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Psychotherapy

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Psychotherapy. The treatment of emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems ... of problems and modify troubling feelings, behaviors, or relationships ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Psychotherapy


1
Psychotherapy

2
  • The treatment of emotional, behavioral, and
    interpersonal problems through the use of
    psychological techniques designed to encourage
    understanding of problems and modify troubling
    feelings, behaviors, or relationships

3
Biomedical therapies

4
  • The use of medications, electroconvulsive
    therapy, or other medical treatments to treat the
    symptoms associated with psychological disorders

5
Psychoanalysis

6
  • A type of psychotherapy originated by Sigmund
    Freud in which free association, dream
    interpretation, and analysis of resistance and
    transference are used to explore repressed or
    unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal
    conflicts

7
Free association

8
  • A technique used in psychoanalysis in which the
    patient spontaneously reports all thought,
    feelings and mental images as they come to mind,
    as a way of revealing unconscious thoughts and
    emotions

9
Resistance

10
  • In psychoanalysis, the patients unconscious
    attempts to block the revelation of repressed
    memories and conflicts

11
Dream interpretation
12
  • A technique used in psychoanalysis in which the
    content of dreams is analyzed for disguised or
    symbolic wishes, meanings, and motivations

13
Interpretation

14
  • A technique used in psychoanalysis in which the
    psychoanalyst offers a carefully timed
    explanation of the patients dreams, free
    associations, or behaviors to facilitate the
    recognition of unconscious conflicts or
    motivations

15
Transference

16
  • In psychoanalysis, the process by which emotions
    and desires originally associated with a
    significant person in the patients life, such as
    a parents, are unconsciously transferred to the
    psychoanalyst

17
Short-term dynamic therapies

18
  • Type of psychotherapy that is based on
    psychoanalytic theory but differs in the it is
    typically time-limited, has specific goals, and
    involves an active, rather than neutral, role for
    the therapist.

19
Interpersonal therapy (IPT)

20
  • A brief psychodynamic psychotherapy that focuses
    on current relationships and is based on the
    assumption that symptoms are caused and
    maintained by interpersonal problems

21
Client-centered therapy
22
  • A type of psychotherapy developed by humanistic
    psychologist Carl Rogers in which the therapist
    is nondirective and reflective, and the client
    directs the focus of each therapy session also
    called person-centered therapy

23
Behavior therapy

24
  • A type of psychotherapy that focuses on directly
    changing maladaptive behavior patterns by using
    basic learning principles and techniques also
    called behavior modification

25
Counterconditioning
26
  • A behavior therapy technique based on classical
    conditioning that involves modifying behavior by
    conditioning a new response that is incompatible
    with a previously learned response

27
Systematic desensitization

28
  • A type of behavior therapy in which phobic
    responses are reduced by paring relaxation with a
    series of mental images or real-life situations
    that the person finds progressively more
    fear-provoking based on the principle of
    counterconditioning

29
Bell and pad treatment

30
  • A behavior therapy technique used to treat
    nighttime bed wetting by conditioning arousal
    from sleep in response to bodily signals of a
    full bladder

31
Aversive conditioning

32
  • A relatively ineffective type of behavior therapy
    that involves repeatedly pairing an aversive
    stimulus with the occurrence of undesirable
    behaviors or thoughts

33
Token economy

34
  • A form of behavior therapy in which the
    therapeutic environment is structured to reward
    desired behaviors with tokens or points that may
    eventually be exchanged for tangible rewards

35
Cognitive therapies

36
  • A group of psychotherapies based on the
    assumption that psychological problems are due to
    maladaptive patterns of thinking treatment
    techniques focus on recognizing and altering
    these unhealthy thinking patterns

37
Rational-emotive therapy (RET)

38
  • A type of cognitive therapy, developed by
    psychologist Albert Ellis, that focuses on
    changing the clients irrational beliefs

39
Cognitive therapy (CT)

40
  • A type if cognitive therapy, developed by
    psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck, that focuses on
    changing the clients unrealistic beliefs

41
Cognitive-behavioral therapy

42
  • Therapy that integrates cognitive and behavioral
    techniques and that is based on the assumption
    that thoughts, moods and behaviors are
    interrelated

43
Group therapy

44
  • A form of psychotherapy that involves one or more
    therapists working simultaneously with a small
    group of clients

45
Family therapy

46
  • A form of psychotherapy that is based on the
    assumption that the family is a system and that
    treats the family as a unit

47
Eclecticism

48
  • The pragmatic and integrated use of techniques
    from different psychotherapies

49
Antipsychotic medications

50
  • Prescription drugs that are used to reduce
    psychotic symptoms frequently used in the
    treatment of schizophrenia also called
    neuroleptics

51
Atypical antipsychotic medications

52
  • Newer antipsychotic medications that, in contrast
    to the early antipsychotic drugs, block dopamine
    receptors in brain regions associated with
    psychotic symptoms rather than more globally
    throughout the brain, resulting in fewer side
    effects

53
Antianxiety medications

54
  • Prescription drugs that are used to alleviate the
    symptoms of anxiety

55
Lithium

56
  • A naturally occurring substance that is used in
    the treatment of bipolar disorder

57
Antidepressant medications
58
  • Prescription drugs that are used to reduce the
    symptoms associated with depression

59
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

60
  • Class of antidepressant medications that increase
    the availability of serotonin in the brain and
    cause fewer side effects than earlier
    antidepressants they include Prozac, Paxil, and
    Zoloft

61
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

62
  • A biomedical therapy used primarily in the
    treatment of depression that involves
    electrically inducing a brief brain seizure also
    called electroshock therapy or shock therapy

63
Aaron T. Beck (b. 1921)

64
  • American psychiatrist who founded cognitive
    therapy (CT), a psychotherapy based on the
    assumption that depression and other
    psychological problems are caused by biased
    perceptions, distorted thinking, and inaccurate
    beliefs

65
Albert Ellis (b.1913)

66
  • American psychologist who founded the cognitive
    psychotherapy called rational-emotive therapy
    (RET), which emphasizes recognizing and changing
    irrational beliefs

67
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

68
  • Austrian physician and founder of psychoanalysis
    who theorized that psychological symptoms are the
    result of unconscious and unresolved conflicts
    stemming from early childhood

69
Mary Cover Jones (1896-1987)

70
  • American psychologist who conducted the first
    clinical demonstrations of behavior therapy

71
Carl Rogers (1902-1987)

72
  • American psychologist who helped found humanistic
    psychology and developed client-centered therapy
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