The Key to a Safe Home: Preventing the 5 Most Common Types of Childhood Home Injuries - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Key to a Safe Home: Preventing the 5 Most Common Types of Childhood Home Injuries


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Title: The Key to a Safe Home: Preventing the 5 Most Common Types of Childhood Home Injuries

The Key to a Safe Home Preventing the 5 Most
Common Types of Childhood Home Injuries
  • Presented by
  • Cara Fast, MSW
  • Safe Children Programs Manager
  • Riley Safety Store Manager
  • Riley Community Education and Child Advocacy
  • Riley Hospital for Children
  • Indianapolis, Indiana

Session Goals
  • Give an overview of the 5 most common childhood
    home injuries
  • Give tips/education on how to prevent these
  • Introduce you to the Riley Safety Store and Safe
    Escape Program
  • Provide you with resources to help educate
    families about injury prevention

Injury Facts
  • Accidental injury is the leading cause of death
    for children ages 1-14 years in Indiana and
  • Most child injuries can be prevented with proper
    adult supervision.
  • Safety products when installed, used, and
    maintained correctly can help protect your
    children and family against accidental injury.
  • Source SAFE Kids Worldwide
  • Centers for Disease Control and

Leading Causes of Unintentional Injury
Admissions, Riley Hospital for Children
  • Riley Hospital unintentional injury admissions,
  • 1 Falls
  • 2 Burns
  • 3 Motor Vehicle Accidents
  • 4 Bike
  • 5 Pedestrian
  • Source Riley Hospital Trauma Registry,
    Kiwanis-Riley Trauma Life Center

The 5 Most Common Home Injuries include
  • Fires and burns
  • Poisoning
  • Choking and suffocation
  • Drowning
  • Falls
  • Source Home Safety Council

Prevent Fires and Burns (and scalds)
  • Lock up matches and lighters out of a childs
  • Keep gasoline cigarettes, gasoline, and other
    flammable products away from children.
  • Install a smoke detector on every level of your
    home, including your basement.
  • Install smoke detectors in all sleeping areas.

Prevent Fires and Burns (continued)
  • Install Dual Sensor Smoke Alarms with ionization
    (detect fast flaming fires) and photoelectric
    (detect smoldering fires) technology when
  • Check the batteries in your smoke detector once a
    month to make sure that they are working
  • Change smoke detectors batteries twice a year, no
    matter what. A good time to do this is when you
    change your clocks.
  • Hard wired smoke alarms have battery backup so
    you must check batteries monthly and change them
    twice a year.

Prevent Fire and Burns (continued)
  • Develop and practice a fire escape plan with your
    family that has at least 2 ways out of each room.
  • Designate a safe meeting place outside your home
    so family members know where to look for one
    another after they exit the fire.

Prevent Fires and Burns (continued)
  • If your child has a disability or special health
    care need, notify your local fire department in
    advance of an emergency so they will be familiar
    with your childs needs.
  • To learn more about fire and emergency evacuation
    information and safety products for kids with
    disabilities and special health care needs, call
    317-274-6565 or 888-365-2022 (toll-free).

Prevent Fires and Burns (Scalds)
  • Use caution when removing foods from the
    microwave. Cool and test food and drinks before
    giving to children.
  • When cooking on the stove, use the back burners
    when possible and turn pan handles towards the
    center. Never leave cooking unattended!
  • To prevent scald burns, use a thermometer to
    check that bath water is 96-100F before putting
    a child in the bathtub. Set the water heater
    temperature to 120 F. Install anti-scald
    devices on sink faucets and tub spouts.

Prevent Poisoning
  • All substances can be dangerous if misused.
  • Store all medicines, cleaners, and other poisons
    in their original containers and make sure they
    are locked up and out of a childs reach.
  • Dont rely on child proof medicine caps-Always
    supervise your child to help prevent poisoning.

Prevent Poisoning (continued)
  • Call the National Poison Control Center hotline
    at 1-800-222-1222 immediately if you suspect your
    child has swallowed or been exposed to a
    poisonous substance. When calling this number, it
    will automatically connect you to the closest
    poison center near you.
  • Trained staff will direct you on what you need to
    do to best care for your child and will direct
    you to emergency care, if necessary.

Prevent Choking and Suffocation
  • Place infant on his/her back to sleep in a safe
  • Keep blankets, pillows, bumper pads, and stuffed
    toys out of babys crib.
  • Place babys crib away from windows and use cord
    wrap to help keep blinds and drapery cords out of
    a childs reach.

