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Prezentacja programu PowerPoint

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Dangerous goods report (examination of routes of transportation of dangerous ... Sharing experiences on Maritime Safety Information Exchange System (SWIBZ) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Prezentacja programu PowerPoint


1
CPMR Conference Baltic Master Workshop
Karlskrona, 1-2 June,2006 Prepared by Mrs
Urszula Kowalczyk, Jakub Piotrowicz
2
  • RD Institute
  • over 100 employees
  • established in 1950
  • under The Ministry of Shipping current Ministry
    of Maritime Economy (analysis, expertises,
    statistics, opinions, yearly reports on maritime
    economy in Poland)

3
MARITIME INSTITUTE IN GDANSK Fields of Activity
  • Maritime Hydrotechnics
  • Environment Protection
  • Ecology
  • Operational Oceanography
  • Water Economy and Maritime Engineering
  • Seaborne trade, Logistics, Ports
  • Marine Corrosion
  • Marine Electronics

4
PARTICIPATION IN INTERREG PROJECTS
  • BSR INTERREG III
  • The Baltic MaSTER Maritime Safety Across
    Borders
  • BaSIM - Baltic Sea Information Motorways
  • InterBaltic
  • LOG_VAS- Logistic Value-Added Services
  • InLoC Integrating Logistics Centres in the
    Baltic Sea Region (Continuation of completed
    NeLoC - Networking Logistics Centres in the
    Baltic Sea Region)
  • LOG_ALL - Strategic Logistics Alliance
    Hanse-Passage
  • InterMareC Interregional Maritime Cluster
    Development and Improvement

5
Maritime Institute in Gdansk
is the Leader of WP2 of Baltic Master
Project SAFE TRANSPORTATIONS AT SEA
  • Strategic focus of WP2
  • Preventive measures to avoid accidents
  • related to the increase of transportations
  • of oil and other hazardous goods in the BSR.
  • Main outputs
  • Improved safety in BSR- reports on PSSA and APMs-
  • regional and local perspectives
  • Reports and workshops concerning monitoring
    systems
  • Vision of PSSA 2020
  • Action List for the regions

6
Major mechanisms WP2 Report will cover
PSSA/APMs and other elements. - Traffic
separation/ Routing - Areas to be avoided - No
anchoring areas - Ship reporting systems
(including Automatic Identification System AIS)-
results from Maritime Traffic Monitoring Report -
Ice/winter navigation - Discharge restrictions -
Maps of areas endangered by oil spills - Places
of refuge on the Baltic Sea Area- legal status,
designation etc. - Baltic Sea-wide concept of
harbours for ships in distress - Requirements on
vessels
7
Major mechanisms (continued) -
Dangerous goods report (examination of routes of
transportation of dangerous goods, Vision of
dangerous goods transport in view of PSSA
monitoring of vessels within Exclusive Economic
Zones - Collision and grounding model for ship
collision and grounding probability - Reaction
plans for accidents and oils spills -
Hydro-meteorological information - Identification
of hazards for future Formal Safety Assessments
systematic process for assessing risks and
evaluating IMO options for reducing risks. -
Traffic intensity forecast- Forecast of traffic
level, detailed statistics of traffic APMs Route
s- Variant development Accident Risk
Assessment Pollution Risk Assessment Socio-Economi
c Assessment
8
PSSA and APMs Report - Description of
current PSSA status and Associated Preventive
Measures assessment process - PSSA as an
inventory of knowledge, legal status, analysis of
existing procedures - Description of regional
priorities for the PSSA - Situation of The Baltic
Sea Area in comparison with other European PSSA
areas, - Mapping of responsibility - Definition
of major PSSA mechanisms, objectives and present
status
9
Maritime Traffic Monitoring as APM -
Report on use of AIS (Automatic Information
Systems) on the Baltic Sea -Analysis of Traffic
Monitoring Systems workshops, description, use of
Information Exchange Systems - Sharing
experiences on Maritime Safety Information
Exchange System (SWIBZ) - SafeSeaNet exchange of
information in Coastal States on the Baltic Sea
present state and planned development. -
Detection and dealing with accidents involving
potential loss of oil

10
Tracks of ships equipped with AIS along the
Polish coast (01.12.2005 16.12.2005)
11
Particulary Sensitive Sea Area PSSA An area
which needs special protection through action by
IMO because of its significance for recognised
ecological (uniqueness, vulnerability,
dependency) or socio-economic (economy,
recreation, human dependency) or scientific
(research, monitoring, historical value) reasons
and which may be vulnerable to damage by maritime
activities. (IMO Resolution A.927(22) and
Guidelines for Identification and Designation of
PSSA) Maritime Environmental High Risk Areas
(MEHRA) - comparatively limited areas of high
sensivity which are also at risk from shipping
12

Source WWF
13
Associated Protective Measures (APMs)
  • Ship reporting and routing
  • Shipping mangement plans navigation charts
  • Disaster management concept
  • Oil spils risk assessment
  • Satellite and aerial surveillance,
  • Traffic Separation Scheme s(new, or extended)
  • Vessel Traffic Services
  • Compulsory pilotage
  • Areas to be avoided
  • Certain activities prohibited
  • Legal Framework UNCLOS
  • Regulations under IMO MARPOL 73/78
  • The IMO is the only international body
    responsible
  • for designating areas as Particularly Sensitive
    Sea Areas
  • and adopting associated protective measures
  • IMO A 24/Res.982 , Feb.2006

