THE ROLE OF REMOTE SENSING AND OTHER TECHNOLOGY IN WESTERN U'S' WILDFIRE MANAGEMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title:

THE ROLE OF REMOTE SENSING AND OTHER TECHNOLOGY IN WESTERN U'S' WILDFIRE MANAGEMENT

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Wildfire's role in forest's natural ecology ... to obtain, classify, process, and manage R.S. information for wildfire management ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE ROLE OF REMOTE SENSING AND OTHER TECHNOLOGY IN WESTERN U'S' WILDFIRE MANAGEMENT


1
THE ROLE OF REMOTE SENSING AND OTHER TECHNOLOGY
IN WESTERN U.S. WILDFIRE MANAGEMENT
  • Prepared by Charlie Pickett

2
SMOKEY BEAR SAYS
  • Only YOU can prevent forest fires!

3
Are forest fires bad?
  • Up to 20th century 40-50 million acres per year
  • Suppression began, acres burned in decline
  • Since 1960 steady at 5 million acres
  • HOWEVER
  • Suppression costs continue to rise
  • Over 1 BILLION spent in American west alone

4
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6
Century of Suppression
  • Late 1800s - white settlers moved west
  • 1920s bad fire season
  • NFS declared WAR ON WILDFIRES
  • Wildfire research began
  • 1935 firebomber
  • testing
  • 1978 computer fire
  • prediction models
  • 1990s satellite imagery
  • (RS) GIS

7
Results of suppression
  • Suppression costs steadily on the rise
  • WHY?
  • Wildfires role in forests natural ecology
  • New suburban neighborhoods near/within wildland
    areas

8
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10
What is being done?
Shift in wildland fire management
philosophy MANAGEMENT vs. Suppression
11
Technology Today
Remote Sensing Thermal, mid-IR, visual
bands near real time acquisition
rate daily pass-overs large
scale 1500 RAWS units used to
measure. forest greenness, wind speed
direction, topography, stand density, canopy base
level, dry fuel moisture many, many more
12
Technology Today
Computer Fire Prediction Models
13
Possible Improvements
  • Currently several agencies nationwide process
    R.S. info
  • NASA
  • USFS
  • University of Maryland
  • USFS Remote Sensing Applications Center
  • National Interagency Fire Center
  • Create one, national agency
  • to obtain, classify, process, and manage R.S.
    information for wildfire management

14
Questions?
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