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The Key to a Safe Home: Preventing the 5 Most Common Types of Childhood Home Injuries

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Title: The Key to a Safe Home: Preventing the 5 Most Common Types of Childhood Home Injuries


1
The Key to a Safe Home Preventing the 5 Most
Common Types of Childhood Home Injuries
  • Presented by
  • Cara Fast, MSW
  • Safe Children Programs Manager
  • Riley Safety Store Manager
  • Riley Community Education and Child Advocacy
  • Riley Hospital for Children
  • Indianapolis, Indiana

2
Session Goals
  • Give an overview of the 5 most common childhood
    home injuries
  • Give tips/education on how to prevent these
    injuries
  • Introduce you to the Riley Safety Store and Safe
    Escape Program
  • Provide you with resources to help educate
    families about injury prevention

3
Injury Facts
  • Accidental injury is the leading cause of death
    for children ages 1-14 years in Indiana and
    nationwide
  • Most child injuries can be prevented with proper
    adult supervision.
  • Safety products when installed, used, and
    maintained correctly can help protect your
    children and family against accidental injury.
  • Source SAFE Kids Worldwide
  • Centers for Disease Control and
    Prevention

4
Leading Causes of Unintentional Injury
Admissions, Riley Hospital for Children
  • Riley Hospital unintentional injury admissions,
    2001-2004
  • 1 Falls
  • 2 Burns
  • 3 Motor Vehicle Accidents
  • 4 Bike
  • 5 Pedestrian
  • Source Riley Hospital Trauma Registry,
    Kiwanis-Riley Trauma Life Center

5
The 5 Most Common Home Injuries include
  • Fires and burns
  • Poisoning
  • Choking and suffocation
  • Drowning
  • Falls
  • Source Home Safety Council

6
Prevent Fires and Burns (and scalds)
  • Lock up matches and lighters out of a childs
    reach.
  • Keep gasoline cigarettes, gasoline, and other
    flammable products away from children.
  • Install a smoke detector on every level of your
    home, including your basement.
  • Install smoke detectors in all sleeping areas.

7
Prevent Fires and Burns (continued)
  • Install Dual Sensor Smoke Alarms with ionization
    (detect fast flaming fires) and photoelectric
    (detect smoldering fires) technology when
    possible.
  • Check the batteries in your smoke detector once a
    month to make sure that they are working
    properly.
  • Change smoke detectors batteries twice a year, no
    matter what. A good time to do this is when you
    change your clocks.
  • Hard wired smoke alarms have battery backup so
    you must check batteries monthly and change them
    twice a year.

8
Prevent Fire and Burns (continued)
  • Develop and practice a fire escape plan with your
    family that has at least 2 ways out of each room.
  • Designate a safe meeting place outside your home
    so family members know where to look for one
    another after they exit the fire.

9
Prevent Fires and Burns (continued)
  • If your child has a disability or special health
    care need, notify your local fire department in
    advance of an emergency so they will be familiar
    with your childs needs.
  • To learn more about fire and emergency evacuation
    information and safety products for kids with
    disabilities and special health care needs, call
    317-274-6565 or 888-365-2022 (toll-free).

10
Prevent Fires and Burns (Scalds)
  • Use caution when removing foods from the
    microwave. Cool and test food and drinks before
    giving to children.
  • When cooking on the stove, use the back burners
    when possible and turn pan handles towards the
    center. Never leave cooking unattended!
  • To prevent scald burns, use a thermometer to
    check that bath water is 96-100F before putting
    a child in the bathtub. Set the water heater
    temperature to 120 F. Install anti-scald
    devices on sink faucets and tub spouts.

11
Prevent Poisoning
  • All substances can be dangerous if misused.
  • Store all medicines, cleaners, and other poisons
    in their original containers and make sure they
    are locked up and out of a childs reach.
  • Dont rely on child proof medicine caps-Always
    supervise your child to help prevent poisoning.

12
Prevent Poisoning (continued)
  • Call the National Poison Control Center hotline
    at 1-800-222-1222 immediately if you suspect your
    child has swallowed or been exposed to a
    poisonous substance. When calling this number, it
    will automatically connect you to the closest
    poison center near you.
  • Trained staff will direct you on what you need to
    do to best care for your child and will direct
    you to emergency care, if necessary.

13
Prevent Choking and Suffocation
  • Place infant on his/her back to sleep in a safe
    crib.
  • Keep blankets, pillows, bumper pads, and stuffed
    toys out of babys crib.
  • Place babys crib away from windows and use cord
    wrap to help keep blinds and drapery cords out of
    a childs reach.

