National Academy of Science of Armenia Opportunities for Technological Innovations Prof. Radik Martirossian President of the NAS RA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

National Academy of Science of Armenia Opportunities for Technological Innovations Prof. Radik Martirossian President of the NAS RA

Description:

National Academy of Sciences of Armenia was established at the hardest ... plants, mostly Helianthus tuberoses and chicory, saccharides, sweeteners, bioethanol. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:31
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 43
Provided by: cyb8
Learn more at: http://www.stcu.int
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: National Academy of Science of Armenia Opportunities for Technological Innovations Prof. Radik Martirossian President of the NAS RA


1
National Academy of Science of Armenia
Opportunities for Technological
Innovations Prof. Radik Martirossian President
of the NAS RA
2
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF RA HISTORY AND
OVERVIEW
  • National Academy of Sciences of Armenia was
    established at the hardest time of the Second
    World War in 1943, as the supreme scientific
    institution of the Republic, integrating the
    efforts of the scientists in fundamental
    research, evolving and reviewing the rich
    spiritual legacy of the Armenian Nation, to
    provide scientific and practical resolution to
    the outstanding fundamental objectives facing
    the Nation and the Country in the economic,
    social and cultural domains as well as in
    national security and applied research.

3
STRUCTURE
  • More than 40 Institutes and scientific units
  • 3700 persons grouped into 5 sections
  • Mathematics, mechanics and IT
  • Physics and astrophysics
  • Natural sciences
  • Chemistry and earth sciences
  • Armenology and social sciences

4
ACADEMIC STAFF
  • 75 full members
  • 54 corresponding members
  • 35 overseas members
  • 330 doctors of sciences
  • 1019 candidates of sciences.

5
GOALS
  • Organizing basic research
  • Implementing operations in fundamental and
    applied sciences
  • Establishment of scientific schools
  • Contribution to the assets of the world science.

6
THE ROLE OF THE ACADEMY IN THE CURRENT CONTEXT
  • PROBLEMS FACED FOR THE LAST 15 YEARS
  • economic blockade
  • brain drain
  • collapse of scientific links
  • severe streamlining of the research staff
  • critical under-funding
  • Main focus - retaining the minimal
    infrastructure for scientific research
    capabilities.
  • .

7
RECENT ACTIVITIES AND ACHIEVMENTS
  • International cooperation with many scientific
    centers worldwide
  • Outlining the legislative domain for research
  • Establishment of academic computer network
  • Enabling preservation of scientific resources

8
RECENT ACTIVITIES AND ACHIEVMENTS (2)
  • Generation of research projects aimed at
    developing economy under market conditions
  • Publications
  • International grants
  • Contracted operations

9
Publications, Grants Contracts 2003 - 2006
Years International Publications Number of Grants Grants Total sum in USD Contracted Operations Total sum in USD
2003 15 books 766 articles 18 2 311 251 1 000 000
2004 12 books 798 articles 17 1 889 350 1 200 000
2005 15 books 823 articles 16 2 627 849 377 595
2006 15 books 755 articles 15 1 460 041 500 000
TOTAL 57 books 3142 articles 66 8 288 491 3 077 595
10
INTERNATIONAL GRANTS DYNAMICS 2003-2006 BY
INSTITUTIONS
11
SCIENCE FUNDING IN SOME TRANSITION COUNTRIES
12
BUSINESS SECTOR FUNDING
13
NUMBER OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE WORLD 8 MOST
POPULAR JOURNALS IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICS IN
2000-2006
14
Science and Technology as a Driver in the
Economic Development Strategy of Armenia
  • Key actions for transformation of Science Policy
    of Armenia
  • To step up investments into science,
    technologies, engineering, and innovations as
    prime mover of countrys economic development
  • Closer integration of science and education
  • Promoting commercialization of research results
  • Boosting the efficiency of scientific and
    research establishments
  • Increasing involvement of younger specialists in
    research efforts
  • Updating the list of priority directions in
    science and technology

