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World War I The Great War

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... First World War ... Causes of World War I. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand ... The First World War lasted from 1914 to 1918, and it was the most ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War I The Great War


1
World War IThe Great War
2
174 623 Canadian soldiers were wounded during the
First World War.
3
Canada and the First World War
  • An assassination in Sarajevo in June 1914 went
    almost unnoticed in Canada. Few Canadians
    expected that it would lead to war fewer still
    anticipated the sacrifices Canada would be called
    to make.

4
Causes of World War I
  • The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
  • Alliances in Europe
  • Nationalism
  • Imperialism
  • Militarism
  • Ultimatum

5
Assassination in Sarajevo, Bosnia
  • On Sunday, June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz
    Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, was shot
    and killed by a Serbian nationalist during a
    visit to Sarajevo in Bosnia.

6
Alliances in Europe
  • Alliances are formed when countries band together
    against a common threat

7
Triple Entente
  • France
  • Britain
  • Russia

8
Triple Alliance
  • Germany
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Italy (when the WWI started Italy joined the
    Triple Entente)

9
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10
Nationalism
  • Nationalism is a feeling of deep loyalty to ones
    people and homeland
  • In 19th century Europe, nationalism was a
    powerful force
  • By the early 20th century, extreme nationalism
    was causing problems
  • Some people were ready to go to war to promote
    the interests of their homelands

11
Imperialism
  • European countries were interested in gaining
    control of lands away from their home country
  • The lands and colonies were a source of raw
    materials and money
  • They also gave the home country glory and
    military strength

12
Imperialism
  • France, Britain, and Russia had colonies
    throughout Europe and the world
  • The largest empire was controlled by Britain
  • The British Empire included Canada, Australia,
    New Zealand, India, Burma, South Africa, the East
    and West Indies, and islands in the Pacific

13
Imperialism
  • Germany also wanted colonies
  • By the time Germany began to build an empire, all
    that remained were territories of lesser value
  • Imperialism led to frequent disputes among the
    great powers of Europe
  • Arguments over colonies and trade () threatened
    peace

14
Militarism
  • Militarism is the belief in the power of strong
    armies and navies to decide issues
  • The only way to guarantee peace was to prepare
    for war
  • Based on the idea that if a nation is strong, no
    enemy would dare attack it

15
Militarism
  • This kind of thinking led to an arms race in
    Europe
  • Each country produced steel battleships, cannons,
    and explosives
  • The size of armies and navies determined who
    would be the most powerful nation in Europe
  • Britain became nervous when Germany started
    building a huge navy

16
Canadas Role in WWI
  • Canada was one of the smallest allied countries
    by population with 8 million
  • Contributed 600,661 soldiers
  • 61,663 military personnel died
  • In some small communities entire generations of
    young men were lost

17
The War Measures Act
  • The Canadian government passed the War Measures
    Act after the war started
  • It gave the federal government full power to
    arrest people suspected of being subversives
    (enemies)
  • Internment camp in Amherst, NS for suspected
    German and Austrian sympathizers

18
The Road to Nationhood
  • Canada entered the war as a self-governing colony
    of Great Britain
  • In 1917, the British government agreed to give
    Canada the power to make their own decisions
    regarding their own foreign affairs
  • Before 1917, Great Britain made these decisions

19
World 1919
20
Europe 1919
21
World War IThe Great War
Those who were on the battlefield on November 11,
1918, described what they experienced this way
22
World War IThe Great War
"The guns were roaring, then suddenly there was
an eerie silence and four years of blood shed had
come to an end." These four years cost the lives
of more than 60,000 young Canadians.
23
World War IThe Great War
The 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month,
1918, saw the end of what was supposed to be "the
war to end all wars." The First World War lasted
from 1914 to 1918, and it was the most brutal war
the world had ever seen.
24
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