70-270, 70-290 MCSE/MCSA Guide to Installing and Managing Microsoft Windows XP Professional and Windows Server 2003 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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70-270, 70-290 MCSE/MCSA Guide to Installing and Managing Microsoft Windows XP Professional and Windows Server 2003

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Windows Server 2003 infrastructure only as reliable as hardware on which it is based ... Memory Addresses: Used for communication between hardware device and OS ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 70-270, 70-290 MCSE/MCSA Guide to Installing and Managing Microsoft Windows XP Professional and Windows Server 2003


1
70-270, 70-290 MCSE/MCSA Guide to Installing and
Managing Microsoft Windows XP Professional and
Windows Server 2003
  • Chapter Four
  • Adding and Configuring Devices and Drivers

2
Objectives
  • Use Control Panel applets
  • Use Microsoft Management Console to create
    customized interfaces
  • Understand the use of Administrative Tools
  • Manage server and desktop hardware, including
    working with device drivers

3
Objectives (continued)
  • Configure hardware profiles
  • Configure server processor and memory settings
  • Configure server power options

4
Control Panel Overview
Figure 4-1 Control Panel in Category view
5
Control Panel Overview (continued)
Table 4-1 Control Panel categories
6
Control Panel Overview (continued)
Figure 4-2 Control Panel applet icons in Classic
view
7
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Accessibility Options Applet For users with
    visual, audio, or movement impairments
  • Keyboard tab StickyKeys, FilterKeys, ToggleKeys
  • Sound tab Configure SoundSentry and ShowSounds
    options
  • Display tab Improve readability
  • Mouse tab Enable MouseKeys
  • General tab General accessibility options
  • Add Hardware Applet Use if devices not
    automatically detected and installed by OS

8
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Add or Remove Programs Applet Change or Remove
    Programs, Add New Programs, Add/Remove Windows
    Components, and Set Program Access and Defaults
  • Activity 4-1 Adding and Removing Applications
  • Objective Review the Windows components that can
    be added or removed by using the Add or Remove
    Programs applet
  • Administrative Tools Applet Points to same place
    as Administrative Tools Start menu item

9
Control Panel Overview (continued)
Figure 4-3 The Change or Remove Programs option
10
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Date and Time Applet Set calendar date, clock
    time, and time zone for system
  • Clock set directly in systems BIOS
  • Activity 4-2 Setting the Time
  • Objective Configure the date, time, and time
    zone for your computer
  • Display Applet Choose from wide range of
    interface and preference settings
  • Themes Overall visual style of user interface
  • Desktop Select wallpaper and customize desktop

11
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Display Applet (continued)
  • Screen Saver Define screen saver properties
  • Appearance Set window and button scheme, color
    scheme, and font size
  • Can set display effects and advanced settings
  • Settings Set screen resolution and color quality
  • Troubleshooting and advanced settings options
  • Additional tabs may be hardware-specific
  • Activity 4-3 Adding Monitors to Your
    Configuration
  • Objective Add monitors to your configuration

12
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Folder Options Applet Set functional and visual
    parameters of system folders
  • Fonts Applet Lists installed fonts and add or
    remove fonts
  • Game Controllers Applet Install and configure
    joysticks and other specialized gaming controls
  • Internet Options Applet Define settings for
    Internet Explorer and general Internet access
  • Keyboard and Mouse Applets Modify keyboard and
    mouse configurations
  • e.g., function of left and right mouse buttons

13
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Network Connections Applet Manage all network
    connections
  • Phone and Modem Options Applet Define dialing
    locations, install/configure modems, and
    configure RAS and Telephony API (TAPI) drivers
    and services
  • Power Options Applet Set systems power-saving
    and battery management features
  • Windows XP supports Advanced Configuration and
    Power Interface (ACPI) and Advanced Power
    Management (APM)

14
Control Panel Overview (continued)
Figure 4-7 The Power Schemes tab
15
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Power Options Applet (continued)
  • Power Schemes tab Select power scheme profile
  • Alarms and Power Meter tab Appears only if
    system has internal battery
  • Advanced tab Displays different power management
    controls, depending hardware and whether ACPI
    enabled
  • Hibernate tab Enable hibernate mode
  • Standby Mode Lower power consumption mode
  • Hibernate Mode System state saved, power turned
    off