14
WP2 Method Of APMs Assessment Process
15

SOME OF EXISTING AND POSSIBBLE ASSOCIATED
PROTECTIVE MEASURES Compulsory reporting and
traffic surveillance - use of common Baltic Sea
monitoring systems - AIS as a natural tool for
VTS Routeing systems More than fifteen traffic
separation schemes are established and adopted by
IMO in eight parts of the Baltic Sea Area. Ships
Routeing is the organization of traffic flow in
or around areas where navigation by all ships or
certain classes of ships is dangerous or
undesirable / IMO Resolution A.572(14) /
Pilotage Pilotage services are established
locally by the port States and are normally
compulsory for ships over certain sizes. Escort
and escorting tugs - considered to be
introduced to to avoid groundings Areas to be
avoided - areas of the Baltic Sea focusing on
the special protection requirements of certain
marine species and their individual marine
environment (e.g. wintering or moulting areas
for seabirds or important reproduction and
nursery grounds for marine mammals )
www.imo.org
16
Traffic density Southern Baltic
  • Through the area between the Bornholm Island and
    Polish coast approximately 16 000 ships equipped
    with AIS are passing yearly
  • The main destinations of eastbound vessels in
    transit include the ports situated in
  • the Gulf of Gdansk (32),
  • Klaipeda and Liepaja (20) and
  • Russian ports in the Kaliningrad region (19).
  • Approximately 8500 vessels pass yearly between
    Western Baltic ports or entrances to the Baltic
    Sea and ports in the Gulf of Gdansk, passing
    along central Polish coasts.
  • Tankers represent 17 of all traffic in that area
    including VLCCs up to maximum accommodated
    draught on the Baltic (15 metres or 15.3 metres
    in fresh water).
  • Some 8 of vessels have a draught of 8 metres and
    more.
  • Source Maritime Office Gdynia, Cpt. B. Rojek

17
Source HELCOM MARITIME 4/2005
18
SOME FACTS AND ANALYSIS International shipping
is under constantly growing pressure to minimise
the impact of accidents and operations on the
marine and coastal environment
  • - oil spills,
  • -- - collisions and grounding,
  • - waste discharges,
  • - anchor damage,
  • - ship generated noise, etc.
  • One large spill can disrupt sea and shore life
    over many miles and years.

19
llegal oil discharges in the central part of
Baltic Sea (http//62.236.121.189/website/MARIS1/
viewer.htm)
20
Risk for oil spills for bay of Gdansk-
summer/winter Maritime Institute in Gdansk
analysis
SUMMER
WINTER
21
Routeing measures traffic separation schemes and
routes
  • aim to encourage ships to follow routes where
    vessels are less likely to collide with each
    other, run ashore or get into difficulties.
  • aim to reduce the scope for a disaster if the
    ship does fet into difficulty and direct ships
    away from areas where pollution would be highly
    damaging.

22
NEW ROUTEING MEASURES (PRELIMINARY) IN THE
SOUTHERN BALTIC SEA
  • At 51st Session of the NAV Sub-Committee, the
    Governments of Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
    Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden
    submitted a joint proposal to approve the new
    traffic separation schemes Bornholmsgat and North
    of Rügen, the amendment to the traffic separation
    scheme South of Gedser, the recommended
    deep-water route Eastern Baltic Sea and the new
    areas to be avoided at Norra Midsjöbanken and
    Hoburgs Bank (NAV 51/3/6).
  • The proposed routeing measures will enter into
    force at 0000 hours UTC on 1 July 2006 after
    adoption by the 24th Assembly in Resolution
    A.977(24).
  • Advanced plans of the Government of Poland were
    introduced, comprising additional new routeing
    measures in the southern Baltic Sea including a
    recommended deep-water route D in the Southern
    Baltic.

23
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24
Current traffic separation schemes Gulf of
Gdansk
  • Ships operating on routes to the Polish ports in
    the Gulf of Gdansk make over 13.000 passages
    yearly, not including the local traffic of small
    vessels, fishing boats and leisure crafts.
  • More then 2.000 of above are chemical tankers,
    gas tankers, oil tankers with VLCCs up to maximum
    accommodated draught on the Baltic.
  • Routing measures in the Gulf of Gdansk consist of
    existing two traffic separation schemes
    established and announced in Polish Notices to
    Mariners in 1980, revised and amended with
    Inshore Traffic Zones in 2003.
  • TSSs are within responsibility of the Vessel
    Traffic Services Gulf of Gdansk established on
    1 May 2003, acting as a coastal VTS and MAS,
    operated according IMO Resolution A.857(20) and
    IMO Resolution A.950(23) respectively. Mandatory
    reporting system under local VTS Regulations is
    in force in VTS Area.

25
Basic conclusions
  • Further protective mesures are necessary to
    eliminate and reduce shipping related impacts
  • The intesity of pollution increases due to
    insufficient information exchange system, lack of
    equipment or lack of clear emergency procedures.
  • PSSA and APMs can signifficantly contribute to
    a sustainable policy and management regime. They
    can help to create a strong integrated marine
    spatial planning tool for reducing shipping
    impact
  • There is the need to improve the education and
    training of seamen before the background that 8
    out of 10 accidents are due to human failure
    (IMOs information)
  • Measures decided on the level of EU, IMO and
    HELCOM will not have the desired effect if they
    are not implemented and uniformly enforced at the
    different levels by all Baltic States

26
Contacts
  • Mrs Urszula Kowalczyk
  • Maritime Institute in Gdansk
  • Head of Economics and Law Department
  • Baltic Master WP2 Leader
  • 48 58 301 16 41
  • ulak_at_im.gda.pl
  • Jakub Piotrowicz
  • Maritime Institute in Gdansk
  • Baltic Master WP2 Manager
  • 48 58 301 16 41
  • jpiotrow_at_im.gda.pl
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