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Horizon scanning for the science and technology needs of developing countries

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Defra One Planet Living' Other funders increasing R&D budgets for development sciences ... New initiatives with RCs etc to take basic science to end user ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Horizon scanning for the science and technology needs of developing countries


1
Horizon scanning for the science and technology
needs of developing countries
  • Andrée Carter
  • Director
  • UK Collaborative on
  • Development Sciences

2
Acknowledgement
  • A number of slides have been adapted from the
    DIUS Foresight Horizon Scanning Centre
  • The Centre's aims are
  • To inform departmental and cross-departmental
    decision-making
  • To support horizon scanning carried out by others
    inside government
  • To spot the implications of emerging science and
    technology and enable others to act on them
  • http//www.foresight.gov.uk/horizonscanning/

3
Development Sciences
  • Any science with a direct or indirect potential
    to contribute to international agendas for
    development in the poorest countries of the
    world
  • Development Sciences Working Group
  • October 2006

4
UK policy context
  • 2006 DFID White paper Making governance work for
    the poor
  • DFID RD doubling 2005 budget to 220M by 2010
  • New DFID RD strategy 2008 - 2013
  • DH proposal for a Global Health Strategy
  • Defra One Planet Living
  • Other funders increasing RD budgets for
    development sciences

5
UK Collaborative on Development Sciences
  • Coordination of research which benefits
    developing countries
  • Develop research capacity (skills,
    infrastructure, systems processes) in UK and in
    developing countries
  • Ensure future needs are anticipated

6
UKCDS work programme
  • Review and synthesise members funding on
  • Climate change
  • Capacity building
  • Horizon Scanning
  • Identify gaps, synergies, added value and make
    recommendations for future funding strategies

7
Horizon scanning is
  • ….the systematic examination of potential
    threats, opportunities and likely developments
    including but not restricted to those at the
    margins of current thinking and planning.
    Horizon scanning may explore novel and unexpected
    issues as well as persistent problems and
    trends.
  • Chief Scientists Advisers Committee 09/04

8
OR………
  • Looking ahead
  • Beyond the normal time scales
  • Looking across
  • Beyond the usual sources

9
Horizon Scanning Process
  • Scientific papers, trends, databases, expert
    judgement, think tanks, market research,
    stakeholder opinions
  • Synthesis of extensive information
  • Identify key uncertainties
  • Structured approach to scenario building and
    testing
  • Identify key drivers and challenges
  • Develop range of options and approaches

10
Outline methodology
  • Clarifies purpose, commitment need
  • Engages stakeholders
  • Rapid overview of diverse context, opinion
    seeking, ownership
  • Understand scope
  • Brainstorm, dimensions
  • Credibility, peer review
  • Guide funders researchers

Question Owner Outcome
Develop methodology
Interviews scan literature
Review prepare material
Expert workshop multidisciplinary all stakeholders
Synthesis and QA outputs
Inform strategic policy, funders and deliverers
Audit of impacts
11
10 Dimensions of Uncertainty
  • Global balance of power architecture
  • Economic governance models
  • Technology science
  • Communications communities
  • Societies values and beliefs
  • Demographics
  • Health wellbeing
  • Security conflict
  • Climate change
  • Resources

12
Scenario structure
Very fast
New powers, new alliances
A new multipolarity
Emergence of new powers
Social-economic-political openness
Selfish incumbents
The old order remains
Slower
13
Making use of existing RD
  • In 2006, the UK spent an estimated 6.85 billion
    on official development assistance (ODA) which
    represents 0.52 per cent as a proportion of Gross
    National Income (GNI)
  • UK RD spend directly relevant to developing
    countries 500m??
  • www.research4development.info
  • www.researchintouse.org innovation systems
  • New initiatives with RCs etc to take basic
    science to end user
  • Translational research for existing RD

14
Evidential Tools GO Science funded projects 2006
  • www.deltascan.org
  • www.sigmascan.org

Synthesis of best global futures
work Outsights/Ipsos MORI
Cutting-edge perspectives of over 250 ST
experts Institute for the Future
15
(No Transcript)
16
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17
Future Science Technology needs UKCDS initial
views
  • Effective strategic planning and prioritisation
    at national, regional local level
  • Research communications and uptake by policy
    makers and practitioners
  • Systematic evaluation of development programmes,
    e.g. impact evaluation
  • Social determinants of health and how the health
    system address them
  • Multidisciplinary research for complex problems
  • Higher education research and capacity building
  • Managing water resources in an era of
    environmental change
  • Low carbon economies, biofuels sustainable
    energy
  • Partnerships with BRICS, the private sector

18
Global research needs
  • Climate change as a stressor across all
    sectors/research themes
  • Population dynamics, migration and functional
    demographic systems to inform national decision
    making
  • Emerging infectious diseases (ref. UK Foresight
    project) and persistence of old ones
  • Global interconnectedness and international trade
  • Security and international development
  • Interplay and linkages between all of the above

19
UKCDS Management Planning Process
Other funders stakeholders
Expert scientific opinion
UKCDS secretariat
Member organisations
INPUT
e.g. Royal Societies, Public etc
Workshops, surveys, expert groups
Research, database analysis, mapping, synthesis
Ongoing activities, Future strategies and plans
UKCDS STEERING BOARD Chief Executives from UKCDS
membership Analysis of current activity future
needs Opportunities barriers to
progress Sharing information State of the
research environment Actions to improve impact
outcomes
PROCESS
A COHERENT NATIONAL APPROACH
OUTCOME
CREATION OF AN ENVIRONMENT THAT FACILITATES
RESEARCH IN THE AREA
Independent activities by member organisations
Joint Activities
Joint approaches to infrastructure provision,
jointly funded initiatives, joint negotiations
with 3rd party organisations, joint policy
development
Complementary and informed by activities of
others, taken as part of a coherent national
approach
Communication, circulation of annual and project
reports
20
Next steps
  • Develop horizon scanning proposal with developing
    countries, DIUS and UKCDS membership
  • Consult and engage with key stakeholders
  • Contact a.carter_at_ukcds.org
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