16
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Activity 4-4 Configuring Power Options
  • Objective Learn how to configure power options
  • Printers and Faxes Applet Install, share, and
    configure many types of output devices
  • Regional and Language Options Applet Define
    location-specific uses or requirements for
    numbers, currency, time, dates, and more
  • Input locale Combination language and keyboard
    layout used to define how data is entered

17
Control Panel Overview (continued)
Figure 4-8 The Regional Options tab
18
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Scanners and Cameras Applet Install drivers and
    configure digital cameras and optical scanners
  • Scheduled Tasks Applet Used to automate starting
    and running tasks
  • Tasks can be run within security context of a
    specific user account
  • Tasks can be moved from system to system
  • Activity 4-5 Scheduling Tasks
  • Objective Use Scheduled Tasks to automatically
    start an application (Calc.exe) at a specified
    time

19
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Sounds and Audio Devices Applet Customize sound
    scheme, set master volume, configure speakers,
    set audio device preferences, and configure or
    troubleshoot multimedia devices
  • Activity 4-6 Customizing Sound
  • Objective Customize the sounds for different
    events on the computer
  • Speech Applet Configure text-to-speech functions
    for applications written to Microsofts Speech
    API (SAPI)

20
Control Panel Overview (continued)
  • Taskbar and Start Menu Applet Same Properties
    dialog box opened by right-clicking Start button
    and selecting Properties command
  • Taskbar tab Controls taskbar appearance and
    notification area settings
  • Start Menu tab Select Windows XP new Start menu
    or Classic Start menu
  • User Accounts Applet Create and manage local
    user accounts, passwords, .NET passports Access
    Local Users and Groups tool Specify whether
    CtrlAltDelete required to log on

21
System Applet
  • Configure or control many system-level and core
    operational functions
  • General tab Displays OS version, service pack
    level, registered user name, basic computer
    information
  • Computer Name tab Used to join a domain or
    workgroup and change computers name
  • Hardware tab Access Add Hardware Wizard,
    enable/disable driver signing requirements,
    access Device Manager, define hardware profiles

22
System Applet (continued)
  • Startup and Recovery Options dialog box Define
    system startup parameters and specify how STOP
    errors handled
  • Set default OS, selection timer for startup menu,
    and selection timer for recovery options
  • Edit boot.ini
  • Special controls for dealing with system crash
  • When halts due to STOP error, contents of virtual
    memory can be dumped to a .dmp file
  • Can disable dump file, or specify size of dump
  • Small, Kernel, or Complete memory dumps

23
System Applet (continued)
Figure 4-9 The Startup and Recovery dialog box
24
System Applet (continued)
  • Environmental Variables Settings for system-wide
    environment variables and local user environment
    variables
  • Used to control how Windows XP operates
  • Error Reporting When system or application error
    occurs and Internet access available, anonymous
    error report sent to Microsoft
  • Helps Microsoft develop fixes and patches and
    possibly improve its future OS products

25
Microsoft Management Console Overview
  • Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Graphical
    interface shell that provides structured
    environment for consoles, snap-ins, and
    extensions that offer controls for services and
    objects
  • Console is like a document window
  • One or more consoles can be loaded into MMC
  • Snap-in Component that adds control mechanisms
    to MMC console for specific service or object
  • Each can support one or more extensions

26
Microsoft Management Console Overview (continued)
  • MMC provides general-purpose framework used to
    consolidate systems management facilities
  • MMC settings and layout options can be stored as
    .msc file
  • Allows custom configurations of snap-ins and
    extensions to be reused
  • Can assign, grant, or restrict access to .msc
    files

27
The MMC Interface
Figure 4-10 The Microsoft Management Console
28
Snap-Ins
  • Components added into a console that actually
    perform actions on services or objects
  • Standalone snap-ins Provide main functions for
    system administration and control
  • Extension snap-ins Add functionality to a
    standalone snap-in
  • After snap-ins added and configured, can save
    console to .msc file in one of four formats
  • Author mode
  • Three user mode formats

