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MASTITIS CONTROL, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT IN GOATS

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ONLY FOR COLIFORM MASTITIS! ... MASTITIS AND FERTILITY. Mastitis, especially early lactation, can have a negative impact on fertility! ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MASTITIS CONTROL, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT IN GOATS


1
CONTROLLING THE GAMEBad and good guys!
Teat end
2
If you cant reduce susceptibility, YOU NEED TO
LOWER EXPOSURE!!
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3. Maximize immunity
2. Maximize teat end integrity
1.Minimize bacteria!! no bacteria- no problem
5
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6
Minimize moisture / bacterial load! (stalls /
ventilation)
Mini inferno inside!
CLEAN
DRY
Bedding maintenance stall lt 10o below body temp
COMFORTABLE
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10
CLEANLINESS SCORING
11
CLEANLINESS SCORING
12
CLEANLINESS SCORING
  • CLEAN COWS CAN GET MASTITIS!
  • high organism load without filth!
  • depressed immune system!

13
TOWEL LOOKING
14
TOWEL LOOKING
DIP DIRT
15
Coliforms E. coli, Klebsiella, etc
  • These bugs lack velcro!!!!
  • cant stick!
  • must swim!
  • KEY IS CONTROL MOISTURE!!!

16
  • Persistent barrier teat dip
  • sealants (external barrier)
  • Internal barrier sealants
  • (teat end toothpaste)

ECONOMICALLY A NO-BRAINER!! Only if done properly!
17
CAN REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL INFECTIONS BY gt70-80
IF DONE PROPERLY!!!
18
3-9 / cow Labor facilities
Ideal! Dip once at dry off 5-7 day coverage
pre-calving
19
lt 1-2 / heifer Labor facilities
Ideal! 5-7 day coverage pre-calving
20
Xray of Teatseal in place 60 days into the dry
period
6-8 /cow
21
With Teatseal aseptic infusion is essential!!!
22
Infuse Teatsealand leave in teat sinus
No massage after insertion!
Full tip insertion!
Dont just push air!
23
Remove Teatseal before first milking
15-20 strips/ teat
  • 10 fleck for 5 days
  • 5 fleck for 10 days
  • 1-2 fleck for 30 days!!!

24
PREMILKING GOALS
1. Minimize bacterial load on teat 2. Proper
stimulation for letdown 3. Minimize trauma to
cow and milker 4. Minimize residue
potentials!! 5. Maximize unit /minimize
squawks 6. Get milker unit on within 1-2
minutes! 7. Be economical / cost effective!!
clean/dry w/ends 15 sec / good
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27
USUALLY GET GREAT COVERAGE!
IF YOU DONT DRY THOROUGHLY YOURE IN TROUBLE!
SHOULD YOU?
28
3. Maximize immunity
2. Maximize teat end integrity
1.Minimize bacteria!! no bacteria- no problem
29
Milking machines
Flies
Milk comes out!!!
Bacteria get in!!
30
EVALUATE
DIRTY? DONUTS? CRACKS?
TEAT ENDS !!!
31
Bad genetics teat shape! Or you got other
problems!
lt 20 (10)
lt 5!
32
May block winter teat dehydration pre-calving
33
FLIES BAD TEATS!
34
3. Maximize immunity
2. Maximize teat end integrity
1.Minimize bacteria!! no bacteria- no problem
35
NUTRITION!! VACCINATION?
36
VACCINATIONS
  • Staph aureus
  • - too late in adult cows
  • only if there is a herd problem
  • Must start in heifers ( 6 mo. of age)
  • 2 shots, then every 6 months
  • some benefit, but mild prevention
  • Coliforms E. coli, Klebsiella, etc
  • - These bugs lack velcro cant stick, must swim!
  • - Yes! No Brainer! Core antigen vaccines!

37
CORE ANTIGEN VACCINES
38
CORE ANTIGEN VACCINES
  • Cross protects across gram negatives
  • Reduces infections and toxic signs
  • NOT JUST FOR MASTITIS!!!
  • - uterus - gut - lungs - udder
  • 2-3 shot regime during the dry period
  • 100 days protection post calving
  • What about the rest of the year?

39
CORE ANTIGEN VACCINES
  • ONLY FOR COLIFORM MASTITIS!!!
  • Makes immunity move faster but speed is
    relative snail, turtle, jackrabbit
  • NO SUBSTITUTE FOR POOR MGMT.
  • (DIRTY TEATS OR POOR NUTRITION)

40
COOL YOUR DRY COWS!!!
41
MASTITIS AND FERTILITY
  • Mastitis, especially early lactation, can have a
    negative impact on fertility!!
  • Early embryonic death and late term (gt 7 mon)
    abortion endotoxin- Gram
  • Increased days open, lower pregnancy rates with
    all environmental mastitis (not just toxic or
    clinical)
  • All related to nutrition good immunity takes
    lots of nutrients!

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43
CONTROLLING THE GAMEBad and good guys!
Healthy teats
What bug?
Numbers? Type?
More or less bugs?
Weak or strong?
44
CONTROLLING THE GAMEBad and good guys!
X Barrier Teat dips? Sealants?
minimize bugs!
Treat bugs?
Maximize immunity!
45
True or False? gt 95 of audience has Strep.
throat today?
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