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Passenger Vessel Safety


(c) Any other vessel whose stability is questioned by the marine inspector. ... The marine inspector will re-inspect the vessel as soon as possible as soon as ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Passenger Vessel Safety

  • Passenger Vessel Safety
  • National Association of
  • State Boating Law Administrators
  • Charter Boat Safety and Administrative Rules
    Model Act
  • Chief James H. Graybeal
  • NASBLA Law Enforcement Committee Chair

NASBLA Charter Boat Safety and Administrative
Rules Model Act
  • Certification and safety Inspections issues
  • Construction and arrangement of passenger
  • Stability and seaworthiness
  • Passenger and crew safety
  • Machinery and electrical installations
  • Fire Protection and fire fighting
  • Lifesaving equipment
  • Passenger vessel operations
  • Crew qualifications and training
  • Emergency procedures and drills
  • Marine Accident investigation including chemical
  • Reporting of accidents/incidents

Certification and Safety Inspection
  • Inspection
  • Inspection of every charter boat and its
    equipment once every twelve months while the
    charter boat is at dockside.
  • Any time department has reasonable cause.
  • The vessel owner shall open or remove all hatches
    and inspection ports before or during the
    inspection and shall have the vessel in
    reasonably clean and orderly condition.

Certification and Safety Inspection
  • If charter boat and its equipment comply issue a
    certificate of inspection
  • Maximum passenger, crew and total person capacity
    of the charter boat.
  • Be prominently displayed on the charter boat
    while in operation on the waters of the state.
  • Expire on May 31 of the second year following
    the year in which the charter boat was dockside
  • Certificate of Inspection will be framed under
    transparent material and posted in the
    conspicuous place on the vessel or kept aboard
    and shown on demand.
  • A person shall not operate a charter boat that
    carries seven (7) or more passengers on navigable
    waters without first obtaining a current vessel
    inspection certificate and a pilots license from
    the United States Coast Guard or other federal

Construction and Arrangement of Passenger Vessels
  • On vessels that do not have or are not required
    to have a vessel capacity plate, the maximum
    passenger capacity shall be determined by
    applying any one of the following criteria which
    results in the allowance of the greatest number
    of passengers
  • (a) Length of rail space available to
  • (b) One passenger per ten (10) square feet
    of deck area available.
  • (c) One passenger per eighteen (18) inches
    of width of fixed seating.
  • On vessels that have or are required to have
    vessel capacity plates, the passenger capacity
    shall be determined by applying either of the
    following criteria which results in the allowance
    of the greatest number of persons without
    exceeding the capacity plate maximums
  • (a) Weight capacity minus maximum motor and
    gear weight divided by one hundred fifty (150)
    equals number of passengers.
  • (b) Boat length times boat beam divided by
    fifteen (15) equals number of passengers.

Stability and Seaworthiness
  • A stability test shall be conducted on any vessel
    meeting the following criteria
  • (a) All vessels carrying more than
    forty-nine (49) passengers.
  • (b) All vessels carrying passengers that have
    two (2) or more decks.
  • (c) Any other vessel whose stability is
    questioned by the marine inspector.
  • USCG stability testing standards apply
  • The vessel owner will conduct the test under the
    direct supervision of a marine inspector

Stability and Seaworthiness
  • To determine seaworthy and in good and
    serviceable condition, the vessel owner shall
    permit the marine inspector to inspect the entire
    exterior and interior of the vessel including all
    the following
  • Hull and appendages
  • Propellers
  • Shafting
  • Stern bearings
  • Rudders
  • Through hull fittings
  • Sea valves
  • Strainers
  • Outdrive units
  • Outboard lower units.

Stability and Seaworthiness
  • Vessel damage, repairs, and alterations reports
    repair and alteration standards modification of
    corrections and repairs. Determination of unsafe
    vessel. Modification and inspection exception.
  • Accident causing physical damage, has a grounding
    causing physical damage or is to be hauled out
    and dry-docked to carry out major repairs or
    alterations affecting the vessels seaworthiness,
    the vessel owner shall immediately report to the
    marine inspector or the marine safety section of
    the Department the nature of the damage, repairs
    or alterations.
  • All repairs and alterations must be approved
    before the work is started.
  • The marine inspector will re-inspect the vessel
    as soon as possible as soon as the vessel owner
    has notified the marine inspector that the
    repairs have been made.

Passenger and Crew Safety
  • Minimum Safety Standards shall be designed to
    insure the safety and well-being of persons
    utilizing a charter boat and shall include all of
    the following
  • Methods to determine that a charter boat is of a
    structure suitable for carrying passengers and
    crew and is in a condition to enable it to be
    navigated safely.
  • Necessary equipment and operating requirements.
  • Minimum public liability insurance requirements.
  • Methods to determine maximum passenger capacity.
  • Table test to determine the sufficiency of the
    charter boats structure, equipment and
  • Personal floatation devices-
  • Fire Fighting Equipment
  • First-aid kit and Emergency procedures List
  • Cooking and Heating appliances
  • Visual Distress Signals

Machinery and Electrical Installations
  • Electrical systems- safe and fit for service
  • Electrical equipment- insulated from exposed
    metal parts suitable to use in damp or wet
  • Main engines-appropriate type and design for the
    propulsion requirements.
  • Fixed fuel system USCG-approved or equivalent.
  • Bilge pumps Fitted with no less than two (2)
    electrically-operated bilge pumps, equipped with
    an indicator light or an alarm system.

