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New Jersey Water Monitoring Council and Monitoring

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Title: New Jersey Water Monitoring Council and Monitoring


1
New Jersey Water Monitoring Counciland
Monitoring Assessment Programs
  • Leslie J. McGeorge, Administrator
  • NJDEP Water Monitoring and Standards
  • Presented at National Water Quality Monitoring
    Council Meeting
  • Philadelphia, PA
  • July 24, 2007

2
Overview
  • Water Monitoring Council
  • Monitoring Programs
  • Freshwater
  • Marine Water Beach
  • Volunteer
  • Water Quality Assessment
  • Data Exchange Project
  • Innovative Coastal Monitoring Techniques (Bob
    Connell)

3
NJ Water Monitoring Council
  • Formed October 2003 on World Water Monitoring
    Day
  • Vision provide water information foundation for
    management of aquatic environment
  • Mission coordination, collaboration and
    communication of ambient water quality/quantity
    data to support effective environmental
    management
  • Scope biological, chemical and physical
    conditions of surface and ground
    waters, freshwater, estuarine,
  • marine waters

4
NJ Water Monitoring Council
  • 30 Members - 15 monitoring research orgs.
  • Federal, state, interstate, regional, county
    government
  • Academia Research Institutions
  • Volunteer representation
  • Co-chairs Leslie McGeorge (NJDEP)
  • Rick Kropp (USGS Water Science Ctr)
  • Coordinator Alena Baldwin-Brown (NJDEP)
  • Steering Committee NJDEP, USGS, DRBC
  • 3 meetings/yr subcommittees
  • EPA mini-grant support (Watershed
  • Protection Program)

5
NJ Water Monitoring Council
  • Member Organizations
  • NJDEP
  • USGS/NJ Water Science Center
  • USEPA Region 2
  • NOAA
  • Delaware River Basin Commission
  • Interstate Environmental Commission
  • Pinelands Commission
  • Rutgers U. - IMCS, Coop. Extension Service
  • NJ Water Resources Research Institute
  • NJ Marine Sciences Consortium
  • Passaic River Institute (Montclair State U.)
  • Meadowlands Environmental Research Inst.
  • Monmouth County Health Department
  • NJ Water Supply Authority
  • Volunteer Monitoring coordinator

6
NJ Water Monitoring CouncilInformation Exchange
  • Meetings biological monitoring, microbial
    monitoring source trackdown, water quantity,
    county/local/volunteer monitoring
  • State Water Monitoring Workshop April 20, 2006
  • Use of Council website
  • (www.nj.gov/dep/wms/wmcchome.html)
  • Water Monitoring Inventory development

7
NJ Water Monitoring CouncilBenefits
  • State water monitoring community partnerships
  • Technical information exchange
  • National Council information
  • Monitoring data gap identification
  • Joint project/grant development opportunities
  • Increased data submittals to NJDEP

8
  • NJs Monitoring Assessment Programs
  • Programs described in Long-Term Strategic Plan
    (2005-2014)
  • Identifies gaps partnership resource needs

www.nj.gov/dep/wms/longtermstrategyreport.pdf
9
Freshwater Monitoring
  • Where do we monitor ?
  • Rivers/streams (gt18,000 miles at 124,000 scale)
  • Lakes
  • Groundwater
  • What do we monitor ?
  • Water column
  • Sediment
  • Biological conditions

10
Freshwater Biological Monitoring Program
Designs
  • Fixed stations
  • Rotating basins
  • Probabilistic designs
  • Targeted monitoring (e.g., TMDL support, stressor
    identification, stormwater monitoring)

11
Ambient Surface Water Network
  • Cooperative program with USGS
  • Develops chemical/physical data for water column
    sediment status trends
  • 115 stations, 42 randomly selected
  • 4x/year
  • Parameters Include
  • Nutrients
  • DO
  • Bacteriological
  • Metals
  • Volatile Organics
  • Pesticides

12
Groundwater Monitoring Network
  • Cooperative program with USGS
  • 5 rotating basins
  • - Shallow well network
  • - 150 targeted stations 30/yr
  • - Land use-based
  • - Agriculture
  • - Undeveloped
  • - Urban
  • - Parameters monitored
  • nutrients, VOCs, metals, pesticides, radioactivity

13
  • Benthic Macroinvertebrates - Ambient
    Biomonitoring Network (AMNET)
  • Indicator of river/stream aquatic health
  • Over 800 stations
  • 5 Rotating basins
  • Sampled 1x/5yrs
  • Index period April - Nov

