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Protecting our Health from Professionals Climate Change: a Training Course for Public Health

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To strengthen health system capacity to provide protection from climate-related ... considers eight missions, but no specific. one focuses on health concerns ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Protecting our Health from Professionals Climate Change: a Training Course for Public Health


1
Protecting our Health from Professionals Climate
Change a Training Course for Public Health
  • Chapter 18 Regional Action Plan for South-East
    Asia

2
Outline
  • South-East Asia (SEA) countries most vulnerable
  • Regional consensus on need for climate action
  • National climate action plans
  • Conclusions

3
Map of the South-East Asia Region
4
Hotspots of Security Risks Associated with
Climate Change The Asian Challenge
5
Hotspots of Security Risks Associated with
Climate Change The Asian Challenge (cont.)
6
Developing Climate Action Plans
http//barista.media2.org
7
Regional Action Plan to Protect Human Health from
Climate Change
  • The regional plan has three broader objectives
  • To increase awareness of the health consequences
    of climate change
  • To strengthen health system capacity to provide
    protection from climate-related risks and to
    substantially reduce health systems greenhouse
    gas emissions
  • To ensure that health concerns are addressed in
    all decisions on reducing risks from climate
    change taken by other key sectors

8
Increasing Awareness of Health Consequences of
Climate Change
Warmer temperatures will favour outbreaks of
water-borne illnesses
Diarrhoeal diseases accounted for 20.1 of deaths
in children less than five years of age in 2005
in the SEA region
9
Strengthen Health Systems Capacity
  • Develop national action plans for health,
    integrated with existing national plans
  • Incorporate current and projected climate change
    risks into existing health policies, plans, and
    programmes
  • Strengthen existing infrastructure and
    interventions, including human resource capacity
  • Strengthen public health systems and
    disaster/emergency preparedness and response
    activities, including psychosocial support

10
Strengthen Health Systems Capacity (cont.)
  • Provide early warning systems to support prompt
    and effective responses to current and projected
    health burdens
  • Implement adaptations specific to local health
    determinants to facilitate the development of
    community-based resource management
  • Determined costs and benefits of different
    interventions
  • Establish climate change focal points
  • Establish programmes to reduce GHG emissions by
    the health sector

11
Reduce Risks from Climate Change in Other Key
Sectors
  • Incorporate current and projected climate change
    risks into existing policies, legislation,
    strategies, and measures of key development
    sectors to control climate-sensitive health
    outcomes
  • Facilitate the health sector to actively
    participate in national communications to the
    United Framework Convention on Climate Change
    (UNFCCC), and include health issues as the core
    elements in the negotiation process
  • Ensure active health participation in the
    national climate change team

12
WHO Support Global Work Plan to Protect Health
from Climate Change
  • Aim Support health systems in all countries,
    identify strategies and actions, share knowledge
    and good practices
  • Provide awareness and capacity building in
    addressing the challenges posed to health by
    climate change for health-sector professionals,
    other key sector NGOs, youth groups, and consumer
    organizations and networks
  • Support the empowerment of local communities to
    become more climate change resilient
  • Strengthen health systems capacity and notably
    that of public health programmes that are already
    addressing climate-sensitive diseases
  • Engage in partnerships with other sectors and
    agencies at national, regional, and international
    levels
  • Promote and support the generation of scientific
    evidence through research

13
Creating Awareness World Health Day 2008
  • World Health Day (WHD) 2008 focused on the theme
    Protecting health from climate change and was
    commemorated in all SEA region countries
  • WHO-SEARO (Southeast Asia Regional Office)
    produced an information kit containing materials
    to promote commitment and drive action for change
    among all sectors of society to work together and
    reduce the adverse impacts of climate change on
    human health
  • Most WHD 2008 celebrations in SEA countries saw
    the active participation of national health
    authorities who declared their commitment such
    as in India, Maldives, and Myanmar to engage
    the health sector much more in addressing the
    challenges posed by climate change
  • More at www.searo.who.int/

14
Bangladesh
  • Objectives for health action
  • To increase knowledge and awareness of the
    health consequences from climate change within
    and outside the health sector
  • To prepare mitigation and adaptation plans based
    on a vulnerability assessment of the national
    health systems
  • To ensure coordination with, and advocate for,
    decisions on climate change in other key sectors
    that enhance public health

15
Bhutan
  • National health priorities are
  • Overall awareness on climate change and climate
    variability and its adverse impacts on human
    health are increased and staff are trained
  • Emergency preparedness plans to reduce life loss
    and injury from flash floods are developed
  • The burden from disease vectors is reduced
    through the implementation of community-based,
    integrated vector management
  • Rural water quality and sanitation are improved
    and maintained by the concerned communities

http//ksjtracker.mit.edu
16
Indonesia
  • Priority activities outlined to be initiated
  • Increase public awareness
  • Develop and disseminate IEC materials to
    minimize GHG emissions
  • Capacity building within the health sector
  • Expand research and development on climate change
    and health effects
  • Update national health policy to increase
    resilience to climate change issues
  • Adapt to potential health risks from water and
    food scarcity
  • Coordinate and network with relevant sectors and
    actors, with particular focus on health

