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Manual Handling - The Whole Story!

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List 5 injuries from manual handling. Define ergonomics. List ... Less tiring. Less likely to sustain injury. Improves your productivity. The Ergonomic Approach ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Manual Handling - The Whole Story!


1
Manual Handling - The Whole Story!
  • Mark Mallen
  • Health and Safety Manager
  • Fenlock Hansen Ltd

2
Introduction
  • The Whole Story?

3
Agenda
  • What is manual handling?
  • Whats the problem?
  • Legal framework
  • How to comply?
  • Manual handling technique

4
Objectives
  • List 5 injuries from manual handling
  • Define ergonomics
  • List 5 factors in an assessment
  • State where we find guidance
  • Conduct an assessment

5
What Is Manual Handling?
  • Lifting
  • Moving
  • Carrying
  • Pushing
  • Pulling

6
What Is Manual Handling?
  • Legal definition
  • Any transporting or supporting of a load
    (including the lifting, putting down, pushing,
    pulling, carrying or moving thereof) by hand or
    by bodily force
  • Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992

7
Whats the Problem?
  • Some statistics
  • More than a third of plus 3-day injuries
  • Injuries build up
  • Can lead to permanent disability
  • Occur in all workplaces

8
Some Statistics!
9
Some Statistics!
10
Some Statistics!
11
Types of Injuries
  • Musculoskeletal
  • Strains and sprains
  • Fractures
  • Hernias
  • Prolapsed (slipped) disc

12
Types of Injuries
  • Other injuries
  • Wounds
  • Burns

13
How We Can Get Hurt?
  • The Task
  • Lifting
  • Moving
  • Carrying
  • Pushing
  • Pulling

14
Additional Factors
  • The load
  • Weight
  • Appendix I - guideline weights
  • For infrequent operations - 30 per hour
  • Once or twice per minute, reduce by 30
  • Five to eight times, reduce by 50
  • Twelve times, reduce by 80

15
Additional Factors
  • Additional hazards
  • Bulky
  • Difficult to grasp
  • Unstable
  • Sharp edges
  • Hot or cold
  • Wet
  • Oily

16
Additional Factors
  • The workplace
  • Floor surfaces
  • Variations in floor levels
  • Cramped work area
  • Lighting
  • Untidy
  • Hot or cold
  • Humid

17
Additional Factors
  • Individual capacity
  • The guideline weights are intended to give
    reasonable protection to
  • Nearly all men
  • Between half and two thirds of women

18
Additional Factors
  • Peoples capacities vary
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Physical build

19
Additional Factors
  • Pregnancy can increase the risk
  • Posture
  • Hormonal

20
Legal Background
  • Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992

21
Employers Duties
  • Each employer shall
  • So far as is reasonably practicable, avoid the
    need for employees to undertake manual handling
    operations, which involve a risk of injury

22
Employers Duties
  • Where they cannot be avoided
  • Make a suitable and sufficient assessment
  • Take steps to reduce the risk of injury
  • Provide information on the load
  • Provide training
  • Regularly review assessments and controls

23
Employees Duties
  • Manual handling operations regulations 1992,
    regulation 5
  • Each employee while at work shall make full and
    proper use of any system of work provided for his
    use by his employer in compliance with regulation
    4(1)(b)(ii) of these regulations

24
Employees Duties
  • Use the controls provided
  • Co-operate with the employer on health and safety
    matters
  • Take care not to put themselves or others at risk

25
How to Comply
  • Establish if a risk of injury exists
  • Wherever possible (so far as is reasonably
    practicable)
  • Employers should attempt to avoid the need for
    manual handling
  • No hazard - no risk

26
How to Comply
  • Elimination - mechanisation
  • Hoists
  • Fork lift trucks
  • Conveyors

27
How to Comply
  • If we cannot eliminate
  • We must make a suitable and sufficient assessment
    of the risk
  • Deploy ergonomic controls

28
How to Comply
  • We have procedures
  • And, assessment pro-forma
  • Information,instruction, and training

29
Practical
  • Conduct an assessment
  • Based on a workplace task
  • Using Hansen pro forma

30
How to Comply
  • Ergonomics
  • Fitting the job to the person, rather than the
    person to the job

31
The Ergonomic Approach
  • Mechanical assistance
  • Suction pads
  • Hoists
  • Lifting cradles

32
The Ergonomic Approach
  • The task
  • Improve workplace layout
  • Reduce the amount of twisting and stooping
  • Avoid excessive bending and stretching
  • Reduce carrying distances

33
The Ergonomic Approach
  • The task
  • Avoid repetitive handling
  • Job rotation
  • Team handling
  • Adequate rest periods

34
The Ergonomic Approach
  • The load
  • Reduce the weight
  • Make it easier to hold
  • Provider appropriate containers
  • Make it less damaging to hold

35
The Ergonomic Approach
  • The working environment
  • Remove obstructions
  • Improve the flooring
  • Avoid steps and steep ramps

36
The Ergonomic Approach
  • The working environment
  • Prevent extremes of hot and cold
  • Provide adequate lighting
  • House keeping regime

37
The Ergonomic Approach
  • The individual
  • Take care of those with physical weakness
  • Look after pregnant workers
  • Provide information on the load
  • Provide training in good handling technique

38
The Ergonomic Approach
  • Conclude practical exercise
  • Using the ergonomic approach

39
The Ergonomic Approach
  • Individual benefits
  • Makes work easier
  • Less tiring
  • Less likely to sustain injury
  • Improves your productivity

40
The Ergonomic Approach
  • Company benefits
  • Reduces accidents
  • Ensures legal compliance
  • Reduces costs
  • Improves productivity

41
The Ergonomic Approach
  • The biggest benefit for everybody

42
What Next?
  • Conduct assessments
  • In conjunction with Risk Assessments
  • Use people doing the job
  • Set up assessment teams
  • Assess tasks
  • Use the assessments
  • Improve

43
Objectives
  • List 5 injuries from manual handling
  • What is ergonomics
  • List 5 factors in an assessment
  • State where we find guidance
  • Demonstrate ability to conduct an assessment

44
The Whole Story
  • Thanks for listening
  • Any questions
  • Dont forget
  • Be Safe!
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