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2004-2005%20Pharmacology%20Review%20of%20Everything%20(Principles,%20Cardiovascular%20and%20Respiratory%20drugs%20have%20been%20updated)

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Title: 2004-2005%20Pharmacology%20Review%20of%20Everything%20(Principles,%20Cardiovascular%20and%20Respiratory%20drugs%20have%20been%20updated)


1
2004-2005Pharmacology Reviewof
Everything(Principles, Cardiovascular and
Respiratory drugs have been updated)
2 September 2018609 AM
2
Droperidol
  • Antiemetic
  • D2 receptor antagonist

3
Drotrecogin alfa(Activated Protein C)
  • Anticoagulant
  • Many actionsTreatment for septic shock

4
Dutasteride
  • Antiandrogen
  • Androgen synthesis inhibitor5?-reductase
    inhibitor

5
Echinacea purpurea
  • Dietary supplement
  • Immune system stimulant

6
Ecothiophate
  • Anticholinesterase
  • VasodilatorBronchoconstrictorGlaucoma treatment

7
Edrophonium
  • Anticholinesterase
  • VasodilatorDiagnostic for myaesthenia
    gravisBronchoconstrictor

8
Efavirenz
  • Antiretroviral
  • Non-nucleoside reversetranscriptase inhibitor
    (NNRTI)

9
Enalapril
  • Antihypertensive
  • Converting enzyme inhibitor Angioedema producer

10
Enflurane
  • General anaesthetic
  • Inhaled anaesthetic

11
Enfuvirtide (T-20)
  • Antiretroviral
  • Fusion inhibitor

12
Enoxaparin
  • Anticoagulant
  • LMW HeparinATIII activator

13
Entacapone
  • Antiparkinson
  • Peripheral catechol-o-methyltransferase inhibitor

14
Ephedra(Ma Huang)
  • Dietary supplement
  • Amphetamine-like stimulant

15
Ephedrine
  • Indirect sympathomimetic
  • VasoconstrictorBronchodilatorDecongestant

16
Epinephrine
  • Sympathomimetic? and ? adrenergic agonist
  • VasoconstrictorBronchodilator

17
Eprosartan
  • Antihypertensive
  • Angiotensin receptor blocker(ARB)

18
Ergonovine
  • Oxytocic ergot alkaloid
  • Uterine stimulant

19
Erythromycin
  • Macrolide antibioticBacteriostatic protein
    synthesis inhibitor
  • 50S ribosomeInhibits translocation

20
Erythropoietin (EPO)
  • Cytokine
  • Primary regulator of RBC synthesis

21
Esmolol
  • Sympatholytic?1 adrenergic antagonist Class II
    Antiarrhythmic
  • AntihypertensiveBronchoconstrictor

22
Estraderm
  • Estrogen
  • Transdermal formulation

23
Estradiol
  • Estrogen
  • Primary natural female gonadal steroid

24
Estriol
  • Estrogen
  • Natural female gonadal steroid

25
Estrone
  • Estrogen
  • Natural female gonadal steroid

26
Etanercept
  • TNF inhibitor
  • Tumor necrosis factor receptor Fc portion of
    IgGUsed in rheumatoid arthritis

27
Ethacrynic acid
  • Loop diuretic
  • Na-K-2Cl symporter inhibitor

28
Ethambutol
  • Antibiotic
  • Major drug for tuberculosis

29
Ethanol
  • Drug of abuse
  • Sedative

30
Ethinyl estradiol
  • Estrogen
  • Synthetic female gonadal steroidCombination oral
    contraceptive

31
Ethionamide
  • Antibiotic
  • Secondary drug for tuberculosis

32
Ethynodiol diacetate
  • Progestin
  • 19-nor testosterone analogCombination oral
    contraceptive

33
Etidronate
  • Anti-osteoporesis
  • BisphosphonateInhibitor of osteoclast-mediated
    bone resorption

34
Etoposide
  • Antineoplastic
  • Natural productPlant alkaloid

35
Ethosuximide
  • Anticonvulsant

36
Etomidate
  • General anaesthetic
  • Intravenous anaesthetic

37
Exemestane
  • AntineoplasticAntiestrogen
  • Aromatase Inhibitor

38
Ezitimibe
  • Antihyperlipidemic
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitor

39
Famciclovir
  • Antiherpes
  • Purine analogPhosphorylated to an inhibitor
    ofviral DNA polymerase

40
Famotidine
  • AntihistamineAntiulcer
  • H2 receptor antagonist

41
Felodipine
  • Antihypertensive
  • Calcium channel blocker

42
Fenofibrate
  • Antihyperlipidemic
  • Lipoprotein lipase activator

43
Fentanyl
  • OpioidAnalgesic
  • ? receptor agonist

44
Fexofenadine
  • Antihistamine
  • H1 antagonistNon-sedating

45
Finasteride
  • Antiandrogen
  • Androgen synthesis inhibitor5?-reductase
    inhibitor

46
Flecainide
  • Class I antiarrhythmic
  • Na channel blocker

47
Fluconazole
  • Triazole antifungal
  • Inhibits synthesis of ergosterol by inhibiting
    lanosterol 14a demethylase

48
Flucytosine
  • Antifungal
  • Converted by fungi to 5-fluorouracil ? faulty RNA
    and DNA synthesis

49
Fludrocortisone
  • AdrenocorticosteroidMineralocorticoid

50
Flumazenil
  • Benzodiazepine antagonist
  • Acts on GABAA receptor complex

51
Flunisolide
  • AdrenocorticosteroidGlucocorticoid
  • Anti-inflammatory steroidInhaled

52
Fluorinated Quinolonesciprofloxacin, norfloxacin
  • AntibioticsDNA replication inhibitors
  • Inhibit bacterial DNA gyrase

