PANDEMIC INFLUENZA HOME CARE GUIDE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – PANDEMIC INFLUENZA HOME CARE GUIDE PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 244a91-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

PANDEMIC INFLUENZA HOME CARE GUIDE

Description:

IS IT A COLD OR THE FLU? INFECTION CONTROL STRATEGIES. Hand Hygiene Basics ... Begin to give liquids at the first sign of the flu to maintain hydration ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:21
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: marcie8
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: PANDEMIC INFLUENZA HOME CARE GUIDE


1
PANDEMIC INFLUENZA HOME CARE GUIDE
  • FAIR LAWN DEPARTMENT
  • OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
  • 2008

2
HOME CARE DURING AN INFLUENZA PANDEMIC
  • You will need to know
  • How to isolate (keep separate) sick persons
  • How to treat their symptoms
  • How to control the spread of disease in your home
  • When to call for help

3
FLU SYMPTOMS
  • Sudden fever higher than 100.4 degrees
  • Chills
  • Muscle aches or pain
  • Headache
  • Feeling of weakness and/or
    exhaustion
  • Cough or sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Signs of dehydration
  • Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain

4
IS IT A COLD OR THE FLU?
5
INFECTION CONTROL STRATEGIES
  • Hand Hygiene Basics
  • Wash your hands with soap water
  • Sanitize your hands with an alcohol
    based product
  • Cough And Sneeze Etiquette
  • Keep Your Hands Away From Your Face
  • START TO CHANGE YOUR HABITS NOW!

6
WASH YOUR HANDS
  • Use soap and water
  • Rub your hands vigorously
  • Completely wash all surfaces of your hands and
    wrists
  • Lather your hands for 20 seconds
  • Rinse all soap off completely - leave the water
    running
  • Dry your hands with a paper towel - never use a
    cloth towel in a public restroom
  • Use the paper towel to turn off the faucet
  • Use the paper towel to open the bathroom door

7
COUGH SNEEZE ETIQUETTE
  • Sneeze and cough into your sleeve or the crook of
    your arm
  • Turn your head away from people when you cough or
    sneeze
  • Use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose when
    you cough or sneeze
  • You may be asked to wear a mask if you are
    coughing or sneezing
  • If you must use your hand to cover a cough or
    sneeze, immediately wash your hands or use an
    alcohol based sanitizer

8
KEEP YOUR HANDSAWAY FROM YOUR FACE!
  • Even with good hand washing habits, our hands
    carry many germs and we can easily infect
    ourselves by touching the moist
    mucus membranes of our eyes, nose, and
    mouth.

9
IS THIS YOUR DESK?
10
ISOLATION, QUARANTINE and SOCIAL DISTANCING
  • No vaccine for the first 6-9 months of the
    pandemic
  • Antiviral drugs will be of limited use or
    unavailable
  • We will need to rely on community-based and
    non-drug strategies
  • Effective strategies that we CAN use to slow
    and reduce the spread of influenza

11
ISOLATION
  • The separation of sick people
  • from healthy people so they cant spread their
    disease

12
ISOLATION AT HOME
  • Isolate the sick person within your home
  • Reduce person-to-person contact with the sick
    person
  • Make one person in the household the main
    caregiver
  • Use a protective mask and gloves
  • Clean and disinfect common areas

13
QUARANTINE
  • The separation of people who are not sick but
    have been exposed to an infectious disease from
    healthy people
  • These people may be contagious and spread the
    disease before they have any symptoms
  • Quarantined people may or may not become sick
  • Quarantine is usually voluntary, but officials
    have the authority to enforce mandatory
    quarantine in a public health emergency

14
SOCIAL DISTANCING
  • Prevent the gathering of groups
  • Closing schools, community centers, malls,
    theaters, houses of worship
  • Canceling sporting events, concerts, parades,
    festivals
  • Limiting use of mass transit
  • Encourage personal behaviors
  • Keeping 4-6 feet away from others in public
    settings
  • Turning your head away from someone who coughs or
    sneezes
  • Walking away if you are standing near someone who
    coughs or sneezes