15
Science and Technology as a Driver in the
Economic Development Strategy of Armenia (2)
  • National Academy of Sciences of Armenia realizes
    some approaches in the framework of new science
    policy
  • Establishment of new scientific and international
    research and development centers via unification
    of institutions
  • Preparation of the program for upgrading
    existing infrastructure and developing new
    facilities to support research
  • Increasing the participation of NAS RA in
    international ST cooperation
  • Preparation of a proposal on the opportunities
    for innovation based on the investigations and
    research outcomes of Academy researchers

16
OUTLINE OF PRIORITY TRENDS FOR DEVELOPMENT
  • Armenology
  • Information and Advanced Technologies
  • Terrestrial and space research
  • New energy sources
  • Sustainable development with biological and
    ecological perspectives
  • Major fundamental research to support the
    development of applied research

17
PROPOSALS OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
IN THE FOLLOWING DOMAINS
  • New materials
  • Leading-edge technologies
  • Information Technology
  • Life sciences
  • Humanities

18
  • NEW MATERIALS

19
INSTITUTE OF RADIOPHYSICS AND ELECTRONICS
  • New Materials For Thermal / Electric Cooling
  • The new materials on basis of layered oxides for
    thermoelectric devices are proposed, providing
    higher efficiency than the existing ones. A
    composition is disclosed (US Patent 6459031)
    having the formula (RBa2Cu3O7-d)x
    (PrBa2Cu3O7-d)1-x wherein R comprises Y, Ce,
    Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb,
    and/or Lu 0ltx1 and d is such that the
    RBa2Cu3O7-d component of the composition is in a
    metallic or transitional phase. The technology
    and thermoelectric properties of these materials
    are presented.

20
DIELECTRIC WAVEGUIDE STRUCTURES WITH
SURFACE -CONTROL IMPEDANCE
  • In the Ka frequency band the institute has
    manufactured and tested dielectric guide
    structures coated by thin metal and
    light-sensitive film. Such impedance films
    provide a number of passive and active elements
    in millimeter waveband. AIIBIV class
    semiconductor, namely CdS, was used as the
    light-sensitive coating. When exposed to light,
    these compounds reduce their resistance, becoming
    almost metals, as a result of which surface
    impedance originates. Its value may be thus
    controlled by illuminating smaller or larger part
    of the total CdS area. The institute has also
    analyzed the response time of surface impedance.

21
INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGICAL SCEINCES INSTITUTE OF
EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
  • The new methods of improving the durability of
    underground, hydrotechnical constructions
    exploited in aggresssive conditions
  • This new method of extending the operational
    life of hydromechanical structures to be used in
    aggressive media. To secure the sulphate
    stability of concrete, a study was made of
    concretes on the basis of volcanic rock
    aggregates. The results obtained show that the
    operational life of concrete can be predicted by
    taking account the hydraulic activity of the
    aggregates.

The gypsum crystals in the samples on guards sand
after 12 months in solutions (electron
microscopy)
22
INSTITUTE OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
  • New Anticorrosive Enamel with Complex Unique
    Properties
  • The anticorrosive enamel with the following
    qualities has been elaborated
  • The coatings on the basis of the Enamel protect
    the metal in the acid, alkaline and salt
    solutions, in oil-products and others
  • The Enamel usage is possible at negative air
    temperatures (about 20 degrees below zero)
  • It is permissible to coat by the Enamel damp
    metallic surfaces, old paint, as well as rusted
    metal (up to 100 mkm of rust thickness), wood,
    concrete surfaces etc.
  • Hardening (polymerization) of the coating may
    take place at air negative temperature, at high
    humidity and also under water.
  • The enamel and coatings on its basis have
    been successfully tested on the specialized
    organizations of Armenia, Russia, Italy, Bulgaria
    and others.
  • The enamel has been patented.

