Biofuels for Industrial Development and Poverty Reduction in Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Biofuels for Industrial Development and Poverty Reduction in Africa PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 24859e-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Biofuels for Industrial Development and Poverty Reduction in Africa

Description:

Investments in New Renewable Capacity touched $ 70 Billion in 2006 ... Forster market-oriented partnerships between governments, the private sector, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:97
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 30
Provided by: aloispmhla
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Biofuels for Industrial Development and Poverty Reduction in Africa


1
Biofuels for Industrial Development and Poverty
Reduction in Africa
  • Heinz Leuenberger
  • Director, Energy and Cleaner Production Branch.
  • United Nations Industrial Development
    Organisation (UNIDO)

2
Outline
  1. Global Energy Trends
  2. Global and local drivers
  3. Potential and opportunities for Africa
  4. Key issues, potential risks and trade-offs
  5. UNIDOs biofuels activities
  6. Way forward
  7. Conclusions

3
1. Global Energy Trends
  • Climate Change and peak oil shaping future energy
    agenda
  • Renewables account for about 17 of Global
    Primary Energy (Traditional Biomass 9, Large
    Hydro 5.7 and Other Renewables 2)
  • Renewables Power capacity excluding large
    hydro-power touched 182 GW in 2005
  • Investments in New Renewable Capacity touched
    70 Billion in 2006
  • Fastest growth taking place in the field of
    liquid Biofuels Ethanol and Biodiesel

4
Rising population increase in energy demand
Source Basic Facts - Trends 2050 - WBCSD
5
Global energy use per capita 2000
Source World development indicators, 2003
6
World Electricity Demand by Region in the WEO
2006 Reference Scenario
Source IEA
7
World Primary Energy Consumption 2000 vs A1 B2
Scenario Projections for 2030 (EJ)
AGRICULTURE 3
A1
INDUSTRIAL 39
TRANSPORT 23
TRANSPORT 22
INDUSTRIAL 36
B2
BUILDINGS35
BUILDINGS39
Total 892 EJ
Total 384 EJ
2030
2000
Total 648 EJ
A1 - High Growth Scenario B2 - Low Growth Scenario
Source IPCC
8
2. Drivers of Biofuels Development Transport
Fuels
Incremental Oil Demand 2002-2030 figures from
IEA (2004)
9
2. Drivers of Biofuels Development Global
Context
  • High and volatile oil prices
  • rising demand (India, China)
  • instability in major oil producing regions
  • higher exploration costs and
  • finite nature of global oil resources.
  • Climate change agenda
  • Agriculture and trade policies
  • Sustainability issues
  • Technological advances and emerging more
    efficient conversion technologies.

10
2. Drivers of Biofuels Development - Global
Energy
Global Resources (EJ/a) Current Use Technical Potential Eco-potential
Hydro 10 50 20
Biomass 45 gt1,000 100-500
Solar 0.2 gt1,000 200
Wind 0.2 600 150
Geothermal 1.2 gt1,500 200
Ocean 0 ? ?
TOTAL 56.6 gt4,000 /- 1000
11
2. Global Pattern 2030
Oil export
oil bio domestic
bio-export
bio domestic
Source IEA (2005)
12
2. Export potential of Biofuels
  • Targets EU
  • Bio-fuels in Transport fuels 2005 2
  • 2010 5.75
  • 2015 8
  • 2020 10
  • Targets Germany
  • Bio-fuels in Transport fuels 2010 6.75
  • 2015 8
  • 2020 17
  • Conclusion
  • To achieve these targets EU and Germany must
    import Biofuels from outside Europe
  • Sustainability of Biofuels will be crucial for
    the future international market

13
2. Alternative use of Biomass
  • 1. Biomass used for Energy production
  • Solid
  • Gas
  • Liquid
  • Combined Power-heat coupling
  • Transport fuel
  • Industrial applications for process heat
  • 2. Biomass used as Raw Material for industrial
    activities
  • Cosmetic, washing powder, fertilizer, plastic,
    packing materials, Textiles, Cellulose, raw
    materials for pharma products, etc.

