CHRISTIANITY AND MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – CHRISTIANITY AND MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 25f54a-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

CHRISTIANITY AND MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION

Description:

The Pope was at the top of a pyramid followed by bishops and later priests. ... chiefly ruled: the sacred authority of the priesthood and the authority of kings. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:23
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: johnbk1
Learn more at: http://www.myteacherpages.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: CHRISTIANITY AND MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION


1
CHRISTIANITY AND MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION
  • Patterns of Interaction Ch. 13 14
  • Bentley Ch. 17 20
  • Journal What emotions/feelings are evoked by
    the smells, sights and sounds you are
    experiencing? What purpose might they serve?

2
(No Transcript)
3
(No Transcript)
4
Rose Windows
5
CHURCH STRUCTURE FUNCTION
  • The Pope was at the top of a pyramid followed by
    bishops and later priests.
  • Most local priest were the only contact locals
    had with the church
  • The church acted as a unifying force in all of
    Europe

6
CHURCH STRUCTURE FUNCTION
  • Sacraments are an outward symbol of an inward
    grace
  • Required the presence of a priest for the most
    part
  • The church organized and coordinated most
    holidays (Holy Days) which are now modern
    holidays.

7
CHURCH STRUCTURE FUNCTION
  • 7 Sacraments
  • Baptism
  • Matrimony
  • Confirmation
  • Holy Eucharist
  • Penance
  • Anointing the sick
  • Holy Orders

8
Journal
  • Read page 343 History Through Art
  • Complete the questions on page 344 (1-3)

9
Journal
  • What if any purpose is there in creating a
    separation of church and state?
  • Gregorian Chant
  • Pope Gregory I (590-604) ?
  • Carolingian Synthesis?

10
CHURCH AND STATE
  • There are two powers by which this world is
    chiefly ruled the sacred authority of the
    priesthood and the authority of kings.
  • Pope Gelasius I 6th Century CE
  • The King had a political sword and the Church a
    spiritual one
  • Both disagreed on what this meant
  • 800 CE Pope Leo III crowns Charlemagne the Holy
    Roman Emperor
  • This arrangement / clash will contribute to
    political fragmentation

11
CHURCH STRUCTURE FUNCTION
  • Canon Law The law of the Church.
  • Courts were established to try the accused of
    breaking canon law.
  • Punishments
  • Excommunication banishment from the church
  • Interdict Removal of the sacraments from a
    Kings region

12
CHURCH STRUCTURE FUNCTION
  • How could a Pope influence a Kings decisions?
  • Excommunication
  • Interdict
  • Crowning
  • How could a King influence a Pope?
  • Lay Investiture Appointment of church officials

13
CHURCH STATE CLASH
  • 1075 Gregory VII banned lay investiture and
    Emperor Henry IV called for him to step down
  • Showdown at Canossa (p. 334)
  • Concordat of Worms 1122 the Church held the
    right to appoint a bishop but the state could
    veto the action.

14
CHURCH PROBLEMS
  • Simony Buying and selling of church positions
  • Priest and Bishop Marriages
  • Nepotism The granting of church positions to
    family members
  • Lay Investiture

15
CHURCH REFORMS
  • Monasticism Religious communities used to adapt
    to the rural nature of Europe.
  • Opened schools, libraries, and copied books
  • Convents Home to nuns
  • Benedict 529 The Rule
  • St. Scholastica Sister of Benedict
  • Cluny Home to Benedictine Monastery in 910
    which advocated reforms (Gregory VII)
  • Friar Saint Francis of Assisi (12th century)
  • Dominic de Guzman (13th century)

16
CHURCH REFORMS
  • Pope Gregory VII spent time at Cluny and
    continued reforms as Pope
  • Structured much like a kingdom
  • Papal Curia, Canon Law, ambassadors
  • The church began to take on social services like
    caring for the poor.
  • Christian Mysticism came to new heights.

17
CHURCH INNOVATION
  • Gothic Cathedrals
  • pointed ribbed vaults
  • tall spires

18
(No Transcript)
19
(No Transcript)
20
Flying Buttresses
21
(No Transcript)
22
Rose Windows
23
Gargoyles
24
(No Transcript)
25
THE CRUSADES
  • The Crusades
  • Consisted of several attempts by European powers
    to control the Holy Land
  • Occurred over 200 years
  • The Crusades were an attempt by the Pope (Urban
    II) to limit conflict in Europe
  • The nobility and feudalism were weakened
  • Trade was stimulated and Europe was opened up to
    Arab innovations
  • Arabs developed a distrust of Christians
  • It affected Europe much more than the East by
    introducing classical texts from the Byzantine
    Empire and trade goods and technologies from the
    Muslims

26
The Plague (Bubonic, Black Death)
  • Transmission
  • Mongols, Rats, Fleas
  • 1345-1346 Kaffa and the Mongols
  • 1347 Sicily
  • Europe 20-25 million (1/3 of populations)
  • SW Asia 4 million
  • China 35 million
  • Effects
  • Population drops, serfs flee the Manor, demand
    for higher wages increase, peasants revolted
  • Church lost influence
  • Pessimism was widespread
About PowerShow.com