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Title: Prof.%20Waclaw%20Gudowski,%20Deputy%20Executive%20Director


1
ISTC Partner ProgramGateway to collaboration
with Russia/CIS.Minimizing the risks of failure
  • Prof. Waclaw Gudowski, Deputy Executive Director
  • With assistance of Jose Pradas-Poveda, SPM
  • Thematic Conference on Bio-, Nano- and Space
    Technologies,
  • EU Science Centers Collaboration
  • Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 10-12 March 2008

2
Outline and structure
  • Objectives and description
  • ISTC mode of operation
  • Achievements
  • ISTC partners Some figures
  • Features of ISTC Partner program
  • Bio-, Nano- and Space technologies
  • Conclusions

3
Historical Background
  • Russia inherited legacy of Soviet scientific
    system
  • Extremely large, state-managed enterprises
  • By 1980s, over 97 of support for science came
    from state budget
  • Focus on military-industrial complex
  • Over three-quarters of Soviet RD complex was
    related to defense
  • 83 of research was directly defense related
    funded
  • Soviet collapse in 1991 meant science was no
    longer a budget priority
  • Change of ideology and difficult fiscal
    situation meant science was perceived as a budget
    luxury
  • (State budget collapses first at crisis time)
  • 3

4
The ISTC, Members. MissionNon-Proliferation
Through Science Cooperation
  • The ISTC is an Intergovernmental Organization
    with diplomatic status founded by the European
    Union, Sweden, Norway, Republic of Korea, the
    United States of America, Japan and Russian
    Federation in November 1992 operations began in
    March 1994.In 2004 Canada joined to ISTC as the
    Funding Party
  • In 2008 Switzerland joins ISTC
  • Headquarters in Moscow with Offices in Armenia,
    Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic,
    and Tajikistan

4
5
ISTC objectives Nonproliferation through science
cooperation
  • Provide weapons experts in the CIS the
    opportunity to redirect their talents to peaceful
    activities
  • Contribute to solution of national and
    international science and technology problems
  • Reinforce the transition to market economies
  • Support basic and applied research
  • Integrate CIS scientists into global scientific
    community

6
ISTC Core Programs and Services
  • Regular Project Program
  • Partner Project Program
  • Sustainability Program
  • Commercialization Support Program
  • Patenting Program
  • Competence Building Program
  • Workshops and Scientific Seminars
  • Travel Grants
  • Communication Support Program
  • Partner Promotion Program

6
7
Operational Components of ISTC
Statutory entities
8
Core operation of ISTC. Regular Projects
Research Teams
Project Execution
Project Application.
Results
Host Government Concurrence
Export Control
ISTC Secretariat
ISTC Secretariat Project Management
Foreign Collaborators Exploitation of Results
Scientific Advisory Committee
Ratings
Governing Board Funding Approval
9
ISTC Accomplishments of 14 Years of Operation
Non PROLIFERATION Almost 70,000
scientists engaged in RF and other CIS
922 institutes - 2579 projects funded USD
787M UNIQUE 37 Nations engaged in
cooperative technology development, and
growing efforts of working toward
nonproliferation and greater world
security. RESPECTED Reliability and Services
Intergovernmental organization with status
of diplomatic mission CLEAN Legal,
audited transparent mechanism
9
10
Has ISTC done its job well?
11
Has ISTC done its job well?
  • Provide weapons experts in the CIS the
    opportunity to redirect their talents to peaceful
    activities - ? ? ? ?
  • Contribute to solution of national and
    international science and technology problems - ?
    ? ?
  • Reinforce the transition to market economies - ?
    ?
  • Support basic and applied research - ? ? ?
  • Integrate CIS scientists into global scientific
    community ? ? ? ?