29
Using the MMC
  • Windows XP equipped with several preconfigured
    consoles designed to offer administrative
    controls
  • Found mainly in Administrative Tools
  • All snap-ins for creating Administrative Tools
    can be used to create custom consoles
  • Activity 4-7 Using Microsoft Management Console
  • Objective Create an MMC for managing the Windows
    Server 2003 computer

30
Administrative Tools
  • Collection of system configuration utilities
  • Powerful and potentially dangerous
  • Component Services tool Used mainly by
    application developers
  • Data Sources (ODBC) tool Used to configure OS to
    interact with various database management systems
  • EventViewer Used to view system messages about
    failure or success of key occurrences in Windows
    XP environment

31
Administrative Tools (continued)
Figure 4-11 Windows XP Professional
Administrative Tools
32
Administrative Tools (continued)
Figure 4-12 Windows Server 2003 Administrative
Tools
33
Administrative Tools (continued)
  • Local Security Policy Used to configure local
    security settings for a system
  • Performance tool Used to access System Monitor
    and Performance Logs and Alerts
  • Services tool Used for stopping and starting
    services and configuring startup parameters for
    services
  • Computer Management Serves as common
    troubleshooting and administration interface for
    several tools

34
Administrative Tools (continued)
Figure 4-13 Device Manager selected in the
Computer Management window
35
Administrative Tools (continued)
  • Computer Management System Tools Section
  • EventViewer
  • Shared Folders
  • Local Users and Groups
  • Performance Logs and Alerts
  • Device Manager
  • Computer Management Storage Section
  • Removable Storage
  • Disk Defragmenter
  • Disk Management

36
Administrative Tools (continued)
  • Computer Management System Tools Section
  • Indexing Service
  • WMI Control
  • Services

37
Managing Server and Desktop Hardware
  • Hardware devices that must be managed
  • Disk drives
  • CD-ROM/DVD-ROM drives
  • Modem
  • Network adapter cards
  • Video adapter cards
  • Printers and scanners
  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • USB devices
  • IEEE 1394 (FireWire) devices

38
Hardware Compatibility
  • Windows Server 2003 infrastructure only as
    reliable as hardware on which it is based
  • Must make sure hardware meets or exceeds minimum
    requirements set forth by Microsoft
  • Windows Server Catalog Contains listings of
    hardware devices that have been certified to
    function with Windows Server 2003
  • And officially carry Designed for Windows Server
    2003 logo

39
Hardware Resource Settings
  • When hardware devices installed, assigned
    resource settings
  • To access processor and memory in different ways
  • When resource settings configured manually, must
    ensure no conflicts exist
  • Direct memory access (DMA) channels Allow device
    to access system memory (RAM) directly
  • Input/Output Ranges Dedicated address spaces
    allocated for transferring information between
    computer and hardware device

40
Hardware Resource Settings (continued)
Figure 4-14 The Resources tab for a network
adapter card
41
Hardware Resource Settings (continued)
  • Interrupt request (IRQ) lines Used to gain
    attention of system processor

Figure 4-16 Viewing IRQ settings in Device
Manager
42
Hardware Resource Settings (continued)
  • Memory Addresses Used for communication between
    hardware device and OS
  • Should be configured with dedicated and unique
    memory address ranges
  • Activity 4-8 Viewing Resource Settings in Device
    Manager
  • Objective Use Device Manager to view hardware
    resource settings

43
Troubleshooting Resource Setting Conflicts
Figure 4-18 The I/O node under Hardware Resources
44
Understanding Device Drivers
  • Required for OS to communicate with devices
  • Driver signing Verify that drivers have
    undergone rigorous testing and will function
    correctly
  • Device Manager Managing device drivers
  • Determining whether hardware functioning
    correctly
  • View and change resources settings
  • Determine and change drivers
  • Enable, disable, uninstall devices
  • Configuring advanced settings
  • View and print summary information

45
Understanding Device Drivers (continued)
Figure 4-21 Using Device Manager to identify
hardware problems
46
Understanding Device Drivers (continued)
Figure 4-22 Accessing driver updates via a
devices Properties dialog box
47
Understanding Device Drivers (continued)
  • Activity 4-9 Exploring Device Manager
  • Objective Use Device Manager to gather
    information about existing hardware and ways of
    viewing information
  • Roll Back Driver Feature roll back to previous
    driver version when updated driver causes
    problems
  • Activity 4-10 Using the Roll Back Driver Feature
  • Objective Use the Roll Back Driver feature to
    return to a previous version of a device driver

