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Quick Survey


the best way to vote is to pick a candidate regardless of party label. ... Party in electorate- increase independents, split ticket voting ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Quick Survey

Quick Survey
  • Do you agree or disagree with the following
  • parties do more to confuse the issues than to
    provide a clear choice on issues.
  • the best way to vote is to pick a candidate
    regardless of party label.
  • it would be better if we put no party labels on
    the ballot at all.

The Definition of Party
  • organizations that recruit and sponsor candidates
    for public office under the organization's name.
  • The aim of parties is to establish control of
    government at a particular level.

Functions of Parties
  • organized critique of the party in power
  • a choice of leaders and programs
  • recruit and nominate electoral candidates
  • Provide cues to voters
  • Mobilize voters

2 Party System-Why
  • United States
  • Electoral system
  • Winner take all
  • Ballot access laws/campaign finance system
  • France- 2 rounds
  • First round, all parties participate
  • Runoff election between 2 top parties

Single Member Simple Plurality
  • SMSP System
  • GOP 40 Winner
  • Dem 35
  • Green 25
  • Proportional System
  • 40 seats GOP, 35 Dem, 25 Green
  • SM majority system, runoff elections
  • 2nd election between GOP and Dem candidate

Societal Consensus
  • United States--Less ideological/religious
  • Separation of church and state
  • Desirability of capitalism, free markets
  • France
  • Desirability of revolution
  • Desirability of capitalism
  • Desirability of religion
  • Desirability of centralization Paris v. Regions
  • Communists v. Socialists
  • RPR v. Free Republic v. National Front

Third Parties
  • Third parties rarely last
  • Electoral system- wasted votes
  • Main parties absorb issues
  • Perot and budget deficits
  • Nader and campaign finance reform?

Characteristics of the American Party System
  • highly fragmented and localism most elections
    are at local level
  • 50 state party organizations governed by state,
    not national, laws
  • National party only during presidential elections
  • New Deal Coalition- labor, blacks, and south?

The Democratic Parties
  • Democratic National Committee
  • Senate Democratic caucus, House Democratic Caucus
  • NY democratic party
  • Saratoga County democratic party
  • Saratoga Springs Democratic party

Evolution of Parties
  • Up until 1952, parties dominate American politics
  • Party workers mobilize voters
  • Dominate citizens conceptions of politics
  • But are weakening in face of progressive reforms

Why did parties die?
  • Civil service reform
  • Nonpartisan local elections, reliance on
  • The new intelligent and independent voter
  • Changes in technology

New technologies
  • Polling Al DAmato
  • Direct Mail fundraising
  • TV advertising
  • Change from politics dominated by parties to one
    dominated by technology and consultants
  • Capital not labor intensive

Weakening Parties
  • Party in electorate- increase independents, split
    ticket voting
  • Party in government reduction in party voting
  • Party as organization most campaigns are
    candidate centered

Who benefits from weak parties?
  • special interests
  • Wealthy and celebrity candidates
  • Incumbents gain
  • Political consultants

Consequences of Party Decline
  • decline of collective responsibility
  • Rise of blame game
  • Stronger parties would
  • Increase voters power
  • Promote more responsible govt

Party decline causes
  • Immobilism
  • Single Issue Politics
  • Popular alienation from government

Are Parties Alive and Well?
  • National committees, campaign committees

Differences between Parties
  • What do Democrats believe?
  • favor stronger role for the national government
    in areas such as health care, education, and the
  • More supportive policies supporting various
    groups (minorities, women, gays).
  • More in favor of redistributive policies.
  • More permissive socially

Differences between 2 Parties
  • What do Republicans believe?
  • More limited role for government in general, but
    especially the national government.
  • Deregulation--give more power to the free market,
    less power to the government.
  • Lower taxes and spending.
  • Stricter social policy family values
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