12
A measure of nonproliferation efficiency of ISTC
Number of disclosed/reported PROLIFERATION CASES
ORIGINATED FROM RUSSIA AND CIS DURING 1994-2007
0 Very few suspicious cases were publicised
in media but not officially confirmed
13
ISTC development phases and proliferation risk
perception
Hands off weapon Support for a decent survival of
experts. Mainly paper work and review studies
New class of young, skilled project managers
emerged. More technical oriented projects
Reconstruction of governmental control and
management structures in WMD facilities. Staff
reduced by 50
Maturity period. From Assistance to COOPERATION
mode of operation
1994
1998
2002
2008
Proliferation risks from Russia (not CIS)
Russian economy in continuous growth. Increasing
political stability
14
ISTC main achievements
  • INTELLECTUAL nonproliferation objective fully
    ACHIEVED!!
  • Sizeable support for regaining Russian capability
    to ensure security and physical protection in
    area of WMD
  • We supported well RF in prepartion for Export
    Control mechanisms
  • Drastic reduction of nonproliferation threats in
    1990s and 2000s
  • Built up of a civil oriented community inside the
    WMD structure with a high intellectual potential
    and Creation of basic foundation of civil and
    democratic consciousness in otherwise closed and
    not easily reachable community of WMD. In that
    way foundations for the BIGGEST REDIRECTION
    EFFORT IN RF have been created
  • Separation of DEFENSE and CIVIL nuclear sector
    creation of AtomEnergoProm

15
ISTC Achievements
  • A gradual integration of WMD scientists with a
    community of civil science
  • Efficient integration of Russian and CIS WMD
    community into world scientific community of
    civil research, Transparency in ISTC activities
    contributed significantly to reduction of the
    threat perception
  • Creation of links and collaborative projects
    between weapon laboratories and civil Russian/CIS
    institutes. Without ISTC funding there would be
    neither stimulation nor driving forces for this
    internal openness and more transparency between
    those two different scientific communities in
    Russia. A very important contribution to a
    sustainable redirection
  • ISTC has considerably contributed to minimization
    of consequences of impoverishment of Russian
    intellectual class employed in the WMD sector. It
    played doubtlessly a very important role in
    moderating social tensions during the difficult
    transformation period and contributed to
    relatively peaceful transformation processes in
    90s.

16
ISTC main achievements
  • Many very successful projects of LARGE
    TECHNOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS for
    Partners and PARTIES
  • Partnership project development a vehicle for
    direct bilateral contact leading to research
    collaboration, commercialisation and
    sustainability
  • A lot of amasingly successful projects in
    technology development, environmental restoration
    (NW Russia), climate monitoring, biotechnology
    etc.

17
ISTC Core Activity RDTech fields and funding
parties
Total RD funds 780 M
18
Regular vs. Partner ProgramFigures
  • Regular (Science) Project Program (530 M)
    funded from the ISTC budgetAt present, EU is
    first donor (gt60, 16 M/y) Canada funds
    industry-targeted projects with high return on
    technology transfer (9 M) USA in decline (focus
    on commercialization initiatives) Japan and
    South Korea virtually not funding
  • Standard 350-400 k, 3 years
  • ATTENTION MUST HAVE FOREIGN COLLABORATORS!!
  • Partner Project Program (250 M) direct funding
    by Partners. ISTC minimizes the risks of failure
  • 90 funds from US Govmt. agencies (DoE,
    DARPA-DoS, DoD, DoHS, DoA, EPA) 9 EU (G8
    countries CERN German, French MNEs, public
    RTOs) 1 Japan (microprojects, 30k)
  • Wide range 30-850 k, 6 months - 5 years

19
A vision of ISTC Sustainability from Bottom
Up approach to Triangle of Sustainability
  • 19

20
A Practical Vision of Sustainability
Sustainability Triangle
  • 20

21
Programs of the future ISTC priorities
  • Science Technology in Support of Counter
    Terrorism and Global Security
  • Advanced Nuclear Energy Technology, Nuclear Fuel
    Cycle and Nuclear Safety
  • Public Health, Agriculture and Biotechnology
  • Medical Physics
  • Environmental Restoration and Climate Change
    Mitigation
  • Clean soil
  • Clean water
  • Clean air
  • Renewable and/or Environmental Friendly Energy
  • Second priority
  • High Energy Physics

22
Why Russia/CIS in world ST marketplace?
  • Unique research and science base located in
    Russia/CIS
  • Excellent schools in theoretical sciences a
    paradox of non-market oriented research
  • Innovation paradox Resilience to transform
    scientific knowledge into innovative products,
    services and hi-tech jobs
  • Window of opportunities High economic growth
    (gt7), critical mass, reliable competence

