Elements of a Short Story - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Elements of a Short Story PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 219d90-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Elements of a Short Story

Description:

Prose: Written in full sentences, paragraph style with everyday ... Incidents/Epics. Middle Ages. Knights. Fables. 1800's. Short Stories. Edgar Allen Poe ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:39
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: EHS101
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Elements of a Short Story


1
Elements of a Short Story
  • Genre- A type or category (of literature, film,
    etc.) Examples novel, musical, drama.

2
Definition of Short Story
  • A brief fictional narrative, written in prose.
  • Fictional Untrue
  • Narrative A Story
  • Prose Written in full sentences, paragraph
    style with everyday language (as opposed to
    poetry)

3
History of the Short Story
  • 1. The origin of man-oral tradition

4
Bible- parables stories with morals/lessons
5
Allegory
  • work in which the characters and events are to be
    understood as representing other things and
    symbolically expressing a deeper, often
    spiritual, moral, or political meaning

6
Greek/Roman Period Incidents/Epics
7
Middle Ages
Knights Fables
8
  • 1800s
  • Short Stories

Edgar Allen Poe
Washington Irving
9
Recipe for a Short Story
  • There are 5 main ingredients in a Short Story
  • Add 1 Lg. helping of the most important
    ingredient, CHARACTER
  • Now fold SETTING into the batter and stir
  • Add PLOT and mix well
  • Whip in POINT OF VIEW and
  • Finally stir in THEME

ENJOY!
10
Plot
The series of events (action) that takes place in
a story.
11
PLOT / CONFLICT
  • The arrangement of ideas and or incidents which
    lead, by cause and effect, from the opening of
    the story to the climax is called the PLOT.
  •  
  • Plot is most often about a conflict or struggle
    that the main character goes through. The
    conflict can be with another character, or with
    the way things are, or with something inside the
    character, like needs or feelings.

Plot Outline Scientists clone dinosaurs to
populate a theme park which suffers a major
security breakdown and releases the dinosaurs
http//www.rscc.cc.tn.us/owlwritingcenter/OWL/Ele
mentsLit.htm
http//movieweb.com/movie/alltime.htmll
12
PLOT / CONFLICT
  • Narrative tradition calls for developing stories
    with particular piecesplot elementsin place.
  • Exposition is the information needed to
    understand a story.
  • Narrative Hook catches the readers attention and
    makes the reader want to keep reading
  • Rising Action the series of conflicts and crisis
    in the story that lead to the climax
  • Climax is the turning point in the story that
    occurs when characters try to resolve the
    complication.
  • Falling Action all of the action which follows
    the climax
  • Resolution is the set of events that bring the
    story to a close.

http//www.rscc.cc.tn.us/owlwritingcenter/OWL/Ele
mentsLit.html http//www.learner.org/cgi-bin/htsea
rch?wordsshortstoryconfigcomplete
13
Plot Diagram
Narrative Hook
Climax
Exposition
Resolution
Rising Action
Falling Action
14
Theme
  • The authors purpose for
  • writing the story--the
  • message that the reader
  • receives.

15
THEME
  • The theme is the main idea of the story, often a
    moral or lesson.
  • Theme also may reflect the authors general
    comment on the world in which we live.
  • The theme is the message of the story. The theme
    is not the same thing as the plot, which is
    usually used by the writer to illustrate the
    theme.
  • Example
  • Theme A good man will help anyone who needs
    help, regardless of whether that person is an
    enemy.
  • Plot A certain man was traveling from Jerusalem
    to Jericho when he fell among thieves

http//www.trinity.edu/departments/education/SACK/
Short20Stories20Outline.htm http//www.yale.edu/
ynhti/curriculum/units/1983/3/83.03.09.x.htmlg
16
THEME
  • In American literature, several themes are
    evident which reflect and define our society.
  • The dominant ones might be
  • innocence/experience, life/death,
  • madness/sanity, love/hate,
  • society/individual, known/unknown.
  • Disney's 1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs had
    themes about the virtues of hard work,
    solidarity, cheerfulness, and industriousness.
    What would this have meant to a Depression-era
    audience?