Fire Protection and Fire Fighting
A vessel, except for an open boat, shall be
equipped with a minimum number of USCG approved
portable fire extinguishers which shall be
located as shown on a table.
  • Min. Locations
  • Extinguishers
  • 2 Helmsmans
  • position, cabin
  • 3 Engine
  • compartment
  • helmsman
  • position, crew
  • quarters and
  • galley
  • 4 Engine
  • compartment
  • helmsman
  • position, crew quarters and
  • galley
  • Compartmented Class
  • Vessels
  • Less than 26 feet B1
  • 26 feet to B1
  • Less than
  • 40 feet
  • 40 feet or over B1

Lifesaving Equipment
  • Personal Floatation devices and water light
  • Vessel owner shall provide one (1)
    USCG-approved Type 1 PFD of proper size for each
    person including the crew to be carried onboard.
  • Ring buoy
  • Water light, self-activating. Visual distress
  • The owner of the vessel which operates on the
    body of water shall have aboard the vessel
    USCG-approved visual distress signals.

Crew Qualification and Training
  • Definition- Pilots License- vessel operators
    license issued by the USCG or other federal
    agency, or a license issued by the Department to
    an operator of a charter boat that is operated on
    inland waters.
  • State Pilots License Requirements
  • Not less than eighteen (18) years of age.
  • Felony conviction within 5 years of the date of
    application, will be investigated by the marine
    inspector shall investigate the circumstances of
    the conviction. Applicant shall be denied if the
    investigation shows continued illegal or
    questionable activity.

Crew Qualification and Training
  • Conviction of serious violation (s) of the marine
    laws within three (3) years of the date of
    application, an investigation will be conducted
    by the marine inspector. Any illegal or
    questionable activity is found in the
    investigation, the applicant will be denied a
    license. A serious violation includes all of the
  • (a) Careless operation.
  • (b) Reckless operation.
  • (c) Operation under the influence of
    alcoholic beverage or controlled substance.
  • (d) Negligent operation.
  • (e) Operation causing death or injury.

Crew Qualification and Training
  • No less than 90 days experience with the
    preceding 24 months operating a noncommercial
    vessel of similar type or 90 days experience
    within the preceding 24 months as a full time
    crew member on a commercial vessel of similar
    type. The applicant will have received
    instruction from the license pilot in the
    operation of the vessel.
  • Physical examination required by a licensed
  • A certificate signed by the physician attesting
    to the applicant's general physical condition.
    Epilepsy, insanity, senility, acute general
    disease or neurosyphilis, badly impaired hearing,
    or other defect that would render the applicant
    incompetent to perform the ordinary duties of a
    licensed operator may be cause for denial of the

Crew Qualification and Training
  • The department, at any time, may require a
    licensed pilot to obtain a new physical
  • A physical examination is required once every
    thirty-six (36) months.
  • The applicant shall not be color blind and, in
    the opinion of a qualified physician, shall have
    adequate vision, in at least one eye, to safely
    operate a vessel.
  • Must successfully complete examinations, written
    and practical, administered by a marine inspector.

Emergency Procedures and Drills
  • First-Aid and Emergency procedures List
  • The vessel owner shall post an emergency
    procedures list aboard the vessel in a
    conspicuous location. The list shall set forth,
    at a minimum, all of the following informational
  • (a) Radio-telephone distress
  • (i) Switch to Channel 16 United States
    Coast Guard.
  • (ii) Give distress signal "MAYDAY" three
  • (iii) Give boat name, type, and color.
  • (iv) Give position.
  • (b) Man overboard
  • (i) Post a lookout.
  • (ii) Throw over a flotation device or the
    water light.
  • (iii) Don't jump into the water unless
    the person overboard is a small child, elderly,
    or a handicapped person.
  • (iv) Maneuver to return for pickup.
  • (v) Use additional markers.
  • (vi) Get victim aboard.
  • (vii) Call for help if necessary.

Emergency Procedures and Drills
  • (c) Explosion
  • (i) Be ready to go overboard with
    personal flotation device (life jacket).
  • (ii) When clear of danger, account for
    all passengers and assist.
  • (iii) Stay together.
  • (d) Fires
  • (i) If possible, use fire extinguisher.
  • (ii) If practical, jettison burning
  • (iii) Reduce the air supply.
  • (iv) Assemble at opposite end of boat.
  • (v) Make preparation to abandon ship
  • (A) Put on life jacket.
  • (B) Signal for help by radio or any
    means available.
  • (e) Leaks or damage control
  • (i) Put on life jacket.
  • (ii) Check bilge pump operation.
  • (iii) Pull up all decks and floor boards
    in search of leaks.
  • (iv) Slow or stop boat as needed. You may
    need to stay on plane to keep hole above water.
  • (v) Stop engine, close sea cock for engine
    cooling, disconnect hose and place end in bilge.
    Start engine to act as bilge pump.
  • vi) Cover large hole from outside of boat
    with mattress, or similar device.

Marine Accident Investigation Including Timely
Chemical Testing
  • State accident reporting requirements entered
    into the BARD System.

Reporting of Accidents/Incidents
  • State boat accident reporting requirements
    entered into the USCG BARD system.