17
India
Multicentric studies are required to assess
respiratory diseases sensitive to climate change,
links between water quality and diarrhoeal
disease and climate change (Bay of Bengal, Ganges
- Brahmaputra river basin, a priority area) the
impact of Global warming and Ultra Violet
Radiation (UVR) exposure on ocular
health vulnerability assessment and impact of
climate change on Malaria,Dengue, Chikungunya and
JE, to provide evidence for taking proactive
measures.  How to develop infrastructure at
Primary Health centre level to handle the
psychiatry cases due to loss of property and
life. Indian Agricultural Research carrying out
impact assessment of climate change on major
crops to to map adaptive capacity by
farmers. National authorities plan to improve
supply food during drought. Institutes/persons
have been identified for undertaking studies on
vulnerability assessment and adaptation needs.
Multicentric studies are required to assess
respiratory diseases sensitive to climate change,
links between water quality and diarrhoeal
disease and climate change (Bay of Bengal, Ganges
- Brahmaputra river basin, a priority area) the
impact of Global warming and Ultra Violet
Radiation (UVR) exposure on ocular
health vulnerability assessment and impact of
climate change on Malaria,Dengue, Chikungunya and
JE, to provide evidence for taking proactive
measures.  How to develop infrastructure at
Primary Health centre level to handle the
psychiatry cases due to loss of property and
life. Indian Agricultural Research carrying out
impact assessment of climate change on major
crops to to map adaptive capacity by
farmers. National authorities plan to improve
supply food during drought. Institutes/persons
have been identified for undertaking studies on
vulnerability assessment and adaptation needs.
Multicentric studies are required to assess
respiratory diseases sensitive to climate change,
links between water quality and diarrhoeal
disease and climate change (Bay of Bengal, Ganges
- Brahmaputra river basin, a priority area) the
impact of Global warming and Ultra Violet
Radiation (UVR) exposure on ocular
health vulnerability assessment and impact of
climate change on Malaria,Dengue, Chikungunya and
JE, to provide evidence for taking proactive
measures.  How to develop infrastructure at
Primary Health centre level to handle the
psychiatry cases due to loss of property and
life. Indian Agricultural Research carrying out
impact assessment of climate change on major
crops to to map adaptive capacity by
farmers. National authorities plan to improve
supply food during drought. Institutes/persons
have been identified for undertaking studies on
vulnerability assessment and adaptation needs.
  • The National Climate Change Action
    Plan considers eight missions, but no specific
    one focuses on health concerns
  • A Task Force has been set up to prioritizehealth
    action, inter alia by conducting multicentric
    studies to assess
  • Respiratory diseases sensitive to climate change
  • Links between water quality and diarrhoeal
    disease and climate change (Bay of Bengal, Ganges
    Brahmaputra river basin, a priority area)
  • The impact on ocular health
  • Vulnerability assessment of malaria, dengue,
    chikungunya, and Japanese encephalitis (JE), to
    provide evidence for taking proactive measures
    vis a vis climate change effects
  • How to develop infrastructure in primary health
    centres to handle psychiatry cases due to loss of
    property and life
  • Impact of climate change on major crops, to map
    adaptive capacity and improve supply food during
    droughts
  • Institutes/persons have been identified for
    undertaking studies on vulnerability assessment
    and adaptation needs

18
Nepal
  • Improve the understanding of public health
    authorities on the linkages between climate
    change/variability and health
  • Conduct research for evidence generation
  • Assess vulnerabilities and identify
    interventions for mitigation and for adaptation
  • Identify adaptation needs and options derived
    from the challenges posed by future sudden
    and/or large climate changes
  • Improve current public health programmes in
    intersectoral collaboration with the Ministries
    (water, agriculture, urban development, etc.)
  • Strengthen institutions and mechanisms that can
    systematically promote interactions among
    researchers, policymakers, and other stakeholders

19
Maldives
  • Maldives revised its NAPA in 2009
  • The main health components focus on
  • Assessing health vulnerability and identify
    adaptation measures
  • Adapting to sea-level rise
  • Conserving water and harvesting rainwater
  • Implementing sanitation and sound waste
    management
  • Implementing an integrated approach to manage
    disease vectors
  • Preparing to respond better to health impacts
    from extreme weather events

Source earthobservatory.nasa
20
Thailand
  • Build capacity to adapt and reduce
    vulnerabilities to climate change
  • Promote greenhouse gas mitigation activities
    based on sustainable development
  • Support research and development to better
    understand climate change, its impacts, and
    adaptation and mitigation options
  • Raise awareness and promote public participation
  • Build capacity of relevant personnel and
    institutions, and establish a framework of
    coordination and integration
  • Support international cooperation to achieve the
    common goal of climate change mitigation and
    sustainable development

21
Conclusions
  • While the awareness that climate change is
    happening now has increased immensely in the last
    two years in most SEA countries, health
    professionals have not yet fully understood the
    implications for health and the urgency for
    action
  • National climate action plans have been prepared
    by most countries, yet the health dimensions are
    still neglected
  • At the same time, there are national experts in
    many countries who have gathered evidence on
    health impacts and prepared proposals for action

22
Conclusions (cont.)
  • Most actions focus on awareness building,
    capacity development, and research and policy
    development few focus on supporting community
    resilience
  • Health sector does not yet fully participate in
    national, regional, or global debates on climate
    change
  • The actions plans developed with support from WHO
    need to be integrated into national plans and
    institutionalized to ensure their implementation
  • A positive step forward is this course!
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