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The renewable energy Directive

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... renewable energy Directive. by Claude Turmes, MEP. Vice-President of EUFORES. Rapporteur of the RES-Directive. 9th Inter ... The Renewables Directive ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The renewable energy Directive


1
The renewable energy Directive
  • by Claude Turmes, MEP
  • Vice-President of EUFORES
  • Rapporteur of the RES-Directive

9th Inter-Parliamentary Meeting on Renewable
Energy and Energy Efficiency 18th November
2009 Parliament of Belgium
2
As if we had 4 planets

3
On the way to a 100 renewables energy century
250
EJ/y
200
Geothermal heat
Solar heating
Biomass energy crops
150
Biomass residues
Geothermal (el)
Ocean (el)
100
Wind (el)
Hydro (el)
Solar PV (el)
Solar CSP (el)
50
0
RES potentials
gross primary energy consumption EU-25 in 2005
Source Ecofys, DLR
4
Drivers of the success story 1. Technological
innovation
5
Drivers of the success story 2. Organisational
innovation
  • Future policies must focus on
  • decentralised energy in buildings maximising
    efficiency through integration of decentralised
    renewable energies into buildings
  • local and regional production - taking advantage
    of the most locally suitable energy technologies
    (e.g. solar, CHP, hydro, wind)
  • key macro-level energy projects of European
    interest off-shore wind hubs (e.g. North Sea
    and Baltic), CSP solar thermal hubs (e.g.
    Desertec), biomass and CHP (combined heat and
    power installations), renovation of large
    existing hydro-electric installations
  • Delivering these projects will require the
    necessary infrastructural investments e.g.
    super/smart-grid for electricity, including
    offshore

6
Drivers of the success story3. positive impact
on pricing
Source Bode Groscurth (2006) The effect of
the German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) on "the
electricity price", HWWA discussion paper 358
7
Drivers of the success story4. positive impact
on jobs
Source working for the climate renewable
energy the green job revolution EREC
Greenpeace, September 2009
8
The Renewables Directive
  • Mandatory EU (overall renewables in transport)
    and mandatory national targets (in electricity,
    HC, fuels)
  • National Support mecanisms (feed-in, bonus,
    others) and National Renewable Energy Action
    Plans
  • Flexibility mecanism involving Member States and
    (more limited) Third countries
  • Reduction of administrative and regulatory
    barriers, training better access to grid and
    priority dispatch for renewables, etc
  • Sustainability regime for biofuels biomass

9
Next steps on renewables
  • Consistant national action plans
  • Good local and regional dynamics (covenant of
    majors 100 renewable energies regions)
  • Go ahead with off-shore wind (now)
  • Grid integration (at local and at cross-national
    level)
  • Solar concentrated deployment in South (mid term)

10
Open questions on renewables
  • How much need for new grid building and what type
    of new grids (AC-DC)
  • Baseload power is going to become an
    anachronism (Mr. Wellinghoff new chairman US
    Federal Energy Regulatory Commission)
  • A new challenge for balancing (storage plants),
    grid management and smart metering (IT in grids)
  • What role for electro-mobility? (where to charge
    at home or centralised?)

11
(No Transcript)
12
EU Energy Mix 2020 / 2030
EU- 27 Mtoe 2005 baseline oil price 100/bl EU Scenario 2020 Consistent with 20-20-20 targets as decided 2008 EU Scenario 2030
Primary Energy Demand 1705 1903 1474 (-20) 1250
Oil 666 648 500 (-25) 300-350
Gas 445 443 445 (stable) 450-500
Renewables 123 221 274 (20) 450-500
Solids 320 340 160 (-53) 50-100
Nuclear 257 249 120 (-52) 50-100
13
EU Energy Mix 2020 / 2030
EU- 27 Mtoe EU Scenario 2030 explanations
Primary Energy Demand 1250 energy efficiency pathway to achieve 2005-2020 efficiency target continued until 2030
Oil 300-350 oil out of the heating sector and quick penetration of electric cars - uncertainty about volume of oil replaced by biofuel share for shipping and aviation
Gas 450-500 gas reduced in building sector, stable in industry use and raise in power sector- uncertainty concerning CHP gas use
Renewables 450-500 450 Mtoe is pathway to achieve 2005-2020 20 renewable target continued until 2030 - uncertainty on real potential of biofuel for aviation and shipping (see also oil)
Solids 50-100 coal nuclear 50 - 100 Mtoe is share left if 20 efficiency and 20 renewable pathway is continued until 2030 
Nuclear 50-100 coal nuclear 50 - 100 Mtoe is share left if 20 efficiency and 20 renewable pathway is continued until 2030 
14
Join us in EUFORES
  • http//www.eufores.org/
  • claude.turmes_at_europarl.europa.eu
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