23
Partner Project Agreement Minimizing the Risks
of Failure
http//www.istc.ru/ISTC/sc.nsf/html/documents-part
ner-program
Partner
Funding
Intellectual Property Rights Contractual
Arrangement
Reporting
Tasks Deliverables
Partner Project Agreement
CIS Recipient
ISTC
  • gt Management monitoring (5 fee)
  • Tax-free grants to researchers
  • gt Procurement of equipment materials exempted
    customs duties

24
ISTC Partner ProgramAdvantages
  • Reliable legal basis and institutional framework
  • Access to unique technological competence
  • Tax-free direct grant to individual participants
    , i.e. NO OVERHEADS
  • Imported equipment and materials Customs duties
    exemption if procured through ISTC or handed by
    Partner
  • Project agreement defines and establishes
    background and foreground intellectual property
    and ownereship of IPR between Partner and CIS
    beneficary
  • Export control clearance of deliverables - in
    accordance with project proposal and work plan
  • Project management Technical supervision and
    financial audit with only 5 fee charged to
    non-gov entities.

25
Regular vs. Partner ProgramFeatures
26
Options for a long term collaboration (beyond an
ISTC frame)
  • A concept of International Science Laboratory
    (International Centre of Excellence)
  • Creating an organisational (legal) frame going
    beyond the ISTC project frame
  • Starting with an ISTC project
  • Ending on legal entities facilitating a long term
    cllaboration
  • A possible intermediate stage an institute
    twinning concept

27
Technology Matchmaking A service to ISTC
partners
  • Customized service
  • Confidentiality
  • Assistance (access, visa application) and
    consultancy (IP and technology transfer)
  • Free of charge for partners
  • Advanced Matchmaking

http//partners.istc.ru/eng/
28
Bio Lifesciences at ISTC1994 2007
gt 220 million USD (gt600 projects)
29
Bio Lifesciences ActivitiesPrograms
  • Drug Design and Development
  • Capacity building
  • TB initiative
  • GXP training
  • Central Asia Disease Surveillance
  • Country and Regional Workshops
  • Biosafety Security
  • Upgrading Laboratory to International Safety
    Standards
  • Improving physical security of facilities
  • Training of scientific staff
  • Radiation Therapy Treatments
  • Boron Neutron Capture Therapy

ISTC BioCom
30
Drug Design and Development
Example Capacity Building Laboratory of
Biological Trials, Pushchino, Russia
  • Enhancing capacity
  • Ensuring compliance with international GLP
    standards
  • THROUGH
  • Procedures Documentations
  • GLP audits
  • Monitoring and training
  • Laboratory Animal care facilities upgrade

31
BioSafety Security
  • BioSafety
  • Renovation of vivariums, laboratory buildings,
    installing incinerators, boilers, treatment areas
    etc.
  • Design and establishing facilities for central
    storage of highly dangerous pathogens
  • BioSecurity
  • Vulnerability assessments and design of security
    systems
  • Upgrade of electronic communication systems, fire
    warning systems
  • Installation of perimeter fencing, security
    gates, CCTV systems, controlled access systems,
    motion sensors etc

32
Nanotechnologies 1
  • Nanotechnologies
  • Collaboration with Russian Organisations
    (RosNauka, RosAtom, Academy of Sciences, SC
    RosNanoTech)
  • Workshops (last Nanomaterials, April 2007,
    Vienna)
  • Projects in 4 directions
  • Nanoparticles
  • Carbon Nanotubes, Fullerenes
  • Composites, Coatings
  • Nanostructures and Measurement

Sheets of the Ti2AlNb-based alloy produced by
pack rolling
Bulk Nano-structure Ti-based bar (Ø200 mm,
L300 mm)
33
Nanotechnologies 2
  • Important Institutes, working in ISTC Projects
  • - Nanoparticles and Clusters
  • Institute of General Physics, Moscow
  • Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics,
    Moscow
  • Khlopin Radium Institute, St. Petersburg
  • Kurchatov Research Center, Moscow
  • - Alloys
  • Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys
  • State Technical University of Aviation, Ufa
  • Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems,
    Ufa
  • Leipunski Institute of Physics and Energy,
    Obninsk
  • - Catalysts
  • Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk
  • - Carbon Nanotubes, Fullerenes
  • Federal Scientific Institute of Experimental
    Physics, Sarov
  • Institute of Chemical Physics Chernogolovka,
    Moscow region,
  • Institute of Microelectronics Technology,
    Chernogolovka, Moscow region
  • Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Novosibirsk