Prevent Choking and Suffocation (continued)
  • Toys that fit in a cardboard toilet paper roll
    are too small and are a choking hazard for young
  • Read toy labels to make sure that they are
    appropriate for your childs age and development.
  • Remind older children not to give their younger
    brothers and sisters toys that may be choking

Prevent Drowning
  • Never leave a child unattended in or around
    water, including the bathtub. Always take the
    child with you to respond to a distraction or
  • Install a five-foot self-closing, self-locking
    fence around a swimming pool or hot tub.

Prevent drowning (continued)
  • Children can drown in common household objects
    like bathroom toilets, wading pools, and cleaning
  • Install toilet locks to prevent drowning.
  • Empty all water containers, including buckets and
    wading pools after each use.

Photo Source
Prevent Falls
  • Install a safety gate at the top and bottom of
  • Never use a pressure mounted gate at the top of
    the stairs. Instead, choose a gate that requires
    hardware mounting.
  • Keep furniture and other objects away from
    windows that can be used for climbing away from
  • Install safety latches on all windows above
    ground level. Window screens alone will not help
    prevent falls.

Photo Source
Prevent Falls (continued)
  • Teach children to wear safety gear-helmets, knee
    pads, and elbow pads- each time that they ride
    their bikes, scooters, and other wheeled toys.
  • Helmets must be worn properly to provide
  • Wearing a helmet can reduce the risk of head
    injury 85.

Source SAFE Kids Worldwide
(No Transcript)
Riley Hospital Safety Store Where Families Can
Learn About Safety…
  • First in the nation to serve families of all
    children, including children with disabilities
    and special care needs.
  • Opened in January of 2005 with grant from FEMA
    and offered fire safety products and education at
    no cost.
  • The Riley Safety Store opened as point of
    purchase program in May of 2005. (still have some
    grant items for Riley patients)
  • Offers low-cost safety products and educational
    information to teach families about injury

Who can purchase items at the Riley Safety Store?
  • Answer ANYONE!!!
  • Families of children served at Riley Hospital
  • Families of children throughout Indiana
  • Families and care givers of children with special
  • Families of all incomes
  • Health care professionals

Safety Products
  • The Riley Safety Store offers a wide variety of
    low-cost child safety products, including, but
    not limited to
  • smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, fire escape
    ladders, fire smothering blankets
  • cabinet and door latches, window cord wind-ups,
    furniture corner cushions,
  • baby gates
  • bath tub thermometers, stove guards, stove knob

Sample Products available in the Riley Safety
  • The Riley Safety Store offers a variety of
    products specifically designed for children with
    special needs including
  • -Evac-Aides for safe evacuation
  • -Shake-up and strobe smoke detectors for
    children with visual and hearing impairments
  • -Personal Child Alarms
  • -I.D. tags and child locator devices
  • To be eligible to Receive Safe Escape products,
    there must be a Riley patient in the household.

Clarian Affiliate Riley Safety Stores
  • Current Stores/Kiosks/Carts
  • Decatur County Memorial Hospital
  • Morgan Hospital Medical Center
  • Tipton Hospital
  • The Childrens Museum of Indianapolis
  • Coming Soon
  • Clarian West, Howard Regional Health System,
    and Schneck Medical Center

Riley Safety Store is a Nationwide Replication
Training Site for the Safety Store Concept
  • National Hospitals that Riley has trained
  • The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP),
  • Texas Childrens Hospital, TX
  • A. I. DuPont Hospital for Children, DE
  • Rady Childrens Hospital and Health Center, CA
  • St. Louis Childrens Hospital, MO
  • Childrens Hospital of Orange County, CA
  • University of Iowa Childrens Hospital, IA
  • Monroe Carell Jr. Childrens Hospital
    _at_Vanderbilt, TN
  • Legacy Emanuel Childrens Hospital, OR
  • Rainbow Babies and Childrens Hospital, OH
  • Childrens Hospital of Michigan, MI

For more Information
  • For more information on a Riley Safety Store in
    your area and making your home safe for children
    of all ages and abilities
  • Call (317) 274-6565 or
  • toll-free at 1-888- 365-2022.
  • Visit

Remember-Most Important Take Away Point!!
  • Adult supervision of children is the best way
    to prevent home injuries.
  • When working with families, please emphasize
    this as the key component of education related to
    home safety.