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Sudan Presentation

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Title: Sudan Presentation


1
Sudan Presentation
  • 5th IPUMS International Workshop
  • Lisbon-Portugal
  • 21-29,August,2007

2
The First Population Census
  • The first Population Census was done by the
    British, in 1955/1956 and completed in a time
    spam of one year and a half. It had made
    remarkable use of traditional administration
    (chiefs of the tribes). The total population was
    10.1 millions and adjusted to 10.3 millions and
    was satisfactory to all types of people.

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The Second population census
  • The Second population census was done in 1973 and
    was delayed for five years because of the war in
    the south (The Addis Ababa peace Agreement was in
    1972).The Total population in 1973 was 14.8
    millions. The first result was only 12.3 millions
    which is very much less than expected. It was
    unfortunate that the enumeration failed at the
    beginning to cover the camps in some Gezira
    areas and to cover comprehensively the Nomads.
    Adjustment had been made after post-enumeration.

8
The Third Population census
  • The third Population Census was conducted in 1983
    . The total population was 20.6 millions which
    was also adjusted to 19.1 millions. A notice was
    raised about accuracy in the South due to weak
    logistics . Some enumerators who found it
    difficult to walk for long distances had used the
    chiefs of the tribes to fill the forms on behalf
    of the households.

9
Fourth population census
  • The fourth Population Census was done in 1993 and
    had come up with a total Population of 24.9 and
    adjusted to 25.9 million . This count did not
    include the rural areas in the South because of
    war and no comprehensive coverage of the nomads
    had taken place due to lack of logistics . In the
    4th Population Census the proportion of the
    nomads was only 3 while it was 11 in the
    previous census. Over count was noticed in some
    areas by inhabitants in order to increase their
    sugar ration.

10
Comparison
  • The 1956 Population Census was the most accurate
    census in Sudan compared with the others . Now
    this Population census has become the basis for
    all subsequent censuses.

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Percentage of the Population of South Sudan
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The Fifth Sudan Census
  • According to article 215(1)
  • of the Constitution
  • A population census throughout the Sudan
    should be conducted and completed by the end of
    the second year of the interim period.
  • Therefore this census is a constitutional one.

18
The Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) and the
Southern Sudan Commission for Statistics and
Evaluation (SSCSE)
  • According to article 215 (2) and based on the
    comprehensive peace agreement (CPA )the Census
    shall be conducted by the Central Bureau of
    Statistic and the Southern Sudan Commission for
    Statistics and Evaluation

19
Supporting Bodies
  • Based on the (CPA), technical coordination is
    done by the UNFPA
  • Trusting countries of the (CPA) are also involved
    in the Census through their relevant institutions
    such as US Bureau of Census, French GIS research
    centre, DANIDA ,EU, Statistics Norway.
  • The world bank is also involved by monitoring the
    MDTF (Multi Donor Trust Fund)

20
Sudan Fifth Population Census (Organizational
Setup)
  • The Population Census Council was
  • established by a presidential decree
  • No (2) in 7th January 2006 Consists
  • of representatives of the Government of National
    unity (GNU), Government of South Sudan (GOSS),
    the Parliament and Senate and Academics .
  • The council Reports to the Presidency.
  • Established Strictly for the Censuses

21
Monitoring Quality assurance
  • A committee for monitoring and quality assurance
    was established by the PCC in March 2006 .
    It consists of
  • International Experts.
  • National Experts.
  • Civil organizations.
  • Political parties.
  • The committee is chaired by the states council.

22
The Technical Working Group
  • A technical working group has been formed by the
    council. It consists of the two executing
    agencies, The supporting bodies (US census,
    Statistics Norway, French cooperation), Line
    ministries, and national experts .
  • The TWG has conducted 13 meetings in different
    states of the country .
  • The TWG has finalized most of the work on the
    census documents/tools (census project proposal,
    timetable, budget, questionnaires etc).
  • The TWG has raised important recommendations
    which were indorsed by the council.
  • The committee is chaired by CBS director.

23
TWG Important Recommendations and Decisions
  • 1- Quick count methodology is selected.
  • 2- Data entry will be decentralized and it was
    suggested that 9 centres could be
    established for data entry.
  • 3- The census results will be produced
    centrally.
  • 4- The British 1930, maps should be used as the
    basic reference maps for state boundaries.

24
  • 5- The geocoding is from North to South at each
    level
  • State.
  • Locality.
  • Administrative Unit/Town/City.
  • Popular administrative
  • EA
  • City quarter/ block/ village/ farique.
  • 6- OMR will be used in both entry.

25
Advocacy
  • A National Advocacy committee
  • Was established by the PCC in March 2006 its
    responsibility is to plan and execute the
    census publicity programs at national and
    state levels.
  • The committee is headed by the under secretary of
    the ministry of information.

26
Finance
  • A Finance committee-
  • Was established by the PCC in March 2006
    to make available the Financial resources for
    the census from both local and international
    sources. The committee is headed by minister of
    finance.

27
Technology
  • Scanning will be used for the census data
    capturing of the short and long forms for quick
    results processing
  • GPS maps are used to ensure full coverage and to
    speed up the cartographic work of the census
  • GIS is used for data presentation, analysis and
    dissemination.
  • The internet is going to be used as another tool
    for data dissemination

28
Achievements -
  • (1) A detailed and comprehensive project document
    has been prepared through project appraisal
    meetings attend by (CBS) and (SSCCSE) world
    bank, UNFPA, and other supporting bodies. The
    document consist of the followings -
  • A detailed work plan.
  • A detailed Budget with activities and time
    frame for implementation for each activity.

29
  • (2) Two questionnaires has been designed-
  • Short and long
  • The short Questionnaire will be used for the
    full coverage of the population with a
    minimum number of questions (11 questions). A
    long questionnaire will be applied for 10
    percent of the population (EAS).
  • (3) The Enumerators and supervisors manuals have
    also prepared.

30
(4) Cartographic Work was-
  • Started in the early 2006 and continuing up to
    now. GPS is used for the accurate location of
    settlement and delineation of (EAS). It is
    also used for allocating service centers.
    Almost all cartographic work have been finished
    in the North except Darfour which in a half way.
    The south is also in a half way. We except to
    finish mapping by the end of September.

31
Enumeration phase -
  • The actual enumeration will start in the
    second of feb.and finish by the15 of feb. 2008.
    (a proximally 2 weeks).
  • Defacto method will be applied.

32
Decentralization -
  • Decentralized data capturing will be followed
    for the first time on Sudan.
  • Final data processing and tabulation will be
    performed centrally.

33
Data dissemination -
  • National and regional tabulation will be
    analyzed and published using different data
    dissemination methods such as-
  • Printed reports.
  • Electronic media (websites, Emails).
  • Data archiving.
  • Seminars and workshops.

34
Challenges -
  • Lack of Proper infrastructure and experienced
    manpower in South Sudan due to the war.
  • Mines and insecurity in some parts of
    Sudan.
  • Continues population movement to the South
    (returnees) from inside and out side the
    country.
  • Insecurity in some areas in Darfur States and
    Equatoria.
  • Problems concerning nomadic population and their
    continues movements in huge areas and across the
    boards.
  • Lack of continues flows of Funding from both
    government and Donors.

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