State of Democracy in South Asia by Centre for the study of Developing Societies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – State of Democracy in South Asia by Centre for the study of Developing Societies PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 24b9c6-ZDc1Z


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

State of Democracy in South Asia by Centre for the study of Developing Societies


State of Democracy in South Asia. by Centre for the study of Developing Societies ... Dissemination of first ever South Asia wide survey on citizens attitudes through ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:54
Avg rating:3.0/5.0


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: State of Democracy in South Asia by Centre for the study of Developing Societies

State of Democracy in South Asiaby Centre for
the study of Developing Societies
  • Project supported by Ford Foundation,
    International IDEA, and EU-India Cross Cultural
    Program of the EU

Research Partners
  • International IDEA
  • Professor Jayadeva Uyangoda, Sri Lanka.
  • Professor Mohammed Waseem, Pakistan.
  • Dr. Krishna Hachhetu, Nepal.
  • Professor Imtiaz Ahmed, Bangladesh.

Objectives of the study
  • To investigate what democracy has done to South
    Asia and what South Asia has done to democracy.
  • Discontent with existing discourses as being
    inattentive, hegemonic and ethnocentric.

Limitations of current thinking on governance
  • Deficit based thinking of information,
    administration, resources and political will.
  • System centric thinking inputs, processes,
  • Politics is missing of agents, interests,
    elites, ideologies, and institutions.
  • No sense of the dialectics between institutions
    and processes.

Our Research Grid
  • Promise
  • -what moral burden does democracy carry in
    South Asia
  • -what futures does it advance
  • Design
  • -Institutional structure political, social,
  • -Parties/ Civil Society Organizations
  • Working
  • -Sociology, Economy and Anthropology of
  • -practices of political leaders, parties,
    organizations etc
  • Outcomes
  • -democratization of state and
    society, elite rule.
  • Futures
  • -likely trajectories.

Four Research Pathways of Democracy Assessment
  • Cross-sectional survey
  • Qualitative Assessment
  • Dialogues
  • Case Studies

Component 1 Survey Some Questions
  • How do ordinary South Asians view democracy
  • How do perceptions vary according to country,
    class, gender and social divisions
  • What/ Who do they identify as the main threats to
    their security
  • What is their level of trust in the capacity of
    institutions to meet their needs
  • How does the perception of the elite relate to
    that of the cross section of the population

Component 1 Different aspects of inquiry
  • Questions that have been asked Globally, across
    South Asia, and specific to each country.
  • Qs on Battery on legitimacy, efficacy, trust,
  • Qs on Identity, dignity, notion of self-hood.
  • Qs on Security and freedom from fear.
  • Qs on Material outcomes and freedom from want
  • Qs on Satisfaction with democracy.
  • -

Methodology Total elector, no of parliamentary
constituencies, and proposed sample units.
Component 1 Methodology Preparation for Survey
  • Draw upon questionnaires of CSDS and various
  • Dialogues with activists
  • Country coordinators to discuss draft
  • Common questions and country specific questions
  • Translation into local languages
  • Pilot survey
  • Canvassing by field teams in each country
  • Data processed and computerized
  • Analysis plan collectively prepared

Component 2 Qualitative Assessment
  • Agreement over main thrust of IDEA framework
  • Assessment of old as well as new democracies
  • People of the country to undertake assessment
  • Assessment to be broad-based and objective
  • Assessment to be the anchor for democracy
  • Two-fold anchorage theoretical and

Component 2 Expert led Assessment - Some
  • What are the main components of the promise.?
  • What is the nature of the of the economic
    institutions and how does it relate to the
    political structure?
  • Is there a gap between the design and actual
  • Is the working characterized by limitation or
    closure in terms of participatory spaces, agendas
    and/or participants?
  • Has democracy been an instrument of social
  • What is the relationship between the procedural
    and substantive aspects of democracy?

Component 2 Methodology
  • Country coordinator constitute a team of experts
    to prepare the background papers for the
    respective nodes.
  • These papers and the relevant findings from the
    case studies and survey would be presented to the
    activists and experts from that country.
  • On the basis of their comments the coordinator
    would prepare the final report of QA for the

Component 3 Dialogues
  • Series of dialogues to be conducted at regional,
    national and local levels
  • Dialogues to involve activists, journalists,
    academics, politicians, etc.
  • Ownership of study broad based
  • Conversation between different knowledge universes

Component 3 Types of dialogues
  • General State of Democracy in South Asia
  • Thematic (i) Democracy Majorities and
    Minorities, (ii) Democracy and Human Security
  • Both types to be held in all 5 South Asian
    countries in different locations to ensure
    diversity of perspectives

Component 3 Methodology
  • Duration over two days for building trust among
  • Invitees from a cross section of interests,
    ideologies, social strata, and groups.
  • Special effort to have minority viewpoints
  • Selection of Chair important.
  • Dialogue loosely structured.
  • Entire dialogue recorded, digitized and finally
    uploaded on website.
  • Separate report of dialogue prepared where the
    views of speakers are presented sequentially.

Component 4 Case Studies
  • Based on the recognition that the survey,
    qualitative assessment and dialogues would still
    miss important aspects of democracy in practice.
  • Deliberate selection of aspects of practice that
    can be constructed as puzzles of democracy.
  • Goal to problematize the discourse on democracy
    by presenting inconvenient facts.
  • These inconvenient facts although located in
    South Asia have more general implications.
  • Evaluation of the case not straightforward e.g.,
    families in politics, extension of womens rights
    under dictatorship, life of file.

Component 4 Methodology
  • Selection of cases after listening to dialogues
  • Use different methodologies to illustrate the
    issue e.g ethnographic approach to study working
    of a law court
  • Case study not illustration of a feature of
    democratic practice but elaboration of an
    inconvenient fact.
  • Commission of studies to be completed over 8

  • Dissemination of first ever South Asia wide
    survey on citizens attitudes through media
  • Publication of a Citizens report on Democracy in
    South Asia
  • Report available in more than one South Asian
  • Data archive open for public access

  • Promote public discourse with political parties,
    peoples movements, and civil society
  • South Asian Survey to join the ranks of other
  • Contribute to the development of a Human Security
  • Transform the global discourse on democracy and

  • Our website WWW.LOKNITI.ORG