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Community Wildfire Protection Plans:

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Encourages preparedness through Community Wildfire Protection Plans (CWPPs) ... How do context and process influence collaborative outcomes in wildfire planning? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Community Wildfire Protection Plans:


1
  • Community Wildfire Protection Plans
  • The Great Lakes States Experience
  • Welcome!
  • March 18, 2008
  • Rhinelander, Wisconsin

2
Workshop Partners
  • Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
  • Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
  • Michigan Department of Natural Resources
  • USDA Forest Service Chequamegon-Nicolet
    National Forest, Superior National Forest,
    Manistee National Forest Northern Research
    Station, Rocky Mountain Research Station
  • Northwest Regional Planning Commission, WI
  • University of Minnesota
  • Fort Lewis College, CO

3
Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003
  • Promotes collaboration around wildland fire
    management
  • Expedited fuels reduction projects
  • Encourages preparedness through Community
    Wildfire Protection Plans (CWPPs)

4
  • What is the Joint Fire Science
  • CWPP Project?
  • http//jfsp.fortlewis.edu
  • Principal Investigators
  • Pam Jakes and Dan Williams
  • USFS Northern Research Station
  • USFS Rocky Mountain Research Station
  • Partner Investigators
  • Kristen C. Nelson, University of Minnesota
  • Victoria Sturtevant, Southern Oregon University
  • Tony Cheng, Colorado State University
  • Sam Burns, Fort Lewis College, CO

5
  • Research Questions
  • What are the outcomes of federal law requiring
    collaboration?
  • How do context and process influence
    collaborative outcomes in wildfire planning?
  • How does the CWPP process impact social capacity?

6
Study Area
  • 13 cases
  • 162 interviews total
  • Case level
  • 4 county
  • 4 municipal
  • 5 homeowner association
  • Range in community capacity

7
Project Advisory Board
  • Help identify relevant issues
  • Provide feedback on CWPP insights
  • Assist in building awareness of the lessons
    learned
  • Provide guidance in knowledge transfer

8
Knowledge Transfer Approach
  • make available lessons learned about the
    contexts, processes and outcomes of collaboration
  • Shared in traditional professional meetings
  • Dialogue with diverse folks working on wildfire
    mitigation and protection via workshops.
  • Workshop topics chosen to best fit the CWPP
    development process and stages of the host states.

9
What are the benefits of a Community
WildfireProtection Plan?
10
Grizzly Flats, California

11
Grizzly Flats, California Benefits
  • Creates potential to reach other community goals
  • A principal benefit was how it helped reach the
    goal of creating a community center and fire
    station in Grizzly Flats.

12
Auburn Lake Trails,California

13
Auburn Lake Trails, California Benefits
  • Fuel management and infrastructural improvements
  • Something was actually getting done fuel
    management around homes, commons fuels
    management, shaded fuel break, street/house
    signing, etc.

14
Post Mountain, California

15
Post Mountain, California Benefits
  • New resources used for uncontested projects
  • A great benefit was the Watershed Research
    Training Center (WRTC) joining with The Nature
    Conservancy (TNC) to become a Fire Learning
    Network Project.
  • It really helps us get some other resources and
    do some coordination across bounds like this.
  • The stewardship project was not appealed by
    environmentalists.

16
Ashland, Oregon
17
Jackson County, Oregon Benefits?
Some attempts for a CWPP held little
benefit Little change Environmentalists
threatened litigation Forest Service held on to
strict interpretation of law to avoid successful
litigation
18
Josephine County, Oregon
19
Josephine County, Oregon Benefits
  • Social learning about each other community
    capacity building
  • The tremendous growth in community capacity new
    assets (economic, social, political).
  • There was significant learning regarding
    cooperative planning for both mitigation and
    response unclear how extensively efforts have
    diffused into the community, but there have been
    some successful cooperative projects with
    homeowners.

20
Em Kayan, Montana
21
Em Kayan Firewise Communities/ USA Plan
Lincoln County CWPP
Lincoln County pre-disaster mitigation plan
State of Montana multi-hazard mitigation plan
Embedded Plan
22
Lake County, Colorado

23
Lake County, Colorado Benefits
Knowledge spreads to other communities Community
members involved in the process are now aware of
the wildfire threat and the unique fire ecology
of their forests this knowledge has been
spreading by word-of-mouth to other communities
that were not involved
24
East Portal, Colorado

25
East Portal, Colorado Benefits
Common goal and common message The CWPP creates
a common goal for community members to work
towards among themselves as well as with agency
partners.
26
Harris Park, Colorado

27
Harris Park, Colorado Benefits
  • Increased understanding of each others interests
  • Community members who interacted with the fire
    department or Colorado State Forest Service are
    now able to speak knowledgably about forest
    ecology and fire defense. Agency members speak
    with an understanding of community values and
    concerns.

28
Lake County, Minnesota
29
Lake County, Minnesota Benefits
  • Awareness of the wildfire issue
  • just getting everybody involved. The local fire
    departments and people to understand. Trying to
    get the citizens and everybody to understand that
    its important to address. Especially when you
    live in remote areas, or urban areas you know,
    back up to the forest. I think thats a really
    primary goal to get people to understand that. To
    see why youre trying to do something.

30
Barnes and Drummond, Wisconsin
31
Barnes and Drummond, Wisconsin Benefits
  • New and/or strengthened relationships.
  • "But just to show that it could be done, and we
    could communicate as a group, and you could take
    agencies that have different focuses, bring them
    together and everybody come through it okay. I
    think that it proved that there's a great working
    relationship in this part of the world. And we
    can take a difficult issue and we can find ways
    to make things better."

32
High Knob, Virginia
33
High Knob, Virginia Benefits
  • Improved protection and safety for the community
  • Fostering a sense of community
  • Relationships created in the CWPP have already
    helped achieve non-wildfire related objectives.

34
Taylor, Florida
35
Taylor, Florida Benefits
Agreement on actions that need to be taken
together I think having the agencies come
together and realize that Taylor is a vulnerable
area. And that they are now all working together
to protect it. Everyone had a positive attitude
toward the plan and the fuel break was completed.
36
Benefits Realized
  • Awareness of the wildfire issue
  • New and/or strengthened relationships
  • Increased understanding of each others interests
  • Agreement on actions that need to be taken
    together
  • Common goal and common message
  • Fuel management and infrastructural improvements
  • New resources used for uncontested projects
  • Social learning about each other
  • Community capacity building - social, economic,
    political
  • Improved protection and safety for the community
  • Knowledge spreads to other communities
  • Creates potential to reach other community goals

37
Benefits Support Capacity
  • SocialNew and/or strengthened relationshipsIncre
    ased understanding of each others
    interestsAgreement on actions that need to be
    taken togetherCommon goal and common
    messageSocial learning about each otherCreates
    potential to reach other community goals
  • KnowledgeAwareness of the wildfire
    issueCommunity capacity building - social,
    economic, politicalKnowledge spreads to other
    communities
  • Natural system and InfrastructureFuel management
    and infrastructural improvementsImproved
    protection and safety for the community
  • FinancialNew resources used for uncontested
    projects

38
How do these perspectivesfit with your
expectations of CWPPs?What are the benefits
people in your community will respond to?
39
(No Transcript)
40
Realized Benefits and Outcomes of CWPPs
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