TSW: View a short clip and explore online resources in order to describe the role of political parties in the US political system. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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TSW: View a short clip and explore online resources in order to describe the role of political parties in the US political system.

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Dispensing Patronage favors given to reward party loyalty. Loyal Opposition party out of power assumes role of 'watchdog' over government ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TSW: View a short clip and explore online resources in order to describe the role of political parties in the US political system.


1
  • TSW View a short clip and explore online
    resources in order to describe the role of
    political parties in the US political system.
  • Warm Up What do each of the following symbols
    represent? (Hint Were talking political parties
    today)

2
Political Parties
  • Local, State, and National Government
  • Chapter 16

3
A Political Party
  • a group of people with broad common interests
    who organize to win elections, control
    government, and influence government policies.

4
Party Systems
  • One-Party Systems
  • Authoritarian governments
  • Theocracy
  • Multi-Party Systems
  • Most common form of party system
  • Politically Unstable
  • Two-Party Systems
  • Least common form of party system
  • Example United States

5
Growth of American Parties
  • 1789 Federalists vs. Democratic-Republican
  • 1828 Dem-Repslit into National Republican
    (Whig) vs. Democrat
  • 1860 Whig Party becomes Republican
  • In essence, both modern political parties
    (Democratic and Republican) have their roots
    during the Civil War era.

6
Modern Political Parties
The Democratic Party
The Republican Party AKA The Grand Old Party (GOP)
www.democrats.org
www.gop.com
7
Role of Minor Parties
  • Third Party
  • any party other than one of the two major parties
  • Examples Constitution, Green, Socialist
  • Impact of Third Parties? draw votes from major
    parties bring attention to issues
  • Obstacles to Third Parties
  • Getting on ballot
  • Single-member districts
  • Financing

8
Political Party Organization
  • Precinctvoting district
  • Wardseveral adjoining precincts
  • County Committeeconsists of several wards
  • State Central Committeecomposed of reps from
    county organizations
  • National Committeecomposed mainly of reps from
    50 state party organizations

9
Functions of the Political Party
  • Recruiting Candidatesseek out and support people
    they feel can be elected
  • Educating the Publicraise public awareness as to
    important issues
  • Operating Governmentrun and staff government
  • Dispensing Patronagefavors given to reward party
    loyalty
  • Loyal Oppositionparty out of power assumes role
    of watchdog over government
  • Reduction of Conflictmoderate policies adopted
    to attract approval of many differing factions.

10
Nominating Candidates
  • Caucusesprivate meetings of party leaders who
    gather to select candidates 19 states use this
    method today
  • Nominating Conventionsofficial public meeting of
    a party to choose candidates for office
  • Primary Electionselection in which voters select
    candidates to run
  • Closed primary? only members of a political party
    can vote
  • Open primary? all voters may participate
  • Petitiona person announces his/her candidacy and
    files petitions that a specified number of voters
    have signed in order to be placed on the ballot

11
Learning Log
Extra Credit
  • Exploring todays major parties online? Use the
    guide sheet go to online and answer questions
    about the Democratic and Republican parties.
  • Which method for selecting candidates (Chapter
    16-3) is most fair in your opinion? Explain your
    choice.
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