15
CLEANING ANDDISINFECTING GUIDELINES
  • Use an EPA-registered disinfectant or homemade
    bleach solution
  • Read the instructions on cleaners for safe use
  • Disinfect shared surfaces and items dishes,
    eating utensils, doornobs, counter tops,
    keyboards, telephones, bathroom fixtures, etc
  • Remember to disinfect cleaning supplies
    and equipment
  • DO NOT use environmental cleaners
    and disinfectants on skin wounds or
    infections

16
HOMEMADEDISINFECTING SOLUTION
  • Mix ¼ cup of household bleach in 1 gallon of
    water
  • Make a new batch of solution each day
  • Do not mix bleach with
    other ammonia-containing cleaning
    products

17
IMPORTANT SKILLS FOR AT HOME SICK CARE
  • Taking a Temperature
  • Reducing a Fever
  • Treating Dehydration
  • Monitoring Breathing

18
TAKING A TEMPERATURE
  • Taking a Temperature
  • Rectal Temperature
  • Oral Temperature
  • Oral Temperature with a pacifier thermometer

19
REDUCING A FEVER
  • Drink lots of fluids
  • Remove Extra Clothing
  • Use Fever Reducing Medicines
  • Give a sponge bath for comfort

20
SIGNS OF DEHYRATION
  • Little or no urine
  • Dark and concentrated urine
  • Dry mouth with decreased saliva
  • Sunken or dry eyes with little or no tear
    production
  • Weakness and/or tiredness
  • Headache
  • Loss of skin elasticity (doughy or loose skin)
  • Dizziness when standing or sitting up

21
GIVING LIQUIDS
  • Begin to give liquids at the first sign of the
    flu to maintain hydration
  • Continue to offer liquids even if the person who
    is sick does not feel thirsty or want to drink
    liquids

22
(No Transcript)
23
(No Transcript)
24
MONITORING BREATHING
25
WHEN TO CALL FOR HELP
  • Persistent fever
  • Severe dehydration
  • Respiratory distress
  • Seizure(s)
  • Children - any of the above and
  • Severe ear or muscle pain
  • Change in mental status
  • Vomiting for more than an hour

26
CALL 911
  • If you cannot reach your medical care provider
    about any of the previous problems
  • Skin is dusky or bluish in color
  • Very stiff neck
  • Extreme dizziness or weakness
  • No urination in 12 or more hours
  • Unable to move an arm or leg
  • Seizure(s)

27
KEEP YOUR IMMUNE SYSTEM STRONG
  • Eat foods that boost your immune system (fruits
    vegetables)
  • Stay hydrated
  • Exercise
  • Get enough rest
  • Control stress
  • Wash sanitize your hands
  • Keep immunizations up-to-date

28
COMMON STRESS REACTIONSDURING EMERGENCIES
29
TIPS FOR COPING
  • Stay connected
  • Take care of yourself
  • Limit exposure to the media
  • Find time for activities you enjoy
  • Take one thing at a time
  • Do something positive
  • Avoid drugs and excessive drinking
  • Ask for help
  • Respond to a mental health crisis

30
MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES
  • New Jersey Mental Health Cares
  • (866) 202-HELP (4357)
  • www.njmentalhealthcares.org
  • Mental Health America
  • (800) 273-TALK (8255)
  • www.mentalhealthamerica.net
  • Bergen County PESS (Psychiatric Emergency
    Screening Services) 24 hour crisis services at
  • (201) 262-HELP (4357)

31
(No Transcript)
32
(No Transcript)
33
(No Transcript)
34
RESOURCES
  • Websites
  • Centers for Disease Control Prevention
  • www.cdc.gov
  • NJ Department of Health Senior Services
  • www.njflupandemic.gov
  • Red Cross
  • www.redcross.org
  • US Department of Health Human Services
  • www.pandemicflu.gov
  • US Department of Homeland Security
  • www.ready.gov

35
RESOURCES
  • Books and Manuals
  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • Four
  • Contact your local health department for a
    complete copy of the PANDEMIC INFLUENZA HOME CARE
    GUIDE

36
PANDEMIC INFLENZAHOME CARE GUIDE
  • Prepared by
  • Suzanne Rose, Health Educator
  • For the
  • FAIR LAWN
  • Health Department
  • (201) 794-5327
  • www.FAIRLAWN.ORG
About PowerShow.com