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HARRIET TUBMAN Conductor of the Underground Railroad

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By the time of the Revolutionary War, 10% of the people in America were slaves. ... Harriet was one of 11 children. ... Harriet began work at age six ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HARRIET TUBMAN Conductor of the Underground Railroad


1
HARRIET TUBMANConductor of the Underground
Railroad
  • By
  • Donna Martin

2
UNIT The Underground Railroad GRADE LEVEL Si
xth LESSON Harriet Tubman
3
ObjectivesAfter completing this lesson, the
sixth grade students should be able to
  • Understand the existence of slavery in America
  • Understand the life and escape of Harriet Tubman
  • Understand Harriet Tubmans role in the
    Underground Railroad
  • Understand Harriet Tubmans role in the Civil War

4
Materials Needed
  • Various informational books on the life of
    Harriet Tubman
  • Map of the United States (1850s)
  • Various informational books on slavery
  • Poster paper
  • Pencils/Markers/Colored Pencils

5
Web Sites
  • The Underground Railroad www.nationalgeographic.co
    m/features/99/railroad/html
  • Harriet Tubman for Children www.2.lhric.org/pocati
    co/tubman/tubman.html
  • Harriet Tubman - New York History
  • http//www.nyhistory.com/harriettubman

6
Web Sites (continued)
  • Harriet Tubman Historical Society
  • http//www.nyhistory.com/harriettubman
  • Harriet Tubman The Chosen One
  • http//www.thechosenone.com/

7
Student Activities
  • Research the slave laws of the different states
    during the early to mid 1800s
  • Create a character profile of Harriet Tubman
  • Write letters to governor and legislators
    persuading them to have a Harriet Tubman Day

8
Student Activities (continued)
  • Map Harriet Tubmans route to freedom on a United
    States map
  • Map the different routes of the Underground
    Railroad on a United States map
  • Construct a time line of Harriet Tubmans life

9
Slavery in the United States
  • Slavery of African Americans in the United
    States began as early as 1500 when the first
    African Slaves were brought to the New World by
    the Spanish.

10
Slavery on the rise..
  • By the time of the Revolutionary War, 10 of
    the people in America were slaves.

11
Abolitionist Movement
  • Abolitionist Anyone who was against slavery
  • Abolitionists included many kinds of people
    whites and blacks, men and women, rich and poor,
    and religious and non religious.

12
Escape!
  • Ever since slaves were captured, they have always
    tried to escape.
  • The rise of the Abolitionist Movement made escape
    easier.

13
A Savior is Born
  • Harriet Tubman was born into slavery in 1821 in
    Dorchester County, Maryland
  • Harriet was one of 11 children. All of Harriets
    brothers and sisters, as well as their parents,
    were slaves on the Maryland Plantation

14
Harriets Early Years
  • Harriet began work at age six
  • Harriet was a poor housekeeper, so she was sent
    to work outside in the fields
  • At age seven, Harriet tried to escape. Harriet
    became tired and hungry and returned to the
    plantation shortly after her escape.

15
Time to Run
  • In 1844, Harriet made the decision to escape.
  • Harriets journey took her to the house of a
    trusted friend where she was given information
    about the next safe stop.

16
Free At Last!
  • By moving from safe house to safe house, Harriet
    made her way north to freedom.

17
Harriets Return to Maryland
  • By 1850, Harriet made plans to return to Maryland
    to help the rest of her family escape.
  • Harriet managed to lead the entire family to
    freedom, including her aging parents.

18
Harriet Turned Moses
  • Between 1850 and 1860, Harriet made over 19 trips
    to the South.
  • Through the Underground Railroad, Harriet freed
    over 300 slaves.
  • Harriet received the nickname of Moses since she
    led so many to freedom

19
Most Wanted
  • Angry slave owners posted rewards of up to
    40,000 for Harriets capture
  • Harriet was never captured.

20
Harriets Tricks
  • To avoid capture, Harriet used many tricks. She
    dressed as an old woman or a man
  • Harriet used songs as with secret codes to
    communicate
  • Harriet used the North Star to guide her

21
Railroad Expansion
  • Over time, several routes were developed to
    travel North to freedom.

22
A Nation Divided
  • By 1861, the issue of slavery divided the entire
    nation. The Civil War had begun

23
Harriet, the Spy
  • Harriet served in the army during the Civil War.
    She went on several rescue missions. Harriet
    even worked as a spy.

24
No More Slavery
  • In 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation was issued
    by President Lincoln.
  • Slavery was ended in the United States forever!

25
Harriets Later Years
  • After the war ended, Harriet continued to help
    people. Harriet fought for the rights of freed
    slaves and opened a home for the poor

26
Harriet Remembered
  • Harriet died in 1913. She was 93 years old.
  • Today, many tourists still visit her home still
    visit her home
  • in New York.
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