14
Ambient Biological Monitoring Network Results
Non-impaired
Moderately impaired
Severely impaired
15
Benthic Macroinvertebrate Program Status
  • 3 Rounds of all 5 Water Regions complete.
  • Existing single Multi-metric index being replaced
    with 3 NJ-customized ecoregion-specific indices
  • Pinelands
  • High gradient (adaptable to headwaters)
  • Coastal Plain
  • New indices at genus species level

16
Fish Index of Biotic Integrity Network (FIBI)
  • Program initiated in 2000 (N. New Jersey)
  • 100 Fixed Site network
  • 20 Sites per Year, 5 Year Rotation
  • Index Period June through Mid-October
  • Round 2 Sampling Initiated in 2005

17
Fish Index of Biotic (FIBI) Integrity Network
Results
2000-04 FIBI Ratings (First Round)
18
Inner Coastal Plain (S. Jersey) FIBI Development
  • NJ Div. of Fish Wildlife - lead for Coastal
    Plain FIBI development
  • Validation Study Completed in 2006
  • Monitoring began 2007

19
Lakes Monitoring Network
  • 200 Lake network, 40 lakes/year. Began
    2004.
  • Probabilistic design, using USEPA - GRTS
    protocol, representing 1100 named lakes
  • Average 3 stations/lake
  • Parameters selected to assess lake productivity

20
Ambient Lakes Monitoring Network
  • Sample Parameters
  • Total Phosphorus
  • Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen
  • NitriteNitrate Nitrogen
  • Ammonia Nitrogen
  • Dissolved Oxygen
  • Temperature
  • Specific Conductance
  • pH
  • Alkalinity
  • Hardness
  • Turbidity
  • Secchi depths
  • Chlorophyll a

21
Marine Monitoring for Public Health Seafood
Safety
  • Required by NJ Statute (NJSA 5824).
  • Required by US FDA for interstate sale of
    shellfish (worth 500 million/year to the NJ
    economy).
  • Supporting data for NJs Integrated Report to
    identify impaired shellfish use waters.
  • 2,500 locations, 15,000 samples/year for coliform
    bacteria

22
Harvestable Acreage Improvements (1976-2006)
23
Monitoring for Public HealthOcean Bay Bathing
Beaches
  • 127 miles ocean shoreline
  • 325 locations monitored, including
  • 188 ocean beaches and 76 bay beaches
  • Monitored weekly more frequently if needed
  • Cooperative program with counties
  • Enterococcus Indicator
  • Criterion 104 enterococcus/100 ml

24
Marine Monitoring for Public HealthOcean Bay
Bathing Beaches
  • Most NJ beaches have never been closed.
  • In 2006, gt97 beaches with no closures.
  • Monitoring supports 36 billion beach tourism
    industry in NJ

2006
25
Marine Monitoring for Public HealthOcean Beach
Closures
NOTE Indicator changed from fecal to
enterococcus in 2004
26
Marine Monitoring Ecosystem Health
  • Required by the Federal Clean Water Act.
  • Used for NJs Integrated Report to identify
    impaired waters.
  • 250 locations - 1000 samples/year, DO, nutrients,
    chlorophyll

27
Marine Monitoring Ecosystem Health National
Coastal Assessment Program
  • Part of national assessment of estuarine systems
  • Sediment Toxicity
  • Sediment Chemistry
  • Benthic Diversity
  • Fish Tissue

28
Marine MonitoringNonpoint Source Monitoring in
NJ
  • Applications
  • Source Tracking
  • Land use load estimates for TMDL modeling

Mobile laboratory -microbiology nutrients
Automated flow measurement and sample collection
29
NJ Volunteer Monitoring Program - Watershed Watch
Network (started 2002)
  • 29 River/Stream Monitoring Organizations
  • Biological
  • Visual
  • Habitat
  • Chemical
  • Bacteria
  • 58 Lake Monitoring Organizations
  • Bacteria
  • Chemical

30
Volunteer Program - Watershed Watch Network
  • Internal NJDEP Advisory Council
  • Water Monitoring Standards
  • Division of Watershed Management
  • Office of Quality Assurance
  • External Advisory Council Volunteer Program
    Coordinators from
  • Riverkeeper Organizations
  • Watershed Associations

31
Volunteer Program Outcomes
  • Training (e.g., field collection, habitat
    assessment, data integration, benthic
    macroinvertebrates)
  • Annual Volunteer Monitoring Summit
  • Technical Assistance - NJ Service Provider
    Network
  • Resource Support Mini-Grant Program
  • Online Data Management System (under
    development)
  • Increased high quality data submissions to NJDEP
  • Quality Assurance Tiers