23
State-of-the-art Technologies
24
MICROBIOLOGY AND MICROORGANISM DEPOSITORY CENTER
OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Organization in Armenia the production of
    saccharides, sweeteners, bioethanol and feed from
    inulin containing plants
  • The center proposes the establishment of fodder
    production in Armenia from inulin-containing
    plants, mostly Helianthus tuberoses and
    chicory, saccharides, sweeteners,
    bioethanol. It is envisaged to implement a
    complex non-waste technology involving inulins
    microbial enzyme hydrolysis for producing
    fructose and fructose-glucose syrup, with the
    processing waste of raw ethanol for methane
    fermentation.

25
Periodically polled lithium niobate crystals
A new technique for creation of periodically
polled domain structure in lithium niobate (PPLN)
crystals directly during the growth process was
developed by the group of Dr.E.Kokanyan at the
IPR NASA. The mentioned method was successfully
used for the growth of pure as well as doped with
various transitional metal and rare-earth
impurity ions PPLN crystals. The controlled
formation of 4-50?m wide domains along the a-axis
of the crystals in lengths of 20mm without
interruptions or modulations in domain size and
with more than 3mm of the domain inversion depth
was possible.
Scanning election microscope (SEM) micrograph of
an etched surface of as-grown hafnium doped
lithium niobate crystal.
  • E.Kokanyan, V.Babajanyan, G.Demirkhanyan,
    J.Gruber, S.Erdei. J. of Appl. Phys., 92, 1544
    (2002).
  • E.P.Kokanyan, L.Razzari, I.Cristiani, V.Degiorgio
    and J.B.Gruber. Appl. Phys. Lett., 84, 1880
    (2004)

26
(No Transcript)
27
Improvement of PPLN creation methods(2)
  • The expected results are
  • - Reduction of a room temperature poling voltage
    for congruent LiNbO3 from 21 kV/mm to 5-6 kV/mm
  • - Reduction of leakage current during the poling
    of Mg-doped LiNbO3 by 2-3 orders
  • - Elimination of conventional photolithographic
    electrode deposition for PPLN creation
  • Removal of lattice period limitation caused by
    conventional photolithography.

28
INSTITUTE OF RADIOPHYSICS AND ELECTRONICS
  • Microwave Resonance Therapy Devices
  • The proposed laser system includes
  • a range finder and a dual-axis rotary
    platform with shaft angle encoders. The
    sensors and platforms had been developed and
    manufactured by IRPhE and SDC for the MIR
    orbital station, and showed high reliability
    throughout the 1996 2001 operation.
  • The Institute has developed a number of
    therapeutic devices to be used mostly on the
    biologically active zones of the human body, or
    on the acupuncturing points affected by the
    weak microwave radiation. In contrast to popular
    imitations the proposed microwave resonance
    therapy device has a broad frequency specter
    yielding a powerful healing effect on the
    resonance frequency of the human body. The device
    is registered in several European countries and
    is in high demand.

29
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
30
INSTITUTE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND
AUTOMATION PROBLEMS
  • Deployment of Scientific-Educational Grid
    Infrastructure in Armenia
  • Grid infrastructures are one of the key enablers
    for scientific research and for development of
    Information Society. Enabling large-scale
    innovative research to be conducted through
    collaboration of distributed teams of scientist
    across the Armenian Research-Educational
    organizations and Western partners. It is fact
    that computational Grids consists of various
    computational layers. The computational resources
    can be integrated within the organization-institut
    ion, country, region, and worldwide. In this
    paper it is given the overview of Grid activities
    in Armenia in context of science and education

