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50% forest ecosystems. 1.World Bank Support for ... Large Marine Ecosystems, MPAs, ICZM. COREMAP, Komodo, Indonesia ... Ecosystems services, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Biodiversity%20at%20the%20World%20Bank


1
Biodiversity at the World Bank
  • Dr Kathy MacKinnon
  • Lead Biodiversity Specialist
  • Environment Department
  • The World Bank
  • February 2006

2
1.World Bank Support for Biodiversity 1988-2005
  • 5.1 billion (492 projects)
  • 250 PA projects (3.3b)
  • 105 countries, 37 multi-country
  • 35 IBRD IDA lending
  • 21 GEF
  • 50 forest ecosystems

3
2. FY05 Bank Biodiversity projects 5.1 billion
4
3. Amazon Basin
  • Amazon Region Protected Areas
  • Strengthen 12.5 m ha PAs
  • New 28.5 m ha PAs in Amazon rainforest
  • Est. Tumucumaque 1.9m ha
  • Rain Forest Trust Fund (124m)
  • Indigenous Lands land titling
  • Extractive reserves

5
4. East Asia
  • Kerinci-Seblat ICDP (1.4m ha), Indonesia
  • Virachey N.P. Cambodia (indigenous mapping)
  • Forest protection Rural Development,
  • Central Highlands, Vietnam (ICDP)
  • Indonesia Tsunami Rebuilding - 17.5 m for
    protection of Leuser Ecosystem, Aceh

6
5. Congo Basin
  • Congo - Wildlands Protection and Management
  • Regional Environmental Information and Mapping
    (REIMP)
  • Cameroon Biodiversity Conservation and Management
  • Forest sector reform Cameroon (DPL)
  • Forest sector reform DRC, including PA support
  • Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG)
    ministerial agreements

7
6. Eastern Europe Central Asia
  • Russia Far East - Sustainable Forestry
  • Khabarovsky Habitat Protection -tigers
  • Central Asia Transboundary (West Tien Shan)
  • Eastern Caucasus Georgia
  • Azerbaijan PAs

8
7. Large Landscape - Regional Partnerships in
MesoAmerica
THE MABC Initiative 2001-2004 Components provide
the glue to national conservation efforts
1. MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING TOOLS
  • 2. PROMOTION
  • /COMMUNICATION
  • STRATEGY

3. MAINSTREAMING
4. CAPACITY BUILDING
9
8. Marine Conservation
  • Large Marine Ecosystems, MPAs, ICZM
  • COREMAP, Komodo, Indonesia
  • MesoAmerican Barrier Reef System
  • Coral Reef Targeted Research

10
9. Strategic Partnerships
  • Global partnerships (GEF, CBD and other
    international agreements), Millennium Ecosystem
    Assessment
  • CGIAR network - CIFOR
  • NGO Partnerships WWF/World Bank Alliance for
    Forests, Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund,
    Global Invasive Species Programme, Forest Trends,
    EcoAgriculture, Alliance of Religions and
    Conservation.
  • Partnerships with private sector CEOs Forum on
    Forests, World Business Council for Sustainable
    Development, IFC.
  • Local Language Field Guides Program (99 guides)

11
10. Bank/WWF Global Forest Alliance
  • 2005 targets
  • 50 million hectares of new protected areas
  • 50 m ha more effectively managed Pas
  • 200 m ha sustainably managed forest
  • Achievements
  • 28.5 m ha Amazon rainforest (ARPA, Brazil)
  • Certification for SFM in Vietnam
  • Tools for PA management effectiveness

12
(No Transcript)
13
11. Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF)
  • Conservation International (CI), Global
    Environment Facility (GEF), World Bank, Govt. of
    Japan, MacArthur Foundation
  • 125m 15 hotspots (from 19 eligible)
  • 73 million grants awarded
  • 570 partners in 34 countries
  • Next W Ghats, Sri Lanka, Indochina

14
12. Challenges Opportunities
  • Conservation Finance
  • Measuring biodiversity impact
  • Logging wildlife trade
  • Biodiversity-poverty linkages
  • Payments for Ecosystem Services
  • Invasive alien species

15
13. Conservation Finance
  • Conservation Trust Funds for Protected Areas -
    Peru, Bolivia, Bhutan, Uganda
  • Vietnam Conservation Fund
  • Direct payments to maintain wildlife corridors
    (Kenya)
  • Tradable development rights - Brazil

16
14. Measuring Biodiversity Impact
  • Simple tools to use at project sites e.g. PA
    management effectiveness tool
  • RAPPAM network level
  • Simple tools for assessing SFM
  • Biodiversity impact in production landscape e.g.
    impact of agricultural practices.

17
15. Logging and Wildlife Trade
  • Well managed forests - effective extension of the
    conservation estate, supplementing PA network
  • FLEG AFR, EAP, ECA illegal logging (costs up to
    5 billion annually in lost revenues)
  • Analysis of wildlife trade (East Asia, Congo
    Basin)
  • Costs benefits of improved regulation to stop
    wildlife harvesting in forest concessions
  • Improved certification to include biodiversity

18
16. Poverty-Biodiversity Linkages
  • Forest governance and management systems to
    increase benefits to local communities
  • Synergies between biodiversity and community
    benefits (problems with ICDPs what are
    win-wins?)
  • Lessons learned and BP for SFM and community
    forestry
  • Protected Areas and Indigenous Peoples, how to
    generate social and conservation outcomes
  • Ecosystem services to generate benefits for
    forest stewardship

19
17. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES)
  • Linking forest protection to downstream
    agriculture e.g. Madagascar (additional 6m ha
    protected)
  • Ecomarkets project in Costa Rica
  • Integrated Silvopastoral approach to ecosystem
    management (Colombia, Nicaragua, Costa Rica)
  • Carbon Funds, especially BioCarbon Fund
  • Effective mechanisms to generate sufficient
    short-term returns for long-term protection

20
18. Invasive Alien Species
  • 2nd greatest threat to biodiversity, esp. on
    islands
  • Reduce crop yields, Land degradation
  • Ecosystems services, water quality quantity
  • Reduce lifespan of development investments, choke
    irrigation canals, HEP dams
  • Impact on poorest sections of society..
  • Bank support to GISP secretariat program
  • IAS projects Lake Victoria, Mauritius,
    Seychelles

21
19. Invasive Alien Species Constraints to
Development
  • Annual Costs
  • Australia US 13 billion
  • Brazil US 50 billion
  • India US 116 billion
  • South Africa US 7 billion
  • UK US 12 billion
  • USA US140 billion
  • (Source Pimentel et al. 2001, National
    Geographic 2005)

22
20. IAS and Forestry
  • Deliberate accidental introductions, including
    Aid trade
  • Rapid growth, tolerant of range of conditions
  • 653 woody species invasive e.g. Acacia nilotica,
    Prosopis juliflora
  • 22 of 43 worst invasives S. Africa forestry,
    e.g. black wattle (estimated costs 1426 million)
  • Solutions linked to poverty alleviation who
    gains, who loses?
  • Working for Water (100m/annually to remove
    invasives)

23
Biodiversity at the World Bank
  • For more information please visit
  • www.worldbank.org/biodiversity
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