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The renewable energy Directive


... renewable energy Directive. by Claude Turmes, MEP. Vice-President of EUFORES. Rapporteur of the RES-Directive. 9th Inter ... The Renewables Directive ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The renewable energy Directive

The renewable energy Directive
  • by Claude Turmes, MEP
  • Vice-President of EUFORES
  • Rapporteur of the RES-Directive

9th Inter-Parliamentary Meeting on Renewable
Energy and Energy Efficiency 18th November
2009 Parliament of Belgium
As if we had 4 planets

On the way to a 100 renewables energy century
Geothermal heat
Solar heating
Biomass energy crops
Biomass residues
Geothermal (el)
Ocean (el)
Wind (el)
Hydro (el)
Solar PV (el)
Solar CSP (el)
RES potentials
gross primary energy consumption EU-25 in 2005
Source Ecofys, DLR
Drivers of the success story 1. Technological
Drivers of the success story 2. Organisational
  • Future policies must focus on
  • decentralised energy in buildings maximising
    efficiency through integration of decentralised
    renewable energies into buildings
  • local and regional production - taking advantage
    of the most locally suitable energy technologies
    (e.g. solar, CHP, hydro, wind)
  • key macro-level energy projects of European
    interest off-shore wind hubs (e.g. North Sea
    and Baltic), CSP solar thermal hubs (e.g.
    Desertec), biomass and CHP (combined heat and
    power installations), renovation of large
    existing hydro-electric installations
  • Delivering these projects will require the
    necessary infrastructural investments e.g.
    super/smart-grid for electricity, including

Drivers of the success story3. positive impact
on pricing
Source Bode Groscurth (2006) The effect of
the German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) on "the
electricity price", HWWA discussion paper 358
Drivers of the success story4. positive impact
on jobs
Source working for the climate renewable
energy the green job revolution EREC
Greenpeace, September 2009
The Renewables Directive
  • Mandatory EU (overall renewables in transport)
    and mandatory national targets (in electricity,
    HC, fuels)
  • National Support mecanisms (feed-in, bonus,
    others) and National Renewable Energy Action
  • Flexibility mecanism involving Member States and
    (more limited) Third countries
  • Reduction of administrative and regulatory
    barriers, training better access to grid and
    priority dispatch for renewables, etc
  • Sustainability regime for biofuels biomass

Next steps on renewables
  • Consistant national action plans
  • Good local and regional dynamics (covenant of
    majors 100 renewable energies regions)
  • Go ahead with off-shore wind (now)
  • Grid integration (at local and at cross-national
  • Solar concentrated deployment in South (mid term)

Open questions on renewables
  • How much need for new grid building and what type
    of new grids (AC-DC)
  • Baseload power is going to become an
    anachronism (Mr. Wellinghoff new chairman US
    Federal Energy Regulatory Commission)
  • A new challenge for balancing (storage plants),
    grid management and smart metering (IT in grids)
  • What role for electro-mobility? (where to charge
    at home or centralised?)

(No Transcript)
EU Energy Mix 2020 / 2030
EU- 27 Mtoe 2005 baseline oil price 100/bl EU Scenario 2020 Consistent with 20-20-20 targets as decided 2008 EU Scenario 2030
Primary Energy Demand 1705 1903 1474 (-20) 1250
Oil 666 648 500 (-25) 300-350
Gas 445 443 445 (stable) 450-500
Renewables 123 221 274 (20) 450-500
Solids 320 340 160 (-53) 50-100
Nuclear 257 249 120 (-52) 50-100
EU Energy Mix 2020 / 2030
EU- 27 Mtoe EU Scenario 2030 explanations
Primary Energy Demand 1250 energy efficiency pathway to achieve 2005-2020 efficiency target continued until 2030
Oil 300-350 oil out of the heating sector and quick penetration of electric cars - uncertainty about volume of oil replaced by biofuel share for shipping and aviation
Gas 450-500 gas reduced in building sector, stable in industry use and raise in power sector- uncertainty concerning CHP gas use
Renewables 450-500 450 Mtoe is pathway to achieve 2005-2020 20 renewable target continued until 2030 - uncertainty on real potential of biofuel for aviation and shipping (see also oil)
Solids 50-100 coal nuclear 50 - 100 Mtoe is share left if 20 efficiency and 20 renewable pathway is continued until 2030 
Nuclear 50-100 coal nuclear 50 - 100 Mtoe is share left if 20 efficiency and 20 renewable pathway is continued until 2030 
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