It will help your child if you can use these with
    them at home.

Thank you for your continued support of your
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