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Concerning the Importance of Pets: Reported Responses ... Attitudes of the Elderly Regarding the Benefits of Pets. Talk to their pet 95 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20Epidemiology%20of%20Human-Animal%20Interactions:%20Part%20II%20Health%20Benefits%20to%20Humans


1
The Epidemiology of Human-Animal Interactions
Part IIHealth Benefits to Humans
  • Larry Glickman, VMD, DrPH
  • and
  • Nita Glickman, MS, MPH
  • Purdue University
  • School of Veterinary Medicine

2
The Epidemiology of Human-Animal Interactions
Health Benefits to Humans of Animal Ownership
  • Larry Glickman
  • and
  • Nita Glickman

3
Human-Animal Bond Definition
  • A continuous, bi-directional relationship
    between a human and an animal that brings
    significant benefit to a central aspect of the
    lives of each, which is in some sense voluntary
    and in which each party treats the other as an
    object of admiration, trust, devotion, or love.

4
Traditional Roles Functions of Animals
  • Sources of food clothing
  • Symbols (religious, cultural)
  • Transportation Beasts of Burden
  • Companionship

5
Traditional Roles Functions of Animals
(continued)
  • Units of barter measure of wealth
  • Entertainment sport
  • Security, protection, rescue

6
More Modern Roles of Animals
  • Models for comparative medicine biomedical
    research
  • Stress reduction through role as member of family
    social-support network
  • Therapeutic, psychological physical aids
  • Education, e.g., teachingnurturance to children

7
Proposed Physical Psychological Impact on
Humans by Pets
  • Pets are a source of
  • Companionship
  • Love
  • Humor
  • Play
  • Exercise
  • Sense of power
  • Outlets for displacement nurturance

8
Reasons Reported for Families Obtaining a Pet
  • Companionship/pleasure 49
  • Educational for children 11
  • Rescued it 11
  • Replacement of person or pet 7
  • Sport 1
  • Breeding 1

9
Concerning the Importance of Pets Reported
Responses
  • Pet very important to family 96
  • Increased family happiness funafter getting
    pet 70
  • Pet is a full family member 68

10
Concerning the Importance of Pets Reported
Responses
  • Pet of great importance to family members when
    they were sad, lonely, depressed 68
  • Pet communicated with family 73
  • Pet understood when family members talked to
    it 77

11
Attitudes of the Elderly Regarding the Benefits
of Pets
  • Talk to their pet 95
  • Pet helps when they feel sad 81
  • Pet helps when they physicallyfeel bad 71
  • Touching their pet makes themfeel
    better 65
  • Confide in their pet 57

12
Magnitude of Pet PopulationsEuropean Community
13
Magnitude of Pet PopulationsUnited States (1996)
14
Magnitude of Pet PopulationsUnited States (1996)
15
Example 1 Association of Pet Ownership with
Survival Following a Heart Attack
16
Example 2 Pet Ownership is Associated with
Decreased Physician Visits in the Elderly
17
Example 3 Value of Service Dogs for People with
Severe Ambulatory Disabilities
Plt.001
Plt.001
18
Value of Service Dogs for People with Severe
Ambulatory Disabilities (cond)
Plt.001
19
Implications of Pet Ownership for Human Health
Epidemiologic Research
  • Pet animals are an integral component of the
    social environmental milieu of modern
    society.
  • Pet animals often are part of the family and
    social support network.

20
Implications of Pet Ownership for Human Health
  • Pet animals may positively impact human health
    and should be considered as important moderating
    influences in epidemiologic studies of risk
    prognostic factors for human diseases.

21
Implications of Pet Ownership for Human Health
  • The mechanisms by which pet animals influence
    human health are not fully understood.

22
Implications of Pet Ownership for Human Health
  • Pet-facilitated therapy may be effective for
    treating specific diseases or chronic conditions
    can reduce the cost of traditional health care.
  • Pets should beconsidered as alternativeor
    complementarytreatments for somediseases.

23
Important Questions for Future Research
  • What is it about pet ownership that influences
    human health?
  • Who is most likely to benefit from pet ownership?
    Children? Senior Citizens?
  • Are the beneficial physiological responses of
    humans to animal contact sustainable over time?
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