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The difficulties in traceability systems implementation in the Polish fish industry

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210 processing plans are approved to sell their products on the EU-market, ... Fish, fresh or chilled, excluding fish fillets and other fish meat ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The difficulties in traceability systems implementation in the Polish fish industry


1
The difficulties in traceability systems
implementation in the Polish fish industry
  • Olga Szulecka
  • Peter Workshop
  • "Consolidating and Exploiting EU Research
  • on Food and Feed Traceability
  • CSL, York, UK
  • 11-13th of October 2006

2
Parts of presentation
  • Presentation of the Polish fish processing
    industry
  • Results from traceability survey in the Polish
    fish processing industry
  • Conclusions from the survey
  • Summary

3
The Polish fish processing plants
  • 210 processing plans are approved to sell their
    products on the EU-market,
  • 53 processing plans are approved to sell their
    products only on the domestic market,
  • about 40 processing plants are still being
    adjusted to the EU food and hygiene legislation,

4
Production of the Polish fish processors
  • Total production in 2005
  • 319200 tons,
  • 3,150 millions zl,

SFI - assessment data
5
Description of the survey
  • Aim
  • The evaluation of traceability systems
    implementation in the Polish fish industry.
  • Scope and methodology
  • The prepared questionnaire with 19 questions was
    sent by e-mail or fax to the Polish processing
    plants.
  • 24 processing plants (small-6, medium-15 and
    big-3) fulfilled the questionnaires and sent them
    back to Sea Fisheries Institute in Gdynia.

6
Traceability implementation in the Polish fish
processing industry
  • March 2004 22 processing plants were questioned
    implementation of traceability 95,24,
  • September 2006 24 processing plants were
    questioned implementation of traceability
    100.

7
Fish processing - March 2004
Source Data from authors survey
8
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
9
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
10
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
11
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
12
Traceability - legislation requirements
  • Food and feed Reg. No 178/2002 1.01. 2006.
  • GMO Reg. No 1830/2003 - 1.2004,
  • Labelling of allergens Dir. No 2000/13/EC -
    25.11.2005
  • Food contact materials Reg. No 1935/2004
    27.10. 2006.

13
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
14
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
15
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
16
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
17
Fish processing - Sep. 2006
Source Data from authors survey
18
Traceability requirements from art. 18 of
Regulation No 178/2002
  • Food and feed business operators shall be able
    to identify any person from whom they have been
    supplied with a food, a feed, (…) and to identify
    the other businesses to which their products have
    been supplied.

19
Fish traceability regulations
  • Article 4 of Regulation No 104/2000
  • 1. (…) the fish products (mentioned in art. 1
    a,b,c) may not be offered for retail sale to the
    final consumer, irrespective of the marketing
    method, unless appropriate marking or labelling
    indicates
  • (a) the commercial designation of the species
  • (b) the production method (caught at sea or in
    inland waters or farmed)
  • (c) the catch area.
  • Article 8 of Regulation No 2065/2001
  • The information required concerning the
    commercial designation, the production method and
    the catch area shall be available at each stage
    of marketing of the species concerned. This
    information together with the scientific name of
    the species concerned shall be provided by means
    of the labelling or packaging of the product, or
    by means of a commercial document accompanying
    the goods, including the invoice.

20
Fish traceability regulations
  • Fish products
  • Live fish,
  • Fish, fresh or chilled, excluding fish fillets
    and other fish meat (…)
  • Fish, frozen excluding fish fillets and other
    fish meat (…)
  • Fish fillets and other fish meat (whether or not
    minced), fresh chilled or frozen
  • Fish, dried, salted or in brine smoked fish
    (…) flours, meals and pellets of fish, fit for
    human consumption
  • Crustaceans, whether in shell or not, live,
    fresh, chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in
    brine (…)
  • Molluscs, whether in shell or not, live, fresh,
    chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine (…)

21
Main difficulties in traceability systems
implementation
  • Financial problems e.g.
  • lack of money for buying necessary IT equipment,
  • old fishing vessels - too expensive
    modernisation,
  • lack of networks in the old processing plants,
  • Technological problems e.g.
  • heavy processing environment for wireless
    networks,
  • fish processing plants unprepared for next
    modernisation,

22
Main difficulties in traceability systems
implementation
  • Organizational problems e.g.
  • shortage of data transmission between links in
    fish chains,
  • too many unnecessary documents too less
    important information,
  • Inspectional problems e.g.
  • fish supply chain controlled by 5 different
    inspections,
  • insufficient transfer of information between the
    inspections,
  • Others e.g.
  • lack of sufficient communication in fish supply
    chain,
  • lack of conviction of the traceability essence
    and benefits,
  • not enough bibliography and trainings about
    traceability in fishing industry.

23
Difficulties with GS 1 (EAN) standard adoption
  • lack of GS1 (EAN) registration numbers
    implementation in fishermen and fish farmers and
    some part of processors (GLN, GTIN, SSCC),
  • very expensive IT equipment (for the Polish
    fishermen, fish farmers and fish processors),
  • lack of the Polish cheap software for
    traceability/ GS1 (EAN) standards implementation,
    (weighing machines, scanners, printers),
  • low interest of using bar codes in Poland,

24
Difficulties with GS 1 (EAN) standard adoption
  • lack of necessary experience of the Polish IT
    companies at traceability systems implementation
    in fish industry,
  • anxiety of operators over the another system
    implementation,
  • necessary another modernisation of processing
    plant,
  • too long time of implementation.

25
Conclusions from the survey
  • The Polish fish processing plants implemented the
    traceability systems,
  • The type of implemented system depends on needs
    and financial opportunities,
  • Due to those reasons the most of processing plans
    use only paper data bases which are not
    sufficient for fast reaction for alert and
    product recall,
  • Also not all processing plants are prepared for
    food packaging materials traceability.

26
New requirement
  • Polish Food and Nutrition Safety Act of the 25
    August 2006, art.100. 1.7.
  • Who does not identify the food suppliers and
    recipients according to the requirements enclosed
    in Regulation No 178/2002 art. 18.
  • will be punish by a fine.

27
Summary Solutions for the future
  • Presentations of the benefits of traceability
    systems implementation,
  • Money from the accession funds (FIFG, EFF),
  • Training courses for fishermen and processors
    leading by the EU and Polish experts,
  • Cooperation with the EU IT- companies,
  • Solutions adopted in the other EU-countries.

28
Thank you for your attention
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