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John Locke

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Born August 29, 1632 in Somerset, Engand. Raised in Pensford. Family = Anglican-Puritan. Educated in West Mininister School later _at_ Christ Church, Oxford ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: John Locke


1
John Locke
  • By Anjelica Short, Lea Fuscaldo, Alexandra Boden

2
Biography
  • Born August 29, 1632 in Somerset, Engand
  • Raised in Pensford
  • Family Anglican-Puritan
  • Educated in West Mininister School later _at_
    Christ Church, Oxford
  • Oxford curriculum unaltered by Puritan reforms
  • 1666 - met Lord Ashley
  • Locke helped him write constitution of Carolina
  • Died _at_ age 72

3
Lord Ashley
  • Aggressive politician
  • Many enemies
  • Views
  • Constitutional monarchy
  • Protestant succession
  • Civil liberty
  • Religious tolerance
  • Parliament rule
  • Economic expansion

4
Education
  • West Minister School
  • Studied
  • Latin
  • Greek
  • Arabic
  • Hebrew
  • Received a scholarship to Christ Church, Oxford

5
Education contd
  • Oxford
  • Studied
  • Rhetoric
  • Grammar
  • Moral philosophy
  • Geometry
  • Greek
  • Studied mostly outside of school
  • Interested in science and medicine

6
Publications and Writing
  • 1690- Two Treatsies of Government
  • about social contract theory of govt
  • 1690- An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
  • on origins of human knowledge
  • 1693- Some Thoughts Concerning Education
  • Rewards and punishment motivation

7
Philosophy
  • Golden Rule
  • Liberalism
  • Natural rights
  • Government by consent of governed
  • Social contracts
  • Limited state
  • Private property
  • People property of of God all equal
  • No suicide
  • No murder
  • No maiming
  • Etc.

8
Philosophy
  • Slaves can only be an opposing aggressor in war
  • Slavery compact for obedience and limited power
    in return for extended life
  • State of war only possible when someone
    proposes to violate someone elses rights one
    innocent party and one unjust aggressor
  • Only way to be victorious kill or enslave
    aggressor

9
Political Theories
esp. regarding govt

The sole purpose of government is to keep justice
and protect the rights of the governed they only
have power by consent of the governed
  • Governed have a say in government
  • If the government is unjust people have right
    to rebel/overthrow
  • Secular

10
Lockes Influence
  • Declaration of Independence
  • all men are created equal
  • unalienable Rights, that among these are Life,
    Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness
  • governments derive their powers from the
    consent of the governed
  • Right of the People to abolish it, and to
    institute a new Government
  • it is their right, it is their duty, to
    throw off a corrupt government
  • Secular government
  • Capitalist democracy
  • Constitution

11
Works Cited
  • Cranston, Maurice W. "John Locke." ABC-CLIO.
    2009. Web. 8 Oct. 2009. lthttp//www.worldhistory.a
    bc-clio.com/Search/Display.aspx?categoryid22entr
    yid314923searchtextjohnlocketypesimpleoptio
    nallgt.
  • Kemberling, Garth. "John Locke." Philosophy
    Pages. Britannica, 27 Oct. 2001. Web. 8 Oct.
    2009. lthttp//www.philosophypages.comgt.
  • King, Peter J. "Life and Work." Philosophers.
    Peter J King, Aug. 1995. Web. 8 Oct. 2009.
    lthttp//users.ox.ac.uk/worc0337/authors/john.lock
    e.htmlgt.
  • "Locke, John." Encyclopædia Britannica.
    Encyclopædia Britannica 2009 Student and Home
    Edition. Chicago Encyclopædia Britannica, 2009.
  • Sheldon, Garret W. "John Locke." Facts on file.
    American History Online, 2001. Web. 8 Oct. 2009.
    ltwww.fofweb.comgt.
  • Uzgalis, Willam. "John Locke." Stanford
    Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2007. Web. 8 Oct.
    2009. lthttp//plato.stanford.edu/entries/locke/En
    dLocLif168gt.
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