3D model of three types of single-walled carbon
nanotubes.
34
Nanotechnologies 3
  • - Coatings
  • Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys
  • - Ceramics
  • Research and Technological Institute of Optical
    Materials, St. Petersburg
  • Tomsk Polytechnical University
  • Federal Scientific Institute of Technical Physics
    Snezhinsk

TEM image of dispersion of NanoDiamond (coating)
in amorphous styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer
(SAN)
35
Nanotechnologies 4
  • - Nanolithography chemical patterning combining
    molecular self-assembly with traditional
    lithography to create multifunctional surfaces in
    precise patterns at the molecular level. The
    process allows to create surfaces with varied
    chemical functionalities and promises to extend
    lithography to applications beyond traditional
    semiconductors.
  • Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, St Petersburg
  • TRINITI, Troitsk, Moscow reg.
  • - Light emitting structures
  • Stepanov Institute of Physics, Minsk, Belarus
  • Institute of Crystallography, Moscow
  • Moscow State University / Department of Physics

36
Space - 1
  • 90 funded projects ( 25 million) EU is the
    first donor, ESA-ESTEC main collaborator, and
    EADS has used ISTC as platform for subcontracting
    research and affordable launches for testing
    technologies
  • Centralized around Roskosmos Little autonomy
    left to institutes
  • Russian space strategy 2005-2015, including
    emblematic programs (Cliper, Mars mission)
  • Innovative propulsion systems
  • Chemical propulsion (slot nozzle 2598)
  • Solar electric propulsion (2365, 2620), solar
    sail (2331p)
  • Laser (3236, 1801, 2917, 3710) and low-power
    thrusters (1165, 2447)
  • Nuclear propulsion (2120, 92, 335, 1171)
  • Pulse continuous detonation (2740)

37
Space - 2
  • Materials in space ULS (2836), thermal
    protection (36), tests (A-1229, 627 Lavochkin)
  • Interplanetary missions Mars lander (2513)
    re-entry (Expert 3151, 1469, 2726, 3233, 3550)
  • Earth observation (satellite Demeter 2990),
    modeling and equipment design (2323, 3160),
    mapping (2908), weather and climate (A-1058)
  • Antennae/satcom

38
Slovenian partners? Why not
  • Public research organizations
  • Dissemination of opportunities Associations of
    industrialists
  • Scientific facilities, universities Any plans in
    Slovenia?
  • Nuclear physics Institute Jozef Stefan
  • Space Earth obervation
  • Materials for Aeronautics Subcontractors of
    Airbus
  • Science-based SMEs, research institutes
    Biotechnology, nanotech.
  • Advanced Matchmaking and customer service to
    co-funding business collaborators located in CIS
  • Slovenian national programme for RD -
    Subcontract RD
  • Slovenia G8 Global Partnership Use of ISTC as
    platform for their non-proliferation programs in
    Russia and CIS
  • Extension to all member states from Central Europe

39
Slovenian partners? If not begin with foreign
collaborators
  • Foreign Collaborators
  • Benefiting from regular projects with
    scientific excellence in focus
  • Seeding for further collaboration
  • Further intergration with international research
    programs like FP7
  • Exploiting commersialisation potential

40
Conclusion Advantages of ISTC
Your Request
- 18 VAT
- 24 Social taxes
- 13 Income revenue taxes
- 20 Customs duties
- 20 Profit tax
ISTC provides a reliable privileged framework for
subcontracting RD
41
ContactsEU Partner Promotion Program
  •  

Prof. Waclaw Gudowski Deputy Executive
Director Krasnoproletarskaya ulitsa, 32-34 P.O.
Box 20 / 127473, Moscow, Russia tel
7-(495)-982-3210 / fax 7-(495)-978-4637 e-mail
gudowski_at_istc.ru
Jose Ignacio Pradas-Poveda Senior EU Partner
Promotion Manager Krasnoproletarskaya ulitsa,
32-34 P.O. Box 20 / 127473, Moscow, Russia tel
7-(495)-982-3119 / fax 7-(495)-978-4637 e-mail
pradas-poveda_at_istc.ru

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