32
NJs 4 Tiered Approach
  • Allows for volunteers to choose level of
    monitoring involvement based on
  • Intended purpose for monitoring
  • Intended data use
  • Intended data users
  • Tier A-Environmental Education
  • Tier B-Stewardship
  • Tier C-Community Assessment
  • Tier D-Indicators/Regulatory Response

33
Water Quality AssessmentCWA Section 305(b)
  • Required 1x/2 yrs
  • Statewide water quality status
  • Water quality trends
  • Causes sources of non-attainment
  • Actions needed to improve water quality
  • Cost estimate of actions

34
Water Quality AssessmentCWA Section 303(d)
  • Formerly Impaired Waterbody List
  • ID specific waterbodies stream miles not
    meeting uses
  • ID pollutants exceeding standards requiring
    TMDLs
  • TMDL schedule
  • Public Participation required
  • Use all available data

35
Water Quality Assessment Integrated Report
Process
  • Data solicitation
  • Assessment Methods document
  • Assessment of data (gt 6400 individual designated
    use assessments in 2006)
  • Integrated Waterbody List
  • Stakeholder input
  • Integrated Report w/ 305(b) water quality
    characterization
  • EPA List Approval
  • Data submission to EPA via Assessment Database

Based on EPA guidance Guidance for 2006
Assessment, Listing and Reporting Requirements
Pursuant to Sections 303(d), 305(b) and 314 of
the Clean Water Act (IRG), July 2005.
36
2006 NJ Assessment Enhancements
  • Assessment units based on USGS HUC 14
    subwatersheds vs. waterbody segments
  • Assessment units now consistent for each
    Integrated Report cycle
  • Increased use of external data (36 groups)
    federal agencies, interstate, volunteers,
    watershed associations, local governments, MUAs

37
Overall Assessment for 2006
  • Goal all waters fully assessed
  • lt10 of subwatersheds assessed for all uses
  • 25 of subwatersheds fully assessed with
    exception of fish consumption use

38
2006 Assessment Results
39
Top Impairments All Waters
2006 Assessment Results
40
NJ Water Quality Data Exchange Goals
  • Develop searchable inventory of monitoring
    activities
  • Integrate federal, state, county and local
    ambient water quality monitoring data into
    NJDEPs enterprise environmental data management
    system
  • Continue making NJDEPs water quality data
    readily available to public
  • Exchange ambient water quality monitoring data
    with USEPA (not just submit NJDEP data to EPA)
  • Funding National Environmental Information
    Exchange Network (NEIEN) Grant
  • Target Completion Oct 2008

41
NJDEP WQ Data Exchange
spreadsheets Web forms XML
Web Server
XML
NJDEP
NJ DHSS Lab
Web Services
spreadsheets Web forms XML
USGS/NWIS Web Services
Counties Commissions
spreadsheets Web forms XML
XML Non-NWIS Data
spreadsheets Web forms XML
USEPA Central Data Exchange (CDX)
TMDL Contractors 319(h) Grantees
Inventory (Who, What, Where, When, Why)
Volunteer Organizations
42
Data Exchange ProjectKey Challenges
  • EPA data exchange standard (WQX) does not contain
    some data elements needed to describe monitoring
    for inventory (e.g., municipality, categories
    metals, organics, etc.)
  • How get data from the USGS/NWIS web services
    (when available) since not initially Exchange
    Network (EN) compliant (i.e., cant use EN
    software tools)
  • How get data from EPAs EN node since new WQX web
    services may not initially be EN compliant (i.e.,
    cant use EN software tools)

43
Possible Solutions from NJDEPs NEIEN Grant
  • Inventory Work with EN to enhance WQX to include
    inventory related data elements. Enhance EN
    Browser to accomplish inventory tasks (requires
    consultation with EN Leadership Council and ECOS)
  • USGS/NWIS web services NJDEP build application
    to get data from soon to be released USGS web
    services and make data WQX compliant for loading
    in NJDEPs data system.
  • EPAs WQX web services NJDEP to build
    application to get data from new WQX web service
    and load into NJDEPs data system.

44
Acknowledgements
  • Council - Alena Baldwin-Brown
  • Marine - Bob Connell Virginia Loftin
  • Volunteer - Danielle Donkersloot
  • Assessment - Debra Hammond Nancy Immesberger
  • Freshwater - Al Korndoerfer
  • Data Exchange - Paul Morton Angela Witcher
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