53
5-Fluorouracil
  • Antineoplastic
  • AntimetaboliteThymidylate synthase inhibitor

54
Fluoxetine
  • Antidepressant
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)

55
Flurazepam
  • Sedative/Hypnotic
  • Benzodiazepine Acts on GABAA receptor complex

56
Flutamide
  • AntiandrogenAntineoplastic
  • Androgen receptor antagonist

57
Fluticasone
  • AdrenocorticosteroidGlucocorticoid
  • Anti-inflammatory steroidInhaled

58
Fluvastatin
  • Antihyperlipidemic
  • HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor

59
Folic acid
  • Vitamin
  • Treatment for folicacid deficiency

60
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
  • Anterior pituitary hormone
  • Regulator of gonadal function

61
Formoterol
  • Sympathomimetic?2 adrenergic agonist
  • Long acting bronchodilator

62
Foscarnet
  • Antiherpes
  • Pyrophosphate analogDirectly inhibits viral DNA
    polymerase

63
Fosinopril
  • Antihypertensive
  • Converting enzyme inhibitor

64
Fulvestrant
  • AntineoplasticAntiestrogen
  • Estrogen receptor antagonist

65
Furosemide
  • Loop diuretic
  • Na-K-2Cl symporter inhibitorAntihypertensive

66
Ganciclovir
  • Antiherpes
  • Purine analogPhosphorylated to an inhibitorof
    viral DNA polymerase

67
Ganirelix
  • Gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist
  • Synthetic GnRH analogue

68
Gemfibrozil
  • Antihyperlipidemic
  • Lipoprotein lipase activator

69
Gemtuzumab
  • Antineoplastic
  • Anti-CD33 antibody

70
Gentamicin
  • Aminoglycoside antibioticBactericidal protein
    synthesis inhibitor
  • 30S ribosomeFreezes initiation

71
Ginko biloba
  • Dietary supplement
  • Treatment of Alzheimer symptoms

72
Ginseng
  • Dietary supplement
  • Improvement in energy and vitality

73
Glargine insulin
  • HormoneInsulin analogue
  • Long acting

74
Glimepiride
  • Oral hypoglycemic
  • SulfonylureaInsulinotropic

75
Glipizide
  • Oral hypoglycemic
  • SulfonylureaInsulinotropic

76
Glucagon
  • Pancreatic hormone
  • Stimulates glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis and
    ketogenesis

77
Glutethimide
  • Sedative/Hypnotic

78
Glyburide
  • Oral hypoglycemic
  • SulfonylureaInsulinotropic

79
Gold salts
auranofin, aurothioglucose
  • Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD)

80
Gonadorelin
  • Gonadotropin releasing hormone(GnRH)
  • Synthetic form of natural GnRHInsulinotropic

81
Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone (GnRH)
  • Hypothalamic hormone
  • Stimulates release of FSH and LH from the
    anterior pituitary

82
Goserelin
  • AntineoplasticGonadotropin releasing
    hormone(GnRH) agonist

83
Granisetron
  • Antiemetic
  • 5HT3 receptor antagonist

84
Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF)
  • Cytokine
  • Granulocyte synthesis stimulator

85
Granulocyte/Monocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor
(GM-CSF)
  • Cytokine
  • WBC (granulocytes and monocyte) synthesis
    stimulator

86
Griseofulvin
  • Antifungal
  • Binds to microtubules

87
Growth Hormone-releasing Hormone (GHRH)
  • Hypothalamic hormone
  • Stimulates release of growth hormone from the
    anterior pituitary

88
Growth HormoneSomatotropin(GH)
  • Anterior pituitary hormone
  • Stimulates insulin-like growth factor I release
    (? growth at open epiphyses), lipolysis and
    skeletal muscle growth

89
Guanabenz
  • Sympatholytic
  • Antihypertensive

90
Guanadrel
  • Sympatholytic
  • Antihypertensive

91
Guanethidine
  • Sympatholytic
  • Antihypertensive

92
Guanfacine
  • Sympatholytic?2 adrenergic agonist
  • Antihypertensive

93
Haloperidol
  • Antipsychotic

94
Halothane
  • General anaesthetic
  • Inhaled anaesthetic

95
Heparin
  • Anticoagulant
  • ATIII activator

96
Heroin
  • Drug of abuse
  • Opioid

97
Hirudin
  • Anticoagulant
  • Direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI)

98
Histamine
  • Inflammatory mediator
  • Stored in mast cells and basophils

99
Histrelin
  • Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist
  • Synthetic GnRH analogue

100
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
  • Placental hormone
  • Stimulates ovarianprogesterone
    productionMaintains placenta

101
Hydralazine
  • Vasodilator
  • Antihypertensive
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