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The First World War War at Home


After World War I started Great Britain ... President Wilson's plan to end World War I; The Fourteen Points. ... After World War I ended a peace conference ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The First World War War at Home

The First World War- War at Home Abroad
Treaty of Versailles Fourteen Points
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (June
  • The following is an eyewitness account of the
    Archduke Franz Ferdinands bodyguard.
  • He was one of those in the car when the Archduke
    of Austria-Hungary was shot.
  • At that, I seized the Archduke by the collar of
    his uniform, to stop his head dropping forward
    and asked him if he was in great pain. He
    answered me quite distinctly, 'It's nothing!' His
    face began to twist somewhat but he went on
    repeating, six or seven times, ever more faintly
    as he gradually lost consciousness, 'It's
    nothing!' Then, after a short pause, there was a
    violent choking sound caused by the bleeding. It
    was stopped as we reached the Konak."

Woodrow Wilson U.S. Declaration of Neutrality
(August 19, 1914)
  • Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia in July,
    1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz
  • This one declaration of war brought many other
    world powers into war because of the alliances
    each country had made prior to the outbreak of
  • President Wilson declared the United States
    neutral at the outset of war.

German Declaration of Naval Blockade Against
Shipping to Britain (February 4, 1915)
  • The following is the declaration by the German
    government informing countries around the world
    that Germany was establishing a war zone
  • Germany did this in response to Britains naval
    blockade of Germany.
  • The waters round Great Britain and Ireland,
    including the English Channel, are hereby
    proclaimed a war region.
  • On and after February 18th every enemy merchant
    vessel found in this region will be destroyed,
    without its always being possible to warn the
    crews or passengers of the dangers threatening.

President Wilson U.S. 'Strict Accountability'
Warning to Germany (February 10, 1915)
  • After World War I started Great Britain blockaded
  • In response Germany declared a War Zone around
    Great Britain and used unrestricted submarine
    warfare sinking all ships regardless if they were
    belligerents or neutral countries.
  • In the following Wilson warned that the US would
    hold Germany accountable for any harm done to
    Americans or their property on the seas.
  • the Imperial German Government can readily
    appreciate that the Government of the United
    States would be constrained to hold the Imperial
    Government of Germany to a strict
    accountabilityand to take any steps it might be
    necessary to take to safeguard American lives and
    property and to secure to American citizens the
    full enjoyment of their acknowledged rights on
    the high seas.

The Lusitania and Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Propaganda Leaflettes from World War I
  • The following excerpts include examples of
    leaflets dropped over enemy lines from planes and
  • These are great examples of the types of
    psychological tricks employed by the combatants
    during the war.
  • British leaflet dropped into German trenches
    by balloon
  • They tell you that you are fighting for the
    Fatherland. Have you ever thought why you are
  • You are fighting to glorify Hindenburg, to
    enrich Krupp. You are struggling for the Kaiser,
    the Junkers, and the militarists....

U.S. Propaganda Posters
(No Transcript)
German Ambassador Count Johann von Bernstorff
letter to Robert Lansing, U.S. Secretary of
State (January 31, 1917)
  • This is a response from The German Ambassador to
    the Secretary of State regarding President
    Wilsons stance on unrestricted submarine warfare
  • The German people also repudiate all alliances
    which serve to force the countries into a
    competition for might and to involve them in a
    net of selfish intrigues.  On the other hand,
    Germany will gladly cooperate in all efforts to
    prevent future wars.

President Wilson Address to Congress (February
3, 1917)
  • This is President Wilsons response to Germanys
    decision to resume unrestricted submarine
  • Unless the Imperial Government should now
    immediately declare and effect an abandonment of
    its present methods of submarine warfare against
    passenger and freight carrying vessels, the
    Government of the United States can have no
    choice but to sever diplomatic relations with the
    German Empire altogether.

Arthur Zimmermann Decoded message text of the
Zimmermann Telegram
  • The following is a letter the German foreign
    minister Arthur Zimmermann wrote to Mexico.
  • Germany wanted to try and beat the Allied Powers
    before the U.S. joined.
  • Germany thought if the U.S. were to be fighting a
    war against Mexico in the U.S. they would not
    send troops to fight in Europe.
  • This note was published in U.S. newspapers and
    angered most Americans. A month later the U.S.
    declared war on Germany, April 4, 1917.
  • keep the United States of America neutral. In
    the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico
    a proposal or alliance on the following basis
    make war together, make peace together, generous
    financial support and an understanding on our
    part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost

The Espionage Act (May 16, 1917)
  • The following act was passed by Congress shortly
    after the United States declared war on Germany
    in April, 1917.
  • Congress passed this to silence people who did
    not support the war in the U.S.
  • and whoever shall wilfully advocate, teach,
    defend, or suggest the doing of any of the acts
    or things in this section enumerated and whoever
    shall by word or act support or favor the cause
    of any coun try with which the United States is
    at war or by word or act oppose the cause of the
    United States therein, shall be punished by a
    fine of not more than 10,000 or imprisonment for
    not more than twenty years, or both

Woodrow Wilson Fourteen Points (January
8, 1918)
  • The following is President Wilsons plan to end
    World War I
  • The Fourteen Points.
  • He delivered this plan to congress January 8,
    1918 after an armistice was signed to stop the
    war in Europe November 11, 1918.
  • What we demand in this war, therefore, is
    nothing peculiar to ourselves. It is that the
    world be made fit and safe to live in and
    particularly that it be made safe for every
    peace-loving nation which, like our own, wishes
    to live its own life, determine its own
    institutions, be assured of justice and fair
    dealing by the other peoples of the world as
    against force and selfish aggression

Peace Treaty of Versailles Articles 159-213
Military, Naval and Air Clauses
  • After World War I ended a peace conference was
    held in Paris.
  • At this peace Conference the Big 4 (President
    Wilson from the U.S., Prime Minister David Lloyd
    George from Great Britain, Premier Georges
    Clemenceau from France, and Prime Minister
    Vittorio Orlando from Italy) dominated the peace
  • The Treaty of Versailles was the treaty that
    Germany signed.
  • The terms of the treaty were very harsh and
    disliked by Germans.
  • The Treaty of Versailles made many German
    soldiers, like Adolf Hitler, bitter about the
    results of World War I.