14
2. Drivers of Biofuels Development African
Context
  • Africa has 13 of global population yet uses 3
    of electricity used globally.
  • Only 1 in 4 people in Africa has access to
    electricity.
  • Under exploitation of available resources 6
    of hydroelectricity and 0.6 of geothermal
    potential exploited.
  • Abundance and decentralized availability of
    biomass resources
  • Need to raise GDP growth rate from 3.5 to 8 if
    Africa is to meet the MDGs means a
    corresponding increase in energy demand.

15
3. Africas Biofuels Potential.
  • Africa has vast land resources and conducive
    climates.
  • Estimating exact potential is complex many
    variables.
  • Several studies undertaken and converge on the
    following
  • Africa has a very large potential to produce
    biofuels.
  • Under a high productivity scenario Sub Saharan
    Africa can produce biofuels with energy content
    up to 410 Exa J compared to global energy
    consumption of 440 Exa J (very optimistic!)

16
Sustainable use of Biofuels can lead to-
Reduction in oil importation bill.-
Revitalization of rural economies through higher
farm incomes, creating jobs and enhance local
energy security.- Increased availability of
cleaner burning fuel with both global and local
environmental benefits.- Reclaiming of degraded
and marginal lands and opportunities for carbon
sequestration.
3. Opportunities and Benefits of Biofuels in
Africa
17
4. Key issues, challenges and risks of biofuels
include..
  • Environmental Challenges.
  • Production chain and application should have
    positive energy and GHG balances.
  • Sustainable water use and no additional water
    contamination
  • Environmental responsibility and conservation of
    natural resources and biodiversity.
  • Minimize soil erosion and degradation
  • Minimum environmental emission from Bio fuels
    production technologies
  • Socio-Economic Challenges
  • Reduce competition and strengthen synergies with
    food sector/land.
  • Balancing between large-scale and small-scale
    production
  • Production should lead to local and shared
    prosperity
  • Technology Challenges
  • Identifying appropriate plants for specific
    regions.
  • Appropriate technologies for communities and
    businesses.
  • Increasing production efficiency

18
4. Example LCA for Bio-fuels, Indicators
19
4. Example LCA for Bio-fuels

20
4. Example LCA for Bio-fuels

21
5. UNIDOs Biofuels Activities Objectives
  • Increase security of energy supply through
    diversification of supply and reduce reliance on
    fossil oil.
  • Increasing access to energy for poor for
    productive uses
  • reducing risks and uncertainties in investments
    in technologies.
  • promote transfer and commercialization of
    appropriate technologies.
  • demonstrating the biofuels value chain.
  • Stimulate debate and ideas on key issues such as
    sustainability standards etc.

22
5. UNIDOs Role
Biofuels Value Chain

23
5. UNIDOs Biofuels Activities Draft Strategy
  • UNIDOs biofuels strategy seeks to assist
    developing countries in realizing the potential
    benefits of biofuels, especially by linking
    technology, investment, trade and sustainability
    issues, to
  •   assist countries to formulate adequate RE
    policies and define/adopt recognized
    sustainability indicators
  • reduce uncertainties regarding investment
    opportunities
  • provide tailor-made technical assistance
    programmes
  • strengthen SME capacities to meet international
    biofuels standards.
  • For this, UNIDO will work with networks of
    experts, research institutes, industrial
    associations, and cooperate with UN partners,
    multi / bilateral agencies and regional
    initiatives.

