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ICT in Developing Countries - Latin America -

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Latin America experiences. Mostly programs started middle of 90's beginning of 00's ... Central America 2003 Task force launch IS program for that region. The model ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ICT in Developing Countries - Latin America -


1
ICT in Developing Countries - Latin America -
  • -The importance of e-gov-
  • Vanda Scartezini
  • ICANN Board Member
  • vanda_at_uol.com.br vanda_at_altis.org.br

2
The ideas..
  • Latin America ICT Overview
  • E-gov in LA
  • Understanding the results
  • What comes next?

3
LATIN AMERICA CARIBBEAN
  • ITC FACTS dec2005
  • POPULATION
  • 553,908,632 inh.
  • 8,3 world population
  • GNP
  • USD 2.141.785.400.000
  • 14, 3 World Internet Penetration
  • 7,8 World Internet Usage
  • Internet Average Growth
  • 2000-2005 337,4
  • Rest of world 174

Source - weforum
4
The World Economic forum ICT Readiness
  • ITC Nations Readiness
  • Capability of main agents of an economy
  • Citizens
  • Business
  • Governments
  • Combinations of factors as
  • Relevant individual skills
  • Access and affordability for individuals
    corporations
  • Government use for its own services processes.

Source - WEforum
5
key Index - Environment
- Measure the degree of conduciveness of
countrys ambience to promote ICT
  • Right policies to help expand ICT
  • Education computers, internet and content in
    schools
  • Training people to reach relevant individual
    skills
  • Public access to digital inclusion education
  • Public/ free internet centers
  • Affordability to tools services
  • Competitive environment to keep prices low.
  • Production, services maintenance
  • Legal framework that encourage ICT investments

6
Key item - Infrastructure
Availability quality of key access
infrastructure for ICT within a country
  • Telecommunication wired and wireless penetration
  • Wideband penetration
  • Internet providers around the country
  • Numbers of Hosts
  • IP addresses, use and availability
  • PC access / penetration
  • Power electricity access / penetration

7
READINESS 2005 - ITC - LAC Rank CHINA,
INDIA, RUSSIA
87º
100º
34º
31º
BEST
S WForum
8
Latin America Telecom penetrations X GNP /capita
9
Latin America M F Telecom Penetrations
MOBILE gtgt Fixed
Source ITU local operators
10
Latin America Internet Penetration USERS
84,9
47,3
35,7
26,4
22,7
20,8
Source internet world stats
11
Latin America Internet - Users Growth
8,233
HAITI
Source internet world stats
12
Latin America - IP distribution
Source LACNIC
13
E-gov in LA
14
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15
Challenges when starting E-gov in developing
countries
  • Governments capacity to do the evolution
  • Finances Human Resources
  • Political time
  • Peoples capacity to use that evolution
  • easy and free access
  • understanding
  • skill to deal with
  • trust

16
Latin America experiences
  • Mostly programs started middle of 90s beginning
    of 00s
  • The most developed countries launched Information
    Society Programs -Brazil Argentina, Mexico,
    Chile ,Uruguay
  • Central America 2003 Task force launch IS program
    for that region

17
The model
Based on Information Society Program
  • Announcement public promotion
  • Involvement of whole society - Document
  • Groups to evaluate Infrastructure and suggest
    Improvements
  • Public policies for widespread application of ICT
    and training the society
  • Computers Internet in Schools
  • Internet free in public centers
  • Academic networks
  • Computers in all government agencies

18
The model
  • Information available organization priority
  • Digital Production of as many online services as
    possible
  • Partnership with private companies
  • Interchange knowledge with other governments
  • Full interoperability as a main goal

19
Which are countries goals?
  • - Huge cost reduction - short pay back and
    continuous cost reduction
  • Improve competitiveness and productivity inside
    outside governments
  • Strong base for e-commerce development
  • Corruption reduction
  • Improve general knowledge among society
  • Cultural integration among communities

20
Understanding the results
21

BINPS Benefits on Investments in Public Sector
Government Procurement

State Benefits Supplier Benefits 2003 R 74
million
BINPS
4,774
Investment Depreciated in 5 years R 1.56 million
PayBack 2 days
Source e -strategia publica
22
BINPS Benefits on Investments in Public Sector
Vehicle Property Tax
Benefits for the State Benefits for Society R
570 millions Inicial Investment depreciated in
5 years annual maintenance R 315,000
180,852
BINPS
Payback 1,15 hours
Source e -strategia publica
23
Best Practices - e-Democracy Award - BRAZIL
-2005
SAO PAULO SAVINGS CLOCK
Civil Society Savings
Government Savings
www.relogiodaeconomia.sp.gov.br
24
Savings with a few e-gov innovations BRAZIL -
2004
TOTAL Savings R 57.5 billions 3.3 GNP
R 35 billions
VAT
R 17 billions
Procurement
R 2 billions
Vehicle Property Tax
R 3 billions
Printing reformulation
External Debt annual interest payment R 18 billion
Social Security for public servants R 38 billion
TOTAL R 56 billion
Personal Identification
R 150 millions
R 140 millions
Annual Vehicle license
R 55 millions
Income Tax
OpenSource Software
R 30 millions
Source e -strategia publica
25
Social Cost for people get identification ( by
year in 1996 )
R 15 millions
R 13 millions
R 8 millions
R 44 millions
R 270 thousand
R 8,5 millions
26
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27
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28
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29
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30
BINPS Benefits on Investments in Public Sector
Identification
Social Cost Reduction in 2003 R 71
millions investment Depreciated -5 years
annual current incremented cost R 21 millions
238
BINPS
Payback 77 days
Source e -strategia publica
31
2004
GNP US2.5 trillions
América Latina
Total Annual Government Expenditures US 350
billion
Total annual procurement expenditure US 97
billions
  • Cost reduction with e-procurement
  • US 25 billions
  • External Debt - Annual interest payment
  • US 17 billions

Source e -strategia publica
32
e gov promotes e commerce

Brazil B2B growing 37 /y - US 121 billions in
2005
33
LA - Resume
  • mostly countries with full information about
    government process to the public.
  • many have adopted ITCs in almost all internal
    processes ( ex e- procurement)
  • Few with real services to the community taxes
    payment, documents, health appointments, justice
    processes, children Vaccines Pregnancy tutoring
    etc

34
What comes next ?
35
Next in LA
  • Mobile government
  • Brazil - gt 80 millions active mobiles
  • gt 30 millions downloads ( infos) month
  • gt 900 millions of messages SMS/month
  • gt 2 millions downloads services/month
  • Interoperability among systems
  • Huge ASP services outsourcing
  • .?

Source numbers teletime2005
36
Thank you!
  • vanda_at_uol.com.br
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