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One Size No Longer Fits Everyone


A tidal wave of digitizing collections was occurring everywhere. ... More LS programs will join WISE which will establish administrative and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: One Size No Longer Fits Everyone

One Size No Longer Fits Everyone
  • Judy Field
  • Senior Lecturer, Library and Information Science
  • Wayne State University

Even in the United States
Before there were Library Schools
  • Librarians learned by
  • Trial and Error
  • Apprentice-style training in an established
    library and imitating what was observed
  • Taking some form of classes, personal instruction
    or formal training often in a university library
    or very large municipal library

The Birth of Our Profession
The First Library School
  • In 1887 Dewey established the School of Library
    Economy at Columbia
  • Represented the first steps toward
  • Developed a curriculum that was a blend of
    instruction and practical experience
  • Library professional associations and library
    education began to work together

The early graduates
  • Were responsible for starting
  • Pratt Institute (1890)
  • Drexel Institute (1891)
  • Armour Institute (1897)
  • Others took leadership positions in public and
    academic libraries

For the next 3 decades
  • Saw the creation of additional library schools.
  • This included several of the Institutes becoming
    full-fledged library schools
  • Library schools started creating a curriculum
    based on theory and skills
  • Library schools and library associations began
    their close association

Williamson Reports (1921,1923)
  • Surveyed the library schools and concluded
  • There was a lack of minimally uniform
    satisfactory levels of education
  • Wanted clearer separation between clerical and
    professional work
  • Recommended a bachelors degree for admission to
    a library school program

  • The library schools were to be affiliated with
    degree-granting institutions
  • An accreditation process was deemed necessary to
    guarantee quality

  • In 1925 the Board of Education for Librarianship
    set minimum standards for accreditation
  • This was the beginning of establishing quality
    standards for professional library education

University of Chicago (1926)
  • The founding of this school included scholars
    from a variety of disciplines who were grounded
    in academia.
  • This brought academic study and scientific
    research to the profession
  • Colloquia
  • A scholarly publication
  • A doctoral program

1940-early 70s
  • Many changes occurred during this period
  • Efforts continued to develop graduate level
    scholarship for the profession
  • Accreditation standards were rewritten in 1951,
    1972 and 1992
  • Total enrollment has varied widely
  • More schools developed PhD programs
  • Research and scholarly writing was done.

  • In the early 70s there were 70 accredited
  • Stand alone Bachelor programs had been phased
  • Some Schools of Education continued to offer a
    minor in library work for those wanting to be a
    media specialists

Mid 70s-early 90s
  • Technology became a larger part of the curriculum
  • Schools started to add the word Information
    into the titles of their programs and degrees
  • The 1992 Accreditation Standards were written to
    accommodate these changes

  • Discussion in our professional journals and at
    conferences became more strident as the Internet
    and the Web became more prevalent in newly
    created courses
  • Libraries began to demand that new hires be
    technically competent

  • The schism between the library and information
    science faculties became more pronounced
  • Questions were already being raised as to whether
    the new accreditation standards adequately dealt
    with strongly focused information science

1995- 2007
  • Libraries were not the only employers asking for
    more technically adept employees
  • Bachelor degree programs focusing on developing
    technology expertise were added to many
  • Initially computer science or business schools
    developed these programs

  • By this time accredited library programs had
    decreased from 70 to 56. many programs had been
    merged with other campus programs such as
    communications or journalism.
  • Soon some LS programs decided to develop bachelor
    programs in technology others partnered with
    other schools to jointly develop such programs

  • Libraries were also demanding clerical employees
    with core professional library skills
  • Several new programs were developed or
  • The increase adoption of technology meant
    libraries needed to hire full-time technicians.

While all of this was happening
  • The demand for information workers or knowledge
    managers was increasing in areas beyond libraries
  • A tidal wave of digitizing collections was
    occurring everywhere.
  • The USA government has rapidly move into a
    digital world and paper document collections are
    rapidly disappearing

  • Special Librarians no longer have physical
    libraries but provide their services virtually
  • Academic libraries are rapidly decreasing their
    paper periodical collections
  • Public libraries are becoming computer training
    centers and a major provider of
  • E-books

A response to these changes
  • The I school movement which is now ten years
    old is a model that must be further integrated
    into all curriculums
  • Their vision has shown us new ways to be
    information providers far beyond or library
  • BUT a holistic, not divisive path needs to be

This is no longer the world of leather covered
  • Our old friends the books are disappearing inside
    our computers

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This is no longer the world of leather covered
  • Our old friends the books are disappearing inside
    our computers

Our rapidly evolving vocabulary includes from
  • Internet
  • Search Engines
  • Web
  • Blogs
  • Podcasts
  • Audio
  • Video
  • RSS feeds
  • Social Networking site
  • Second life
  • YouTube
  • Nextgen
  • Wikis
  • Library 2.0
  • Library 3.0

What does Tomorrow mean for Library Education?
  • Distance education will be a quality product that
    will foster networking beyond national boundaries
    and take full advantage of expertise from
  • Library Education must be at the forefront of
    providing new and innovate ways to provide access
    and delivery of quality information seamlessly

  • Library Education is going to need new standards
    which are more encompassing
  • More LS programs will join WISE which will
    establish administrative and technology
    benchmarks which may help in developing new
    standards for the profession
  • The profession needs to help establish
    competencies that they want from all of their

The Bottom Line
  • The information profession will no longer be
    defined as those who hold Masters
  • But will reflect the Information Team comprised
    of the Masters degreed professionals working
    closely with clerical staff and technicians

  • We will be the standard bearers for creating
    quality information sources
  • We will set the standards for quality customer

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