14
Prevent Choking and Suffocation (continued)
  • Toys that fit in a cardboard toilet paper roll
    are too small and are a choking hazard for young
    children.
  • Read toy labels to make sure that they are
    appropriate for your childs age and development.
  • Remind older children not to give their younger
    brothers and sisters toys that may be choking
    hazards.

15
Prevent Drowning
  • Never leave a child unattended in or around
    water, including the bathtub. Always take the
    child with you to respond to a distraction or
    emergency.
  • Install a five-foot self-closing, self-locking
    fence around a swimming pool or hot tub.

16
Prevent drowning (continued)
  • Children can drown in common household objects
    like bathroom toilets, wading pools, and cleaning
    buckets.
  • Install toilet locks to prevent drowning.
  • Empty all water containers, including buckets and
    wading pools after each use.

Photo Source www.safety1st.com
17
Prevent Falls
  • Install a safety gate at the top and bottom of
    stairs.
  • Never use a pressure mounted gate at the top of
    the stairs. Instead, choose a gate that requires
    hardware mounting.
  • Keep furniture and other objects away from
    windows that can be used for climbing away from
    windows.
  • Install safety latches on all windows above
    ground level. Window screens alone will not help
    prevent falls.

Photo Source www.safety1st.com
18
Prevent Falls (continued)
  • Teach children to wear safety gear-helmets, knee
    pads, and elbow pads- each time that they ride
    their bikes, scooters, and other wheeled toys.
  • Helmets must be worn properly to provide
    protection.
  • Wearing a helmet can reduce the risk of head
    injury 85.

Source SAFE Kids Worldwide
19
(No Transcript)
20
Riley Hospital Safety Store Where Families Can
Learn About Safety…
  • First in the nation to serve families of all
    children, including children with disabilities
    and special care needs.
  • Opened in January of 2005 with grant from FEMA
    and offered fire safety products and education at
    no cost.
  • The Riley Safety Store opened as point of
    purchase program in May of 2005. (still have some
    grant items for Riley patients)
  • Offers low-cost safety products and educational
    information to teach families about injury
    prevention.

21
Who can purchase items at the Riley Safety Store?
  • Answer ANYONE!!!
  • Families of children served at Riley Hospital
  • Families of children throughout Indiana
  • Families and care givers of children with special
    needs
  • Families of all incomes
  • Health care professionals

22
Safety Products
  • The Riley Safety Store offers a wide variety of
    low-cost child safety products, including, but
    not limited to
  • smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, fire escape
    ladders, fire smothering blankets
  • cabinet and door latches, window cord wind-ups,
    furniture corner cushions,
  • baby gates
  • bath tub thermometers, stove guards, stove knob
    covers

23
Sample Products available in the Riley Safety
Store
24
  • The Riley Safety Store offers a variety of
    products specifically designed for children with
    special needs including
  • -Evac-Aides for safe evacuation
  • -Shake-up and strobe smoke detectors for
    children with visual and hearing impairments
  • -Personal Child Alarms
  • -I.D. tags and child locator devices
  • To be eligible to Receive Safe Escape products,
    there must be a Riley patient in the household.

25
Clarian Affiliate Riley Safety Stores
  • Current Stores/Kiosks/Carts
  • Decatur County Memorial Hospital
  • Morgan Hospital Medical Center
  • Tipton Hospital
  • The Childrens Museum of Indianapolis
  • Coming Soon
  • Clarian West, Howard Regional Health System,
    and Schneck Medical Center

26
Riley Safety Store is a Nationwide Replication
Training Site for the Safety Store Concept
  • National Hospitals that Riley has trained
  • The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP),
    PA
  • Texas Childrens Hospital, TX
  • A. I. DuPont Hospital for Children, DE
  • Rady Childrens Hospital and Health Center, CA
  • St. Louis Childrens Hospital, MO
  • Childrens Hospital of Orange County, CA
  • University of Iowa Childrens Hospital, IA
  • Monroe Carell Jr. Childrens Hospital
    _at_Vanderbilt, TN
  • Legacy Emanuel Childrens Hospital, OR
  • Rainbow Babies and Childrens Hospital, OH
  • Childrens Hospital of Michigan, MI

27
For more Information
  • For more information on a Riley Safety Store in
    your area and making your home safe for children
    of all ages and abilities
  • Call (317) 274-6565 or
  • toll-free at 1-888- 365-2022.
  • Visit www.rileyhospital.org/kids1st.

28
Remember-Most Important Take Away Point!!
  • Adult supervision of children is the best way
    to prevent home injuries.
  • When working with families, please emphasize
    this as the key component of education related to
    home safety.
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