31
In the first stage, in 2004 the first high
Performance computing cluster in the South
Caucasus region had been developed (funded by
Project ISTC A-823), which consisted of 128 Xeon
3.06GHz (64 nodes) processors. The nodes of the
cluster are interconnected by Myrinet High
bandwidth and Gigabit networks. The Myinet
network is used for computation and Gigabit for
task distribution and management. The cluster
achieved 523.4GFlops performance by HPL (High
Performance Linpack) test.
fig. 1 Armcluster
32
It is planned to expand the current
infrastructure, in order to serve the existing
and new user communities, by utilizing the model
of the 2 layered infrastructures where the mature
sites will be moved to real infrastructure while
the fresh sites from new institutes and user
communities will be incubated within the
experimental Grid infrastructure.
fig. 2 The Structure of Scientific-Educational
Grid Infrastructure
Further work Further it is planned to integrate
Armenian computational resources into
international Grids, such as LHC (Large Hadron
Collider), SEE-Grid (South East European Grid),
Grid5000 (French National Experimental Grid)
grids, as well as create joint resource operating
centre.
33
LIFE SCIENCES
34
INSTITUTE OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • Zetapol, a highly efficient antiviral and
    antibacterial remedy
  • Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is widely spread
    throughout the world. Though some countries are
    FMD-free the high rate of disease progression
    cause a serious problem for the international
    community. The Institute has developed a highly
    efficient remedy possessing powerful antiviral
    and antibacterial effects, named Zetapol.
    Zetapol is a native physiologically active
    compound based on calcium salt of ds-RNA. Study
    showed that Zetapol is effective in treatment of
    many infectious diseases of agricultural animals,
    including FMD. Zetapol is non-toxic and has no
    side effects. The product is protected by IPR
    1367197, 15.09.1987.

35
ARCHAEOLOGY
36
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography
  • The protection of the monuments, their
    internationalization and development of tourism,
    which will contribute to investigation of
    historical and cultural heritage of Armenia are
    most important and urgent tasks for the
    Institute. Owing to international collaboration,
    Armenian archaeology got a unique possibility to
    use the modern laboratories in Europe and
    America, especially in the sphere of definition
    of chronological questions and investigations of
    special materials.

37
Aratashen. A settlement of Neolithic-Eneolithic
stage. The Radiocarbon analyses have shown, that
the lowest level of the site is presented by the
earliest settlement of Transcaucasus, which dates
to the first half of the 6th millenium BC.
38
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography (2)
  • In particular, within last years, more than 200
    Radiocarbon analyses have been made, due to which
    the chronological scale of archaeological
    cultures of the region from the 7/6th until the
    end of the 1st millennium BC have been
    successfully reconstructed
  • In the sphere of archaeometry special
    investigations of metal and obsidian artifacts
    have been made from the 6th to the 2nd millennia
    BC. Within 1989-2006, more than 1500 analyses of
    obsidian samples have been done using the methods
    of Neutron activation, Inductively Coupled
    Plasma, Mass Spectrometry, X-Ray fluorescence,
    Fission-track dating.
  • Creation of corresponding laboratories within the
    structures of the Institute of Archaeology and
    Ethnography will turn Armenia into a leading and
    important centre of archaeological investigations
    in the region.

39
ACADEMIC INNOVATION CENTER
  • The Academy plans establishing Academic Business
    Information Center to
  • Develop scientific and technological
    communication between Armenia and foreign
    countries
  • Promote scientific mobility of scientists
  • Stimulate the informational and investment
    activities

40
ACADEMIC INNOVATION CENTER (2)
  • WIDER OBJECTIVES
  • Providing conditions for raising the quality and
    competitive power of the Armenian scientific and
    technical products and services
  • Organizing the analytical databases for
    information exchange on business incubators and
    technology transfers
  • Developing special infrastructures for transfer
    of knowledge within NAS RA.
  • Developing strategic investment projects and
    programs with joint application of national and
    private funding.

41
CONCLUSION
  • Obviously, certain priorities require urgent
    solutions, for instance
  • improving access of Academic Institutes to
    capital market, including venture capital market
  • stimulating increased expenditures for
    scientific-technical and experimental operations
    from private companies.
  • Hope this representative event will encourage
    the steps in this direction

42
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
About PowerShow.com