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To be or not to be?

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This verb is used to talk about essential things (essential es). Think of the acronym T.O.P.I.C. ... characteristic/identification. Here's another! D nde es ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: To be or not to be?


1
To be or not to be?
  • So far we have learned two ways to express the
    concept of to be
  • ser
  • estar
  • In this slide show, well look more closely at
    the differences between these two verbs.

2
Ser
  • Lets start with ser, the first verb we learned.
    This verb is used to talk about essential things
    (essential es).
  • Think of the acronym T.O.P.I.C.

3
Time
  • The first letter of T.O.P.I.C. stands for time.
    When we talk about time in Spanish, we always
    use ser
  • Qué hora es?
  • Son las 330.
  • Hoy es lunes.

4
Origin
  • The second letter of T.O.P.I.C. stands for
    origin. We use ser to talk about where people
    are from
  • Soy de Chicago.
  • Marta es venezolana.

5
Professions
  • We can also use ser to talk about peoples jobs
  • Mi hermano es ingeniero.
  • Ellas son profesoras.

6
Identification
  • The fourth letter of T.O.P.I.C. refers to
    identification. This can be used to name
    people
  • Ella es mi prima.
  • places
  • Springfield es la capital de Illinois.
  • things
  • Qué tipo de animal es?
  • Es un león.
  • and events (takes place)
  • La fiesta es en la casa de Alicia.

7
Identification
  • You also use ser to identify possession (i.e.,
    who owns what)
  • Es mi diccionario.
  • Esta no es mi calculadora.

8
Characteristics
  • The fifth and final letter of T.O.P.I.C. stands
    for permanent characteristics
  • El perro es inteligente.
  • El perro es blanco y marrón.
  • El perro es simpático.

9
Characteristics
  • This use also includes descriptions of people,
    places, and things
  • Marcos y Flora son fuertes.
  • Chicago es una ciudad grande.
  • La clase de español es divertida.

10
T.O.P.I.C.
  • To review, the main uses of ser include
  • Time
  • Origin
  • Professions
  • Identification
  • Characteristics
  • There are other uses, too, but this acronym
    covers the most important cases!

11
Estar
  • Now we can look at estar. This verb is used to
    talk about states (estar state).
  • Think of the acronym P.L.A.C.E.

12
Position
  • The first letter of the acronym P.L.A.C.E. stands
    for position. We use estar when we talk about
    where something is located, whether it is there
    temporarily
  • David está en el desierto.
  • Juana no está en clase hoy.
  • Mi abuelo está en casa.

13
Location
  • or permanently located there (the second letter
    of P.L.A.C.E.)
  • Chicago está en Illinois.
  • La iglesia está en la Avenida Foster.
  • Madrid está en España.

14
Action
  • The third letter of P.L.A.C.E. stands for
    action. We use estar when we are talking about
    actions that are occurring at the moment of
    speaking (sometimes referred to as the present
    continuous or present progressive)
  • Laura está esquiando.
  • Humbero está leyendo la Biblia.
  • Estamos mirando una película.

15
Condition
  • The fourth letter of P.L.A.C.E. stands for
    condition. We use estar to talk about
    temporary states (for example, health)
  • Enrique está enfermo.
  • Mis padres están cansados.
  • Cómo estás?

16
Emotion
  • The last letter of P.L.A.C.E. stands for
    emotion. We use estar to talk about feelings
    and emotions.
  • Alicia está enfadada.
  • Lorenzo y María están contentos.
  • Estoy nervioso porque tengo un examen de
    literatura.

17
P.L.A.C.E.
  • To review, the main uses of estar include
  • Position
  • Location
  • Action
  • Condition
  • Emotion
  • There are other uses, too, but this acronym
    covers the most important cases!

18
Lets practice!
  • Choose the correct form according to the context.
  • Cómo es/está tu hermano?
  • Es/Está enfermo. Hoy es/está en el hospital para
    una prueba de sangre (blood test).

19
Ser o estar?
  • Cómo está tu hermano?
  • Está enfermo. Hoy está en el hospital para una
    prueba de sangre (blood test).
  • Why?
  • Condition/condition/location

20
Otro, por favor
  • De quién (whose) es/está el disco compacto?
  • Cuál? (which one)
  • El disco compacto que es/está en el escritorio.
    Es/Está negro.
  • Creo que es/está de Julio.

21
Muy bien!
  • De quién es el disco compacto?
  • Cuál?
  • El disco compacto que está en el escritorio. Es
    negro.
  • Creo que es de Julio.
  • Why?
  • identification/position/
  • characteristic/identification

22
Heres another!
  • Dónde es/está Ana?
  • Es/está en el parque. Es/Está con Nuria.
  • Qué son/están haciendo allí?
  • Son/están jugando al tenis.

23
Last one!
  • Dónde está Ana?
  • Está en el parque. Está con Nuria.
  • Qué están haciendo allí?
  • Están jugando al tenis.
  • Why?
  • Location/location/location/
  • action/action

24
Eso es todo!
  • Thats enough for now about ser and estar. Be
    vigilant of these two verbs try to guess which
    letter of the two acronyms is most applicable in
    every case.

25
Gracias!
  • Thanks to Lisa Jones (FLTEACH listserve member)
    for the acronyms!
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