http//www.rscc.cc.tn.us/owlwritingcenter/OWL/Ele
mentsLit.html http//course1.winona.msus.edu/pjohn
son/h140/snow_white.htm
17
SETTING
  • The Setting is time and location in which the
    story takes place. Setting helps you understand
    the characters.
  • Location, location, location!
  • Whether its a physical locale that is exotic,
    or a turbulent historical period, making unique
    and intriguing choices automatically transforms
    any story.

http//www.trellis.net/users/gstarcher/titanmus.ht
m http//www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary http//w
ww.thewindjammer.com/smfs/newsletter/html/sameold.
html
18
SETTING
  • Every story would be another story, and
    unrecognizable if it took up its characters and
    plot and happened somewhere else
  • Author
    Eudora Welty

http//movieweb.com/movie/alltime.html
http//www.learner.org/cgi-bin/htsearch?words
shortstoryconfigcomplete
19
Mood
Mood
Mood
For example peaceful, threatening, scary
20
CHARACTER
  • The most important element of a short story is
    Character the people the story is about.
  • The main character of a story is called the
    Protagonist. S/he may be good or bad, or a
    combination of the two, but the action revolves
    around her/him.
  • protagonist a the principal character
    in a literary work (as a drama or story) b a
    leading actor, character, or participant in a
    literary work or real event

Elements of a Short Story -J.Weston Walch,
Publisher http//www.apple.com/trailers/columbia/s
piderman/ http//www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary
21
CHARACTER
  • Remember the main character is the
    protagonist--the major person.
  • An antagonist is any character, feeling, or
    situation which acts against the protagonist in
    any way.
  • antagonist - one that contends with or
    opposes another adversary, opponent

http//www.gobuyersnet.com/spiderc.html http//www
.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary http//www.tsufl.edu/p
jmoran/eng1102/1102w1.htm
22
CHARACTER
  • Short stories are often populated with characters
    other than the protagonist or antagonist.
  • Minor character--often provides support and
    illuminates the protagonist, sometimes called the
    foil.
  • Static character--A character who remains
    fundamentally the same.
  • Dynamic character--A character who changes in
    some important way.
  • Characters who are not developed in the story are
    called flat characters.
  • Characters who are shown in many lights are
    called round characters.

23
Characters
  • We learn about a character through
  • DADI
  • Description of the character
  • Actions of the character
  • Dialogue of the character
  • Interaction with other characters
  • .

24
POINT OF VIEW
  • Point of View - pertains to who tells the story
    and the relationship of the narrator to the
    characters in the story.
  • The action in a short story can be seen through-
  • 1) third person omniscient point of view the
    narrator knows all the thoughts, motives and
    feelings of each character
  • 2) limited third person the narrator can
    describe the characters and what they do and say
    but not their thoughts and feelings.
  • 3) first person the main character tells his own
    story and refers to himself as I.

My Mama said life is like a box of chocolate
http//www.trinity.edu/departments/education/SACK/
Short20Stories20Outline.htm
25
Literary Terms
26
Imagery
  • Use of words that appeal to the senses
  • Smell---the rancid odor of decaying flesh
  • Sight---the brilliant colors of the twilight sky
  • Taste---the flavor was that of dirty mud covered
    in moss
  • Example
  • The wind had blown off, leaving a loud bright
    night with wings beating in the trees and a
    persistent organ sound as the full bellows of the
    earth blew the frogs full of life. F. Scott
    Fitzgerald

27
Symbolism
  • Author uses something that represents more than
    what it is.
  • Something stands for something else
  • IE The flag represents freedom, liberty, etc.

28
Flashback
  • Tell something that happened earlier

29
Conflict
  • Problem to be solved
  • Five types

30
Person vs. self
Person vs. Person
31
Person vs. Nature
Person vs. Society
32
Person vs. Higher Power
33
Complications
  • Events that stand in the way of the conflict
    being resolved.

34
Irony
  • When the opposite happens from what you think
    would happen

35
Word Choice
  • Vocabulary
  • Sentence Structure
  • Use of special devices
  • (foreshadowing, flashback,
  • personification)

36
Authors Style
  • Use of irony (one thing is
  • expected, but another thing
  • happens.)

37
Authors Style
current
past
Charles Dickens
Steven King
Langston Hughes
John Grisham
Willam Shakespeare
About PowerShow.com