24
5. UNIDOs Biofuels Activities Focal Areas
  • Profiling Bio-fuels (BAT, BEP, Sustainability,
    Employment, Costs, efficiency, emissions,
    maintenance requirement, specification data,
    south-south cooperation for program
    implementation etc.)
  • Solid biofuels South-South technology transfer,
    and commercialization (technology transfer,
    south-south cooperation, cogeneration)
  • Liquid biofuels Ethanol from residues and wastes
    demonstrating the value chain (technology
    assessments on all biofuel pathways)
  • Liquid biofuels Biodiesel building the
    local-global bridge for SMEs (foster
    decentralized production, feedstock availability,
    costs quality, labor safety, environmental
    performance, technology and human skills
    requirements etc.)
  • Gaseous Biofuels (biogas for industrial and
    transport applications)
  • Biorefineries (providing clearinghouse services)
    in cooperation with ICS-Trieste

25
5. Proposed Biofuels Strategy Key Projects
  • Biofuels projects in Cuba, Zambia, India, Sri
    Lanka, and Croatia
  • Centre of Excellence for Biomass Gasification
    Technologies proposed at Indian Institute of
    Sciences, Bangalore, India
  • Applications
  • Biomass gasification for power generation
    process heat in industries
  • Bio-diesel and Bio-ethanol Feasibility studies
    applications
  • Biogas residential industrial energy, motive
    power for small industry
  • Bio-refineries Awareness raising
  • Biomass Conversion Technologies on-line
    Information Forum (BIOTIF)
  • Bio-fuels Capacity Building Programme (BIOCAB)
  • Bio-refineries providing clearinghouse services
    (ICS Trieste)

26
5. UNIDOs Bioenergy Activities Global Forum
Activities
  • International Conference on Biodiesel in Malaysia
    (July 2007)
  • The First High-Level AU-Brazil- UNIDO Biofuels
    Seminar in Africa.
  • Regional Workshop on Promoting Sustainable
    Biofuels Production and Use in Central Eastern
    Europe. (Nov. 2007)
  • Energy for Development The Importance of
    South-South and North-South Technology Exchange
    for Promoting Renewable Energy and Energy
    Efficiency in Senegal, (Feb. 2008)
  • Global Renewable Energy Forum in Brazil, (Mai
    2008)
  • Follow-up of our Seminar Sub-Regional workshops
    in Africa, (2008)

27
6. Way forward
  • Design and implement Regional Action programs and
    pilot projects to
  • Develop appropriate policies, strategies and
    investment plans to promote biofuels development
    (Renewable Energy) within a sustainable
    development framework i.e energy self sufficiency
    should be priority.
  • Provide and measure datas for the discussion and
    verification of sustainability standards for
    biofuels
  • Create investment vehicles/funds to mobilize
    financial resources to invest in national
    priority biofuels projects.
  • Mainstream use of biofuels in Country Assistance
    Strategies ( PRSPs and CSPs)
  • Forster market-oriented partnerships between
    governments, the private sector, civil society
    and international development partners.
  • Promote engagement on North-South and South-South
    basis and between public and private sectors.
  • Encourage multi-disciplinary approaches,
  • Support biofuels research and development in
    Africa.
  • Concentrate our focus on regional initiatives for
    scale and markets within existing RECs, SADC,
    ECOWAS, IGAD

28
7. Conclusions
  • Biofuels can play a significant role for the
    development in Africa
  • Policies, research cooperations, partnerships and
    technology transfer should be the basis for
    future biofuels program in Africa.
  • Sustainability (GHG-Reduction, Competition with
    food and local applications, Biodiversity,
    Environment, Prosperity and Social well being) is
    critical to its success
  • Initial focus of biofuels programs should be
    self-sufficiency in energy with national,
    sub-regional, regional and global linkages.
  • This seminar should result in a common
    plan/program of action on how Africa can exploit
    its biofuels potential in a sustainable manner.
  • Follow-up action is required at the national /
    sub-regional level for ensuring an consistent,
    integrated and multi- disciplinary approach to
    develop biofuels projects in a sustainable manner
    for improved access, increased use in industrial
    / transport sectors and enhancing energy security
    in Africa.

29
Thank you for your attention
Heinz Leuenberger United Nations Industrial
Development Organisation (UNIDO) Director,
ECB E-mail h.leuenberger_at_unido.org
About PowerShow.com