48
Configuring Device Driver Signing
  • Digital signature assures that driver has met
    quality testing standards and has not been
    altered or overwritten
  • Three driver signing options Ignore, Warn, or
    Block
  • Activity 4-11 Configuring Driver Signing Options
  • Objective Configure Windows Server 2003 to block
    the installation of all driver files that are not
    digitally signed

49
Configuring Device Driver Signing (continued)
  • Activity 4-12 Using the File Signature
    Verification Utility
  • Objective Use the File Signature Verification
    utility to verify that Microsoft has digitally
    signed all installed system files and device
    drivers

50
Adding New Devices to a Server
  • Two main types of hardware typically installed
    PnP devices and legacy devices
  • PnP devices Automatically detected and
    configured
  • Must be built into device
  • Must be enabled in computers BIOS
  • Must be built into computers OS kernel
  • Activity 4-13 Installing a PnP Hardware Device
  • Objective Use Device Manager and the Add
    Hardware Wizard to uninstall and then reinstall a
    device

51
Adding New Devices to a Server (continued)
  • Legacy Devices Typically require installing and
    configuring drivers and resource settings

Figure 4-29 The Add Hardware Wizard
52
Configuring Hardware Profiles
  • Hardware profile Instructions telling OS which
    devices to start and which drivers to load when
    computer starts
  • Every device enabled in default profile
  • More convenient than installing and removing
    drivers
  • Activity 4-14 Setting Multiple Hardware
    Configurations
  • Objective Use hardware profiles to set up
    different hardware configurations for a desktop
    system

53
Configuring Processor and Memory Settings
  • Processor Scheduling Enables configuration of
    how processor resources allocated programs
  • Use memory usage options to configure how much
    system memory used to run programs

54
Configuring Processor and Memory Settings
(continued)
Figure 4-30 The Advanced tab of the Performance
Options dialog box
55
Configuring Processor and Memory Settings
(continued)
  • Virtual memory Used to expand capacity of
    computers physical RAM
  • Slower than RAM
  • Paging file Area of disk allocated for Virtual
    Memory
  • Location is important
  • Must set initial size and maximum size
  • Activity 4-15 Viewing and Configuring Virtual
    Memory Settings
  • Objective Configure virtual memory settings on a
    Windows Server 2003 system

56
Configuring Processor and Memory Settings
(continued)
Figure 4-31 Configuring virtual memory settings
57
Configuring Processor and Memory Settings
(continued)
  • Memory for Network Performance Memory used for
    network connectivity related to number of user
    connections at a given time

Table 4-2 Configuring server memory for network
optimization
58
Configuring Server Power Options
  • In most situations, server should be set to
    Always On or Minimal Power Management
  • Can create own settings
  • UPS device Protects computer from power
    fluctuations
  • Gives window of time to safely power down
  • Activity 4-16 Defining a Server Power Scheme
  • Objective Configure a new power scheme for use
    on a Windows Server 2003 system

59
Configuring Server Power Options (continued)
Figure 4-33 Configuring power scheme settings
60
Configuring Server Power Options (continued)
Figure 4-35 The UPS tab of the Power Options
Properties dialog box
61
Summary
  • Applets and tools in Control Panel and
    Administrative Tools, including Accessibility
    Options, Add or Remove Programs, Appearance and
    Themes, Regional Options, Power Options, Network
    and Internet Options, Performance, Printers and
    Other Hardware, and Sounds, Speech, and Audio
    Devices
  • The Microsoft Management Console allows you to
    use snap-ins to create a customized server
    management tool

62
Summary (continued)
  • Windows Server 2003 supports a variety of
    internal and external hardware devices
  • Device Manager is the primary tool for managing
    and modifying hardware on a Windows Server 2003
    system
  • Device driver files allow Windows Server 2003 to
    communicate with a hardware device

63
Summary (continued)
  • Windows Server 2003 makes it possible to control
    the allocation of processor and memory resources
    as well as the use of virtual memory
  • Hardware profiles allow administrators to control
    which drivers are loaded during the startup
    process and, by